WW2

31,356 views

Published on

WWII powerpoint for World History

1 Comment
34 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
31,356
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
390
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2,137
Comments
1
Likes
34
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

WW2

  1. 1. Quick Facts: A. War Costs 1. US Debt 1940 - $9 billion US Debt 1945 - $98 billion • The war cost $330 billion -- 10 times the cost of WWI & as much as all previous federal spending since 1776
  2. 2. Quick Facts B. Human Costs
  3. 3. Quick Facts: B. Human Costs 1. 50 million people died (compared to 15 million in WWI) • 21.3 million Russians (7.7 million civilians) • 11 million died as a result of the HOLOCAUST (6 million Jews + 5 million others)
  4. 4. When? •1939-1945 •US involvement 1941-1945 1939 1941 1945 Sept.1 - Sept. 3 Dec. 7 – May - Sept. - Germany -Britain & Japan bombs Germans Atomic invades France Pearl Harbor; Surrender Bombing Poland declare US enters the of (official war on War Hiroshima start to the Germany & war) Nagasaki, Japanese Surrender
  5. 5. Who? Allies Axis (major powers) (major powers) Great Britain Germany Russia Italy United States Japan France (note: France surrendered to Germany in 1940 (after 6 weeks of fighting)
  6. 6. • “He who wants to live must fight, and he who does not want to fight in this world, where eternal struggle is the law of life, has no right to exist.” » Mein Kampf (My Struggle) » Adolf Hitler
  7. 7. The Rise of Dictators • Ruthless people rose to power in the 1920’s and 1930’s • Some Europeans resented terms of Treaty of Versailles – Germans had to take full responsibility of WWI – Pay billions of dollars in reparation to allies – Disarm completely – Give up all overseas colonies and some territory in Europe – Carved up Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires to create several European countries (borders were later disputed) – League of Nations was part of the Treaty
  8. 8. The Players • Germany – • Italy – • Japan- • Soviet Union – • United States –
  9. 9. Germany – Adolf Hitler -Nazism
  10. 10. Adolf Hitler
  11. 11. Italy – Benito Mussolini -Fascism
  12. 12. Japan- Emperor Hirohito- Constitutional Monarchy
  13. 13. Soviet Union – Joseph Stalin –Communism
  14. 14. United States – Franklin D. Roosevelt -Democracy
  15. 15. • Hitler's Rise to Power
  16. 16. • Established totalitarian rule – A single party and its leader suppress all opposition and control all aspects of people’s lives • Believed Germans had a right to expand its territory, needed lebensraum -living space • Rebuilt Germany’s military- going against the treaty • Made an alliance with Italy to support his expansion plans
  17. 17. Benito Mussolini
  18. 18. Italy • Benito Mussolini – Appealed to those who felt they had not won enough from the Treaty of Versailles – Made fascism popular in Italy • Control over a country’s economic and political system – His fascist party became so strong he forced the king of Italy to declare him ruler of the government
  19. 19. – He banned all political parties but fascism – Ended all democratic rule, no civil liberties or free press – Children were enrolled in military organizations, taught loyalty to regime – Began attacking and annexing neighboring lands, Ethiopia, Albania…withdrew from the League of Nations
  20. 20. Emperor Hirohito
  21. 21. Japan • Japanese grew frustrated during the depression • Military leaders rose to power in the 1930’s • These leaders thought they could solve Japan’s problems by expanding their power into Asia • 1931 attacked Manchuria, China • League condemned the act, but took no action • Slowly took over most of China • 1940 signed a pact of alliance with Germany and Italy to form the “Axis”
  22. 22. • Japan invades China
  23. 23. Joseph Stalin
  24. 24. Soviet Union • Late 1920’s Joseph Stalin rose to power • Communist leader • Demanded complete obedience from his people • Got his through force • Executed rivals and those thousands suspected of supporting his rivals • Sent millions to Russian labor camps • Reorganized nations economy, forcing millions to work on government owned farms
  25. 25. • Joseph Stalin
  26. 26. Franklin D. Roosevelt
  27. 27. The United States of America • Most Americans wanted to avoid involvement in foreign affairs • Congress passed Neutrality Acts between 1935 and 1937 – Banned the sale of weapons to nations at war – Restricted trade to nations on a cash only basis (WWI debt from European countries remained unpaid)
  28. 28. Hitler Begins • Rhineland – March 1936 Begins march – German territory west of the Rhine River – Considered a neutral zone by the treaty – German soldiers prohibited in area – France and Britain protested, but did nothing else
  29. 29. • Sudetenland (area of Czechoslovakia) – Many German speaking people lived here – Falsely claimed these people were being persecuted – Czechs did not want to be annexed; Britain & France sought peaceful solution – Leaders of Germany, Italy, France, Great Britain met in Munich
  30. 30. Sudetenland
  31. 31. The Munich Pact – Czechs did not want to be annexed; Britain & France sought peaceful solution – Leaders of Germany, Italy, France, Great Britain met in Munich – France and Britain wanted to avoid war – Let Germany have the Sudetenland; appeasement
  32. 32. The Munich Pact – In return, Germany could not expand farther. – Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister, cheered – March, 1939, Germany invaded Czechoslovakia – World is realizing Hitler cannot be trusted
  33. 33. Munich Pact
  34. 34. Nazi-Soviet Pact • Germany making plans to invade Poland • Poland bordered Russia • Hitler did not want to anger Stalin, yet. • Both signed Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact- August 1939 • 2 leaders pledged not to attack each other • Agreed to divide Poland • Pact shocked the world
  35. 35. Nazi-Soviet Pact
  36. 36. War in Europe Hitler sends Great Britain & Troops to France declare Poland War on Germany 9-1-39 9-3-39
  37. 37. The Attack • Swift and Fierce • Planes bombed • Machine guns got their targets • Tanks blasted holes in Polish defenses • Thousands of German soldiers crossed into Poland
  38. 38. Blitzkrieg • Lightning War – The German offensive way of fighting – Moving in quickly, forcefully, from all sides
  39. 39. Battle of Britain: The “Blitz”
  40. 40. Battle of Britain: The “Blitz”
  41. 41. The London “Tube”: Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz
  42. 42. The Royal Air Force
  43. 43. The Atlantic Charter Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941. Solidifies alliance. Fashioned after Wilson’s 14 Points. Calls for League of Nations type
  44. 44. Pearl Harbor
  45. 45. Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit of a Japanese Pilot
  46. 46. Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy!
  47. 47. President Roosevelt Signs the US Declaration of War
  48. 48. USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor
  49. 49. Pearl Harbor Memorial 2,887 Americans Dead!
  50. 50. Operation Barbarossa: Hitler’s Biggest Mistake
  51. 51. Operation Barbarossa: June 22, 1941 3,000,000 German soldiers. 3,400 tanks.
  52. 52. The “Big Three” Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin
  53. 53. Axis Powers in 1942
  54. 54. Gen. Eisenhower Gives the Orders for D-Day [“Operation Overlord”]
  55. 55. D-Day (June 6, 1944)
  56. 56. Normandy Landing (June 6, 1944) German Prisoners Higgins Landing Crafts
  57. 57. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed
  58. 58. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Entrance to Auschwitz: Work Makes You Free Crematoria at Majdanek
  59. 59. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Eli Wiesel Slave Labor at Buchenwald
  60. 60. Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Mass Graves at Bergen-Belsen
  61. 61. Hitler’s “Secret Weapons”: Too Little, Too Late! V-1 Rocket: “Buzz Bomb” V-2 Rocket Werner von Braun
  62. 62. Hitler Commits Suicide April 30, 1945 Cyanide & Pistols The Führer’s Bunker Mr. & Mrs. Hitler
  63. 63. V-E Day (May 8, 1945) General Keitel
  64. 64. V-E Day (May 8, 1945)
  65. 65. Potsdam Conference: July, 1945 FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference. Stalin only original. The United States has the A-bomb. Allies agree Germany is to be divided into occupation zones Poland moved P.M. Clement President Joseph Atlee Truman Stalin around to suit the Soviets.
  66. 66. The Manhattan Project: Los Alamos, NM I am become Major General Lesley R. Groves death, the shatterer Dr. Robert Oppenheimer of worlds!
  67. 67. Tinian Island, 1945 Little Boy Fat Man Enola Gay Crew
  68. 68. Col. Paul Tibbets & the A-Bomb
  69. 69. Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 © 70,000 killed immediately. © 48,000 buildings. destroyed. © 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
  70. 70. The Beginning of the Atomic Age
  71. 71. Nagasaki – August 9, 1945 © 40,000 killed immediately. © 60,000 injured. © 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later.
  72. 72. Japanese A-Bomb Survivors
  73. 73. Hiroshima Memorials
  74. 74. V-J Day (September 2, 1945) Mus. fton.k12.wi.us/highschool/schill/ushistory/WWII%20terms/WWII%20terms_
  75. 75. WW II Casualties: Europe Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
  76. 76. WW II Casualties: Asia Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations
  77. 77. Country Men in war Battle deaths Wounded WW II Australia 1,000,000 26,976 180,864 Austria 800,000 280,000 350,117 Belgium 625,000 8,460 55,5131 Brazil2 40,334 943 4,222 Bulgaria Canada 339,760 1,086,3437 6,671 42,0427 21,878 53,145 Casualties China3 17,250,521 1,324,516 1,762,006 1. Civilians only. Czechoslovakia — 6,6834 8,017 2. Army and navy figures. Denmark — 4,339 — 3. Figures cover period July 7, Finland 500,000 79,047 50,000 1937 to Sept. 2, 1945, France — 201,568 400,000 and concern only Chinese Germany 20,000,000 3,250,0004 7,250,000 regular troops. They do not Greece — 17,024 47,290 include casualties suffered Hungary — 147,435 89,313 by guerrillas and local military corps. India 2,393,891 32,121 64,354 4. Deaths from all causes. Italy 3,100,000 149,4964 66,716 5. Against Soviet Russia; Japan 9,700,000 1,270,000 140,000 385,847 Netherlands 280,000 6,500 2,860 against Nazi Germany. New Zealand 194,000 11,6254 17,000 6. Against Soviet Russia; Norway 75,000 2,000 — 169,822 against Nazi Germany. Poland — 664,000 530,000 7. National Defense Ctr., Romania 650,0005 350,0006 — Canadian South Africa 410,056 2,473 — Forces Hq., Director of U.S.S.R. — 6,115,0004 14,012,000 History. United Kingdom 5,896,000 357,1164 369,267 United States 16,112,566 291,557 670,846 Yugoslavia 3,741,000 305,000 425,000
  78. 78. Massive Human Dislocations
  79. 79. The U.S. & the U.S.S.R. Emerged as the Two Super powers of the later 20c
  80. 80. The Creation of the U. N.
  81. 81. The Nuremberg War Trials: Crimes Against Humanity
  82. 82. The Emergence of Third World Nationalist Movements
  83. 83. The De-Colonization of European Empires

×