Evidence of engineering such as pyramids or aqueducts
Evidence of trade or interaction
Evidence of class systems
Towns and cities, layouts
First: Indentify your site Next: Select your site crew and excavation crew Then: Be sure to plan ahead and have all materials ready for excavation Finally: Begin your excavation!
Excavation is the process of looking under the ground at artifacts and the structure of the earth. Excavation involves digging and recording. Artifacts that are uncovered must then go through a process of identification.
Why is it important to identify and examine your findings? What might disrupt the site and why would that be such a bad thing? What if you find objects from another place such as Greece or Egypt in a Roman site? What does this tell us?
How did the past get underground? How do archaeologists find out the date of a site or objects in a site? Why is it important to know the dates?
As we go through this week, we must be sure to keep very detailed records of what we find. Why do you think this is important? What kinds of things should we keep a record of? Keep a journal of your findings! Everyone will get a field journal and record keeping forms to fill out with the information we dig up each day.
The site name
Photographs of objects as we uncover them
Objects we find
What the objects are made out of
The objects’ use
Name, type, identification
Location of the object within the site
Dimensions of the artifact
Preservation methods and needs
Features of the artifact
Remarks and theories
Sketch each artifact
What happens to artifacts once they are uncovered?
Once the artifacts are uncovered, preserved or conserved & interpreted… What happens next?? Our artifacts will be displayed at the museum in an exhibit created by YOU!
to advocate the preservation of cultural resources
The past was created by individuals with links to many levels, among humanity. The past belongs to everyone, because we are all humans. The past teaches universal lessons. It is essential that we ensure the survival of artifacts and relics of our past .
What will archaeologists say about you and your culture in the future?