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Vietnam Room to Read presentation

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Presentation given by Truc Nguyen Tan Thanh from Vietnam's Room to Read program -- at Hands on Literacy 2010 in Singapore

Presentation given by Truc Nguyen Tan Thanh from Vietnam's Room to Read program -- at Hands on Literacy 2010 in Singapore

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  • 1. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Efforts to Give Back: The Role of School Libraries in Vietnam Education Hands on Literacy Conference Singapore – November 13, 2010 Presented by Nguyen Tan Thanh Truc (MLIS), Room to Read Vietnam
  • 2. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Presentation Overview • Barriers to establishing a reading culture in Vietnam • Room to Read’s current efforts to address these barriers • Moving forward – Next Steps
  • 3. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® What are the barriers to establishing a reading culture in Vietnam?
  • 4. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #1 – Primary Education System: General • There is no common message between educators and the government authority to value libraries as “the heart of the school and community.” • Existing curriculum gives no time for free reading activities, and relies heavily on textbooks instead. • Educators lack knowledge of children’s literature and how to select appropriate books for children to read. • No budget and few options available when selecting books for school library • High student/teacher ratio in classrooms • Half-day schooling Result: School libraries are not sufficiently valued in Vietnam.
  • 5. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #1 – Primary Education System: School Libraries There are many school libraries in Vietnam’s Education System: Regions Total # of schools Total # of school libraries/book corners % of schools with libraries/book corners North 14,272 12,927 90.6% Middle 3,272 2,839 86.8% South 9,997 8,980 89.9% TOTAL 27,541 24,746 89.9% However, the quality and use of these school libraries is questionable.
  • 6. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #1 – Primary Education System: School Libraries – cont. Current school libraries lack: • Clear definition of purpose, roles and functions • Quality materials and infrastructure, including space and furniture • Trained librarians – initial training and ongoing support: • Library work often falls to teachers who have teaching responsibilities and who lack necessary education and training • Library activities • Network and resource sharing • Ability to promote reading to children, teachers and parents. Result: School libraries are not fully functional in Vietnam.
  • 7. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #2 – Current Library System • No existing policies in place to support reading culture • Inadequate financial investment • Large disparity between rural and urban public libraries in regards to access and available resources • Academic libraries do not provide enough useful resources, and specialized libraries are slow to innovate Result: Decline in library use in Vietnam.
  • 8. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #3 – Lack of Quality Children’s Books & Materials • Very few authors and illustrators writing for children • Available books and materials are usually translated • Focus is on illustrations and not words/text • Lack of research on children’s reading needs and interests • Book leveling – no cooperation between educators and publishers • Large access disparity between urban and rural areas Result: Poor quality and low quantity of children’s books in Vietnam.
  • 9. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #4 – Lack of Family & Community Involvement • Illiterate parents • No habit of parents regularly reading stories with children at home: – Reading is not a priority – time and space are not available in home or community • Low income makes it difficult to purchase books • Lack of knowledge on how and where to access books • Other habits have greater priority - watching television, reading news and playing games online • Currently no national day for reading promotion in the community Result: Reading is not a priority in the home or the community.
  • 10. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read’s efforts to address these barriers
  • 11. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting School Libraries • Since 2003, Room to Read (RtR) has launched 467 libraries in Vietnam primary schools; an additional 100 will be established in 2011. • RtR supports these libraries over a three-year period, including teacher and librarian training and ongoing professional development. • Local community needs inform the type of library selected for a given school, whether it is a mobile, separate, constructed or classroom library model.
  • 12. Renovated Reading Room Mobile Reading Room Classroom Library Constructed Reading Room – Inside and Outside
  • 13. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting School Libraries – cont. • Books and Materials: – Local language publishing program that creates quality children’s books and materials to fill gaps in the current market. – Sourcing existing quality children’s books for all libraries that are developmentally and culturally appropriate. – Between 3-5 books provided per student. – Books are classified by reading level. • Library Infrastructure: – Special attention is given to library furniture, layout and design so that each library is inviting and accessible by all children.
  • 14. Display book shelves in RRs Art corner in a CRRDecoration in a renovated RR’s wall A book shelve in CL
  • 15. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting School Libraries – cont. • Teacher and Librarian Training: – Designed by professional librarians internationally and reviewed and adapted by Vietnamese teachers and librarians to reflect Vietnam context and needs. – Utilizes Train-the-Trainer model in partnership with BoET, DoET and local community partners. – Targets school librarians, teachers and headmasters. – Includes how to initially set-up library, manage the library and deliver engaging literacy activities for students. – Works with schools on developing long-term sustainability strategies for the library beyond RtR’s 3- year support cycle.
  • 16. Some images on teachers and librarians’ training courses
  • 17. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting Vietnam’s Education System • Working in partnership with BoET and DoET, RtR has: – Provided training and professional development activities for headmasters, teachers and librarians – Advocated for a designated reading period in all schools – Increased family and community awareness and involvement – Provided ongoing monitoring and support of libraries – Provided long-term sustainability of libraries
  • 18. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting Family & Community Involvement • Annual ceremony for International Literacy Day combined with the Opening School Year Day: – Raises awareness on the importance of reading and school libraries and involves local authorities, public libraries, DoET leaders, headmasters, parents, teachers and students. • Annual reading and writing contest for children: – Provides opportunities for creative, imaginative and logical thinking and writing and involves DoET officers, authors and illustrators, headmasters, parents, teachers and students. • Summer reading programs at schools: – Increases time children can access books for reading during school break and involves local authority, BoET leaders, parents, teachers and students, news media, youth volunteer clubs and women clubs.
  • 19. Art corner in a CRR Reading Day 2010.
  • 20. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Moving forward – Next Steps
  • 21. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Next Steps at Room to Read Vietnam • In 2011, RtR Vietnam will be focusing on: – Establishing reading periods in all schools supported by RtR – Increasing family and community engagement through events, summer program activities and targeted marketing campaigns – Improving teacher and librarian training and ongoing professional development support, specifically on children’s habit of reading, book leveling/classification and reading period
  • 22. Bring a book to a child, create a lifelong learner for Vietnam’s Future
  • 23. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Thank you! For more information about Room to Read: www.roomtoread.org My contact information: truc.nguyen@roomtoread.org

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