Vietnam Room to Read presentation

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Presentation given by Truc Nguyen Tan Thanh from Vietnam's Room to Read program -- at Hands on Literacy 2010 in Singapore

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Vietnam Room to Read presentation

  1. 1. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Efforts to Give Back: The Role of School Libraries in Vietnam Education Hands on Literacy Conference Singapore – November 13, 2010 Presented by Nguyen Tan Thanh Truc (MLIS), Room to Read Vietnam
  2. 2. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Presentation Overview • Barriers to establishing a reading culture in Vietnam • Room to Read’s current efforts to address these barriers • Moving forward – Next Steps
  3. 3. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® What are the barriers to establishing a reading culture in Vietnam?
  4. 4. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #1 – Primary Education System: General • There is no common message between educators and the government authority to value libraries as “the heart of the school and community.” • Existing curriculum gives no time for free reading activities, and relies heavily on textbooks instead. • Educators lack knowledge of children’s literature and how to select appropriate books for children to read. • No budget and few options available when selecting books for school library • High student/teacher ratio in classrooms • Half-day schooling Result: School libraries are not sufficiently valued in Vietnam.
  5. 5. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #1 – Primary Education System: School Libraries There are many school libraries in Vietnam’s Education System: Regions Total # of schools Total # of school libraries/book corners % of schools with libraries/book corners North 14,272 12,927 90.6% Middle 3,272 2,839 86.8% South 9,997 8,980 89.9% TOTAL 27,541 24,746 89.9% However, the quality and use of these school libraries is questionable.
  6. 6. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #1 – Primary Education System: School Libraries – cont. Current school libraries lack: • Clear definition of purpose, roles and functions • Quality materials and infrastructure, including space and furniture • Trained librarians – initial training and ongoing support: • Library work often falls to teachers who have teaching responsibilities and who lack necessary education and training • Library activities • Network and resource sharing • Ability to promote reading to children, teachers and parents. Result: School libraries are not fully functional in Vietnam.
  7. 7. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #2 – Current Library System • No existing policies in place to support reading culture • Inadequate financial investment • Large disparity between rural and urban public libraries in regards to access and available resources • Academic libraries do not provide enough useful resources, and specialized libraries are slow to innovate Result: Decline in library use in Vietnam.
  8. 8. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #3 – Lack of Quality Children’s Books & Materials • Very few authors and illustrators writing for children • Available books and materials are usually translated • Focus is on illustrations and not words/text • Lack of research on children’s reading needs and interests • Book leveling – no cooperation between educators and publishers • Large access disparity between urban and rural areas Result: Poor quality and low quantity of children’s books in Vietnam.
  9. 9. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Barrier #4 – Lack of Family & Community Involvement • Illiterate parents • No habit of parents regularly reading stories with children at home: – Reading is not a priority – time and space are not available in home or community • Low income makes it difficult to purchase books • Lack of knowledge on how and where to access books • Other habits have greater priority - watching television, reading news and playing games online • Currently no national day for reading promotion in the community Result: Reading is not a priority in the home or the community.
  10. 10. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read’s efforts to address these barriers
  11. 11. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting School Libraries • Since 2003, Room to Read (RtR) has launched 467 libraries in Vietnam primary schools; an additional 100 will be established in 2011. • RtR supports these libraries over a three-year period, including teacher and librarian training and ongoing professional development. • Local community needs inform the type of library selected for a given school, whether it is a mobile, separate, constructed or classroom library model.
  12. 12. Renovated Reading Room Mobile Reading Room Classroom Library Constructed Reading Room – Inside and Outside
  13. 13. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting School Libraries – cont. • Books and Materials: – Local language publishing program that creates quality children’s books and materials to fill gaps in the current market. – Sourcing existing quality children’s books for all libraries that are developmentally and culturally appropriate. – Between 3-5 books provided per student. – Books are classified by reading level. • Library Infrastructure: – Special attention is given to library furniture, layout and design so that each library is inviting and accessible by all children.
  14. 14. Display book shelves in RRs Art corner in a CRRDecoration in a renovated RR’s wall A book shelve in CL
  15. 15. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting School Libraries – cont. • Teacher and Librarian Training: – Designed by professional librarians internationally and reviewed and adapted by Vietnamese teachers and librarians to reflect Vietnam context and needs. – Utilizes Train-the-Trainer model in partnership with BoET, DoET and local community partners. – Targets school librarians, teachers and headmasters. – Includes how to initially set-up library, manage the library and deliver engaging literacy activities for students. – Works with schools on developing long-term sustainability strategies for the library beyond RtR’s 3- year support cycle.
  16. 16. Some images on teachers and librarians’ training courses
  17. 17. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting Vietnam’s Education System • Working in partnership with BoET and DoET, RtR has: – Provided training and professional development activities for headmasters, teachers and librarians – Advocated for a designated reading period in all schools – Increased family and community awareness and involvement – Provided ongoing monitoring and support of libraries – Provided long-term sustainability of libraries
  18. 18. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Room to Read – Supporting Family & Community Involvement • Annual ceremony for International Literacy Day combined with the Opening School Year Day: – Raises awareness on the importance of reading and school libraries and involves local authorities, public libraries, DoET leaders, headmasters, parents, teachers and students. • Annual reading and writing contest for children: – Provides opportunities for creative, imaginative and logical thinking and writing and involves DoET officers, authors and illustrators, headmasters, parents, teachers and students. • Summer reading programs at schools: – Increases time children can access books for reading during school break and involves local authority, BoET leaders, parents, teachers and students, news media, youth volunteer clubs and women clubs.
  19. 19. Art corner in a CRR Reading Day 2010.
  20. 20. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Moving forward – Next Steps
  21. 21. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Next Steps at Room to Read Vietnam • In 2011, RtR Vietnam will be focusing on: – Establishing reading periods in all schools supported by RtR – Increasing family and community engagement through events, summer program activities and targeted marketing campaigns – Improving teacher and librarian training and ongoing professional development support, specifically on children’s habit of reading, book leveling/classification and reading period
  22. 22. Bring a book to a child, create a lifelong learner for Vietnam’s Future
  23. 23. World Change Starts with Educated Children.® Thank you! For more information about Room to Read: www.roomtoread.org My contact information: truc.nguyen@roomtoread.org
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