Factors affecting urbanization process         and how urbanization can be                            controlled
 Urbanization,  the process by which large  numbers of people become permanently  concentrated in relatively small areas,...
WorkersIndustrial     moved      Agriculturalrevolution   commercial    jobs less                hubs
 A country  is considered to urbanize when over 50  per cent of its population live in the urban areas  (Long 1998). An ...
Growing center for modern     Financial production and industry      servicesInternal commerce           Education and and...
Rural area            Urban areaEducation             High level ofHealth                educationSafe drinking water   Be...
(HABITAT 1996, Bilsborrow 1998).
Rural urban             migration            Population              growth Naturalgrowth ofurban pop                 recl...
Water   Air                            noisepollution            Environmental              pollution
food  trafficSolid waste
Housing and   unempoymenthealth         homelessness
povertycrime           unemployment
political attention.One problem is tointegrate land- andwater use planning toprovide food andwater security (UNEP1999).
90 million babies are borneach yearAt this rate, by the year2050, global populationwill reach 10 billion.
• Rapid population growth not only lessens                    available calorie supply from food per   Growing  demand for...
acid       co      precipitation                        acidity ofLead                         waters        photochemical...
Pollution due          to burning of               fuel          TrafficTraffic                   Respiratory jam         ...
Local water bodies                             are used as alack of sanitation and   dumping ground for  sewage treatment ...
 Solid waste management means proper  collection, transfer, recycling and disposal of  solid wastes. The people end up t...
.                 Industrial                 operation    Highway    Sources of noise    Air     traffic                  ...
 water  is not geographically equally divided  and seasonal changes are extensive. In Africa, 14 countries already exper...
• Environment-related                  diseases or accidents remainEnvironmental     among the major causes of  problems  ...
 Atleast once every five years, more than a half of the world’s population living in the cities with 100,000 or more inha...
. The houses are often small and overcrowded and          33 to 67 per also lack facilities      cent of the like; piped ...
Informal sector                  driving motorbike taxis,                  selling low-cost meals,                  drivin...
misemployment                 It means that a person                   might be full-time                employed, but the...
Lack of jobs                                     Inflation Unskilledpopulation                            unemployme      ...
Waste Recycling -Environmental      New Challenges of Implication         SustainabilityPolicy Responses  and Tools to    ...
Regional / Urban National planning to      planning to guidecontrol urbanization to     urbanization to  manageable levels...
•Socialism                 •People were not allowed Socialist                to permanently move from  model              ...
Factor that are because of urbanization
Factor that are because of urbanization
Factor that are because of urbanization
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Factor that are because of urbanization

1,400 views
1,219 views

Published on

it is based on factors that are because of urbanization and also discuss how to manages urbanization and models.

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,400
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
26
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Factor that are because of urbanization

  1. 1. Factors affecting urbanization process and how urbanization can be controlled
  2. 2.  Urbanization, the process by which large numbers of people become permanently concentrated in relatively small areas, forming cities. Natural increase of urbanization can occur if the natural population growth in the cities is higher than in the rural areas.
  3. 3. WorkersIndustrial moved Agriculturalrevolution commercial jobs less hubs
  4. 4.  A country is considered to urbanize when over 50 per cent of its population live in the urban areas (Long 1998). An urban area is spatial concentration of people who are working in non-agricultural activities.
  5. 5. Growing center for modern Financial production and industry servicesInternal commerce Education and and foreign trade govt.
  6. 6. Rural area Urban areaEducation High level ofHealth educationSafe drinking water Better facilities ofElectricity healthFresh Food Drinking waterEntertainment ElectricityJobs FoodLow income people. Entertainment Jobs opportunity High level of income
  7. 7. (HABITAT 1996, Bilsborrow 1998).
  8. 8. Rural urban migration Population growth Naturalgrowth ofurban pop reclassification
  9. 9. Water Air noisepollution Environmental pollution
  10. 10. food trafficSolid waste
  11. 11. Housing and unempoymenthealth homelessness
  12. 12. povertycrime unemployment
  13. 13. political attention.One problem is tointegrate land- andwater use planning toprovide food andwater security (UNEP1999).
  14. 14. 90 million babies are borneach yearAt this rate, by the year2050, global populationwill reach 10 billion.
  15. 15. • Rapid population growth not only lessens available calorie supply from food per Growing demand for person but also risks the present food food and production with pollution. facilities • Agricultural foodProblem to food • Industrial food production
  16. 16. acid co precipitation acidity ofLead waters photochemical pollutants
  17. 17. Pollution due to burning of fuel TrafficTraffic Respiratory jam diseases
  18. 18. Local water bodies are used as alack of sanitation and dumping ground for sewage treatment untreated water from urban areas.
  19. 19.  Solid waste management means proper collection, transfer, recycling and disposal of solid wastes. The people end up to the illegal dump on streets, open spaces, wastelands, drains or rivers. Sometimes they are collected to the land sites but the protection of water bodies and groundwater is not active (HABITAT 1996, Ogu 2000).
  20. 20. . Industrial operation Highway Sources of noise Air traffic crafts Construction activities
  21. 21.  water is not geographically equally divided and seasonal changes are extensive. In Africa, 14 countries already experience water stress or water shortage. Another 11 countries will join that list in the next 25 years (Somlyódy et al. 2001, Postel 1992). 20% of the world’s pop fall short to safe water
  22. 22. • Environment-related diseases or accidents remainEnvironmental among the major causes of problems illness, injury, and premature death.link between • Poor environment, housingenvironment and living conditions are the main reasons to theand health is diseases and poor health evident.
  23. 23.  Atleast once every five years, more than a half of the world’s population living in the cities with 100,000 or more inhabitants are victims of a crime of some kind. urban violence Only in Asia this is estimated to proportion is under grow 3 to 5 50 percent. percent every year
  24. 24. . The houses are often small and overcrowded and 33 to 67 per also lack facilities cent of the like; piped water population lives supplies, the in housing units removal of excreta that are in poor and solid wastes, condition. drainage and roads.
  25. 25. Informal sector driving motorbike taxis, selling low-cost meals, driving tuc-tucs (open taxis) or collecting garbage.
  26. 26. misemployment It means that a person might be full-time employed, but the task performed promotes little to social welfare.
  27. 27. Lack of jobs Inflation Unskilledpopulation unemployme Over nt population
  28. 28. Waste Recycling -Environmental New Challenges of Implication SustainabilityPolicy Responses and Tools to Poverty manage Urbanization
  29. 29. Regional / Urban National planning to planning to guidecontrol urbanization to urbanization to manageable levels manageable situation Tool to manage Intra-urban Participation,management to cope Partnership and with urbanization Governance problems
  30. 30. •Socialism •People were not allowed Socialist to permanently move from model the place of birth to urban area. •This method was not toSouth African control the migration of model single people but decrease migration with families

×