Published on

A presentation on the importance of using correct ergonomics principles with students in K-8. Done for a graduate school project at Valdosta State University.

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Digital Citizenship Health and Wellness ERGONOMICS for the K-8 Student Presented by Kati Searcy
  2. 2. <ul><li>If you can hear me, please click on the </li></ul><ul><li>checkmark at the bottom of your screen. </li></ul><ul><li>If you cannot hear me, please click on the “x” at the bottom of your screen. </li></ul><ul><li>Click a second time to remove the check. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who is Kati Searcy? <ul><li>Student – VSU – Ed.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructional Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grad. May 2010 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Teacher – Mountain Park ES, Roswell </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Music – 13 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talented/Gifted – 11 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional Learning – 7 years </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Trivia <ul><li>Where was Kati born? </li></ul><ul><li>Please type in your answer in the chat box. Make sure you are sending your answer to the “Main Room”. </li></ul><ul><li>Choices: </li></ul><ul><li>Paris (France) </li></ul><ul><li>Hollywood (California) </li></ul><ul><li>Valdosta (Georgia) </li></ul><ul><li>Johannesburg (South Africa) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Photo: </li></ul>
  6. 6. Photo:
  7. 7. <ul><li>Have a question during the presentation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>please click on the “raised hand” icon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have a comment to share during the presentation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Please type in the empty box </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. If you are called on to speak, please click on the “Ctrl” key on your computer and hold it down as long as you are talking.
  9. 9. And now … <ul><li>Photo: </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Focus Question: </li></ul><ul><li>What actions can teachers take to ensure proper ergonomics for children using computers? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Objectives <ul><li>Understand the concept of ergonomics in general. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize the correct principles of ergonomics for students using computers. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss options available to provide ergonomically-correct accommodations for students. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>What is ERGONOMICS? </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Ergonomics is the study of physical and psychological components of human work (at school, at home, at a job, and at play) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Let’s Brainstorm (2 mins.) <ul><li>Physical and Psychological components of our students’ work </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Photo: </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>ERGONOMICS </li></ul><ul><li>for children </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Areas of Ergonomic Concern for Children </li></ul>
  18. 18. Backpacks should be lighter than 15% of the child’s weight. <ul><li>Backpacks worn low, </li></ul><ul><li>near the tailbone, or </li></ul><ul><li>on just one shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>are more likely to </li></ul><ul><li>apply painfully high </li></ul><ul><li>pressures. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Gaming Systems “ Nintendo Thumb” ( Nintendonitis)
  20. 20. Computers
  21. 21. What are computer ergonomics? <ul><li>In order to reduce strain on various parts of the body, adjusting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desk/Table </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. E R G O N O M I C S
  23. 23. What do we get if . . . <ul><li>If the monitor is too close or too far away </li></ul><ul><li>If the monitor lighting is too dim </li></ul><ul><li>If the screen flickers </li></ul><ul><li>If the screen glares </li></ul>Photo:
  24. 24. Eye Strain
  25. 25. <ul><li>Text on screen should be at or slightly below eye level. </li></ul><ul><li>If looking at a text while typing, a document holder, the same height as the monitor, should be used. </li></ul>Photo:
  26. 27. What do we get if . . . <ul><li>Chairs don’t give proper back support </li></ul><ul><li>Chairs are too low or too high </li></ul><ul><li>Feet and arms are not supported </li></ul>
  27. 28. Back Problems !!!
  28. 29. <ul><li>Chairs should provide back support </li></ul><ul><li>Chairs must be the right height </li></ul><ul><li>The feet must be supported </li></ul><ul><li>The arms must be supported </li></ul>
  29. 31. What do we get if … <ul><li>Hands and wrists are not parallel to the floor when typing </li></ul><ul><li>Hands have nowhere to rest (on a desk or on chair arms) </li></ul>
  30. 32. Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
  31. 35. So…..let’s review ….
  32. 36. Good Or Bad?
  33. 37. Good or Bad?
  34. 38. Good or Bad?
  35. 39. Good or Bad?
  36. 40. Good or Bad?
  37. 41. Good or Bad?
  38. 42. Good or Bad?
  39. 44. <ul><li>What actions can teachers take to ensure proper ergonomics for children using computers? </li></ul>
  40. 45. OPTION 1 <ul><li>Infinity Station </li></ul><ul><li>Fits 1 st grade - Adult </li></ul>
  41. 46. Infinity Station $1,500 each
  42. 47. No Cost !!!
  43. 48. A practical, cost-efficient solution <ul><li>Firm pillows, phone books or booster seats </li></ul><ul><li>A back cushion, pillow or rolled-up towel in small of back </li></ul><ul><li>2” between the front edge of the chair and the back of the knees </li></ul><ul><li>Knees at 90° - 120 ° (may require footrest or box) </li></ul>Teach the Children!
  44. 50. <ul><li>Most classrooms built in the 21st century are NOT designed to be ergonomically appropriate for students. YET… </li></ul><ul><li>It IS possible to make a school's computer workstations adjustable for most students when you have only a small budget. SO…. </li></ul><ul><li>If the desk, chair, or monitor heights do not match the body size of your students, modify them. </li></ul>
  45. 51. Take Action <ul><li>We, the informed, must now promote professional awareness of classroom ergonomics issues. </li></ul><ul><li>It is our responsibility to protect children against known injury risks. </li></ul><ul><li>We must ensure that our students acquire life-skills based on sound ergonomic practices </li></ul>
  46. 52. <ul><li>And now . . . . </li></ul>
  47. 53. <ul><li>Are you Smarter than Ribble and Bailey? </li></ul>
  48. 54. Ergonomics is the study of physical and psychological components of human work D. all of these C. at work B. at school A. at home
  49. 55. Answer is: D <ul><li>Backpacks, video gaming and computers are the main areas of ergonomic concern for children. </li></ul>
  50. 56. Which one of these is not an area of ergonomic concern for children? D. playground equipment C. video gaming B. computers A. backpacks
  51. 57. Answer is: D <ul><li>Ergonomics is the study of physical and psychological components of human work at home, at work, and at school. </li></ul>
  52. 58. In order to reduce strain on the body, all of these components should be adjusted for each individual except: D. Keyboard/Mouse C. Chair/Desk B. Power Switches A. Monitor/Screen
  53. 59. Answer is: B <ul><li>The monitor/screen, keyboard, mouse, chair, and table should be adjusted to fit each computer user. </li></ul>
  54. 60. Which of these health problems is not related to ergonomics? D. H1N1 virus (Swine Flu) C. Backaches and Muscle Spasms B. Eye strain and vision problems A. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  55. 61. Answer is: D <ul><li>Although the H1N1 virus can be spread by computer equipment that is not clean, it is not part of the ergonomics discussion. </li></ul>
  56. 62. Discussion Questions (as time permits) <ul><li>Are teachers modeling the healthy use of equipment? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we teach and advocate for </li></ul><ul><li>ergonomics to – students, parents, other teachers? </li></ul><ul><li>How is student achievement increased when a classroom or computer lab is ergonomically sound? </li></ul>
  57. 63. The PowerPoint presentation will be on my wiki. T H A N K Y O U !! Kati
  58. 65. Photos obtained from: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  59. 66. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  60. 67. <ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>