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    Matthew henson brief story ppt Matthew henson brief story ppt Presentation Transcript

    • By Jeri Ferris Arctic Explorer: the Story of Matthew Henson
    • Vocabulary Words to Know
      • expedition - a journey made to accomplish something
      • arctic- having to do with a region of the North Pole
      • glaciers - large slow moving masses of ice
      • constellation - a group of fixed stars having a name
      • insulation - a material that keeps heat from being lost
      arctic constellation insulation glaciers expedition
    • Matt Henson the first African American to explore the Arctic Region
      • A small group of explorers set out to visit the north pole in June 1891
      • The group included Matthew , Robert Peary and his wife, Josephine
      • Matt Henson had worked before with Robert Peary in exploring jungles
      • The boat they sailed on was named the KITE.
    • They set sail for Greenland
      • The trip to Greenland would be long, so they needed lots of supplies, like food and camping equipment and coal for fires
      • They reached Greenland on the first day of summer, June 21
      • Icebergs were everywhere and they used their boat to break cracks in them up to go forward
    • They landed in McCormick Bay
      • They unloaded supplies, and made a camp
      • The boat, Kite, left for home before the water froze up again
      • Matt celebrated his 25 th birthday in Aug.8
      • They ate mock turtle soup, stew of little auk, green peas, corn and apricot pie
      • They built a small wooden house to live in
    • They meet the Eskimos
      • They made friends with the Eskimos to learn how to survive the winter
      • The Eskimos taught them to hunt for polar bear, seals, walruses, reindeer and caribou
      • The Eskimo woman would chew the fat off of the animal furs to make them usuable for coats, hats, boots
      • In exchange, they gave the Eskimos, pots,pans, needles, tools and other household items.
    • Matt looked like the Eskimos
      • Matt’s skin color was brown just like the Eskimos
      • The Eskimo family, Ikwa, his wife, and 2 children became very fond of Matt, and called him “ Miy Paluk”, meaning dear little Matthew in Inuit language
      • They had a run- in with some very unfriendly walruses, and almost got killed
    • The Sun was setting for the Winter
            • By September, the sky grew darker and then the sun was gone for 6 months
      • The men hunted by the full moon and lived in igloos
      • The Eskimos taught them how not to freeze and how to make clothing out of animal pelts(skins)
      • Matt also learned how to drive a
      • sledge with a dog team
    • Eskimo Life
      • Matt learned how to make an igloo out of snow- the Eskimos could do it in about an hour
      • They ate frozen meat and raw meat
      • They would hunt the white arctic hare by watching for the shadows on the snow
      • They watched for the stars in the sky to help pass the time
      • They lived simply – no laws, no wars, no schools, no churchs
      • They lived only to survive the elements of ice and snow.
    • The Sun Appeared again
      • In February, the sun began to come back
      • For many days the sky was just pink
      • Then every day the sun would stay longer and longer
      • The birds came back, and the water turned a deep blue
      • Matt tried to cross the ice cap with the group, but his foot became frozen
      • He went back to stay with Mrs. Peary to heal his foot.
    • Summer came
      • While the other men looked for the North pole, Matt helped at the campsite
      • He learned how to cook and to speak the Eskimo language.
      • Peary and one other man crossed the ice cap, all the others turned back.
      • They never did get to the North Pole, but vowed to try again, Matthew and Robert Peary
      • Questions?
      • What did the group try to explore?
      • South pole___ Africa____ North Pole__
      • 2. Where did they land the boat?
      • Iceland___ England___ Greenland___
      • 3. How long were they gone?
      • 2months___ 2years___ 5 years____
      • 4. When did this take place?
      • June 1981___Feb 2003____June 1950___
      the end