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# SC 6 5.7 simple machines-powerpoint

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A week-long powerpoint I used to teach my 6th grade students about Simple Machines! Modify it as you please.

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### SC 6 5.7 simple machines-powerpoint

1. 1. Just Do It• What is the purpose of a ramp?• You’re nailing a nail into a big board, but the nail bends. How will you remove it from the board?• What do an axe, a knife, and a fork all have in common?
2. 2. Just Do It: Copy This TableSimple Purpose and Notes ExamplesMachineInclined PlaneLeverPulleyWedgeWheel andAxleScrew
3. 3. Standard6-5.7 Explain how the design of simple machines (including levers, pulleys, and inclined planes) helps reduce the amount of force required to do work.
4. 4. A simple machine is amachine that helps youdo work by changingthe amount or directionof the force you apply.
5. 5. At the end of this activity:You will write a paragraph that describes and gives examples of the 6 simple machines.
6. 6. Let‟s Learn Together: Gallery Walk Rules  Stay with your group.  Do NOT leave before time is called  Do not linger at a site after time is called  Use your “secret voices”  Copy down notes until time is called.  If you finish early, do not leave your area or speak louder than a whisper!
7. 7. The 6 Simple Machines Inclined plane Wedge Lever screwpulley Wheel & Axle
8. 8. Make Notes!Print a copy of the data sheet for notes on this presentation by clicking the pencil below.
9. 9. The Inclined PlaneAn inclined plane is a flat surface that is higher on one end. You can use this machine to move an object to a lower or higher place.Inclined planes make the work of moving things easier. You would need less energy and force to move objects with an inclined plane.
10. 10. The Inclined PlaneExamples of Inclined Planes:RampSlanted RoadPath up a HillSlide
11. 11. The ScrewA screw is a simple machine that is made from another simple machine. It is actually an inclined plane that winds around itself.A screw has ridges and is not smooth like a nail. Some screws are used to lower and raise things. They are also used to hold objects together.
12. 12. The ScrewExamples of the screw:Jar LidsLight BulbsStoolsClampsJacksWrenchesKey RingsSpiral Staircase
13. 13. LeverA lever is a board or bar that rests on a turning point. This turning point is called the fulcrum.An object that a lever moves is called the load. The closer the object is to the fulcrum, the easier it is to move.
14. 14. LeverExamples of the lever:A hammer is a lever when it is used to pull a nail out of a piece of wood.Bottle openersCrow bars
15. 15. PulleyThis simple machine is made up of a wheel and a rope. The rope fits on the groove of the wheel.One part of the rope is attached to the load. When you pull on one side of the pulley, the wheel turns and the load will move.Pulleys let you move loads up, down, or sideways. Pulleys are good for moving objects to hard to reach places. It also makes the work of moving heavy loads a lot easier.
16. 16. PulleyExamples of where pulleys can be used: Flag Poles Clothes Lines Sailboat Blinds Crane
17. 17. Wheel and AxleYou have probably seen a wheel and axle on a car. The axle turns when you put force on the wheel.The axle is a rod that goes through the wheel. This lets the wheel turn. It is easy to move things from place to place with wheels and axles.
18. 18. Wheel and AxleExamples of Wheels and Axles:CarsRoller SkatesWagonsDoor KnobsGears in Watches, Clocks, and Bicycles
19. 19. WedgeA wedge is a simple machine used to push two objects apart. A wedge is made up of two inclined planes. These planes meet and form a sharp edge. This edge can split things apart.
20. 20. WedgeExamples of wedges:KnivesAxesForksNails
21. 21. ResourcesSimple Machine QuizInventorsToolbox: The Elements of MachinesSimple Machine Learning SiteSimple Machines
22. 22. Exit Slip: WritingAssignmentChoose one of the simple machines.Write a paragraph describing it and giving examples.
23. 23. Just Do ItMs. Moye tells you that she would like a 3 page reading report in her class, and it is due in 3 weeks. Mr. Hilton tells you he also wants a 3 page reading report for his class, but it is due tomorrow. Which assignment is easier to complete? Why? Bonus: What is the definition of a simple machine?
24. 24. ReviewWhat are the 6 types of simple machines?Can you name at least one example of each?
25. 25. Simple machines make work easier byspreading it out!
26. 26. The PulleyCopy the following words and leave several lines in your binder to take notes on these words. Fixed Pulley: Moveable Pulley: Block and Tackle:
27. 27. Three Types of Pulleys Fixed pulley: a pulley that is attached to a load. It only changes the direction of the effort Moveable pulley: a pulley that moves with the object being moved. The effort required to lift the load is cut in half. Block and Tackle: a combination of pulleys
28. 28. What kind of Pulley?
29. 29. What kind of Pulley?
30. 30. What kind of Pulley?
31. 31. The Lever Draw the following image: As the video plays, label your picture with these words: fulcrum, effort force, load, resistance arm, effort arm
32. 32. Where is the Fulcrum?
33. 33. Where is the Effort?
34. 34. Where is the Fulcrum?
35. 35. Where is the Resistance Arm?
36. 36. The Inclined Plane Inclined planes make it easier to _______________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ ___________________. The best way to get a bicycle up a steep hill is to _____________________________.
37. 37. The Inclined Plane Inclined planes make it easier to…  Get up a mountain  Clear housetops of snow and rain The best way to get a bicycle up a steep hill is to ______________________________.
38. 38. Where are the Inclined Planes?
39. 39. Where arethe InclinedPlanes?
40. 40. What did youLEARN?Number your paper 1-8
41. 41. What Is It?
42. 42. What Is It?
43. 43. What Is It?
44. 44. What Is It?
45. 45. What Is It?
46. 46. What Is It?
47. 47. What Is It?
48. 48. What Is It?
49. 49. Just DO ItChoose a simple machines.Write a paragraph describing it and giving examples.BONUS: Illustrate your paragraph!
50. 50. Vocabulary A _________ is a grooved -----_______ with a rope running along the groove. ___________ _____________ is the force required to lift an object A ______________ ____________ is used to measure the force of gravity on an object.
51. 51. Key Ideas Pulleys can change the __________ and ________ of the force required to lift an object.  What kind of pulley(s) changes only the direction of the force required? _____________________________________  What kind of pulley(s) changes the direction and amount of force required? _____________________________________
52. 52.  Moveable pulleys are used to reduce __________ force. When the distance the effort force covers is ________________ relative to the distance the weight moves, effort force required to lift an object can be _______________.
53. 53. HypothesisWhich pulley system(s) do you think will reduce the force required to do work?
54. 54. Data and AnalysisPulley System Weight of Object Force Required Force Lifted (g) to Lift Object (N) Required to Lift Object with the PULLEYFixed PulleyMoveable PulleyBlock and Tackle
56. 56. Pulley Distance Traveled Distance TraveledSystem by Effort Force by Object LiftedFixed PulleyMoveablePulleyBlock andTackle
58. 58. Exit Slip If you were told to make a flagpole using a pulley system to raise the flag, what type of pulley would you install? Why? Explain in four sentences or more how force, distance, and pulleys are related.
59. 59. Inclined Planes
60. 60. Just DO It! List the 6 simple machines. Give one example of each.
61. 61.  An ____________________ _______________ is a sloping surface, like a ramp, that reduces the amount of force required to lift an object.
62. 62.  A ___________________ ___________________ is used to measure the force of gravity on an object.
63. 63.  An inclined plane can reduce the force needed to lift an object in two ways:  Increase the ___________ of the ______________ OR…  Decrease the ____________ of the _____________
64. 64. Object Force Distance Force Distance Required to object required to object Lift straight traveled lift with an traveled up with lift inclined with straight up plane inclined planea.b.c.
65. 65. Questions…
66. 66. Just Do ItIn at least three sentences, explain why thismountain road might not go straight up themountain. Include key words: work, force, distance,inclined plane BONUS: Draw a lever and label all its parts!
67. 67. Agenda Just Do It: 5 Key Ideas about Levers: 5 Lever Demonstration and Questions: 11 Practice with Lever Questions: 5 Science Fair Work: 25 Conclusion: 4
68. 68. Standard6-5.7 Explain how the design of simple machines (including levers, pulleys, and inclined planes) helps reduce the amount of force required to do work
69. 69. LeversA ___________________ is a rigid bar or board that is free to move around a fixed point called a ________________.
70. 70. A lever can be designed to reduce force required to lift an object in two ways:  By ______________________ the distance from the ____________ to the point where the effort force is applied  By _____________________ the distance the ____________ is from the fulcrum
71. 71.  Is it easier to lift the box of books when the fulcrum is in the center of the board, or when the fulcrum is at the end of the board closest to the box? Is it easier to lift the box of books when you apply a force on the effort arm near the fulcrum, or far away from the fulcrum? Name one way you couldchange this lever to reducethe effort force required to liftthe load.
72. 72. Final Key PointBy increasing the distance the effort force moves relative to the distance the weight moves, a lever can reduce the effort force needed to lift an object.
73. 73. How are we doing? Name two ways this young lady could reduce the force required to lift this heavy box. Illustrate one way in your notes!
74. 74. It‟s Science Fair Time! Overview of Project– Question: 2 minutes Review of Vocabulary: 5 minutes Hypothesis: 4 minutes Materials: 4 minutes Procedure: 10 minutes
75. 75. QuestionHow does the mass of an object affect the force required to lift that object up an inclined plane? How can we test this question???
76. 76. HypothesisWhat do you think the answer to our question is? Make an educated guess! How does the mass of an object affect the force required to lift that object up an inclined plane?
77. 77. Materials What will we need to conduct this experiment? Take note of materials Ms. Brown provides to you
78. 78. Procedure  Write every step!  Think about our peanut butter and jelly demonstration from the beginning of the year  Use complete sentences.  Use your best grammar and spelling  Staple an additional sheet onto this sheet if necessary.
79. 79. Results How will you organize your data? Make one table or chart that we could use to organize all of the data.
80. 80. Conclusion:Was our hypothesis correct? What did we learn? Why does this matter in real life?
81. 81. Just Do It Use complete sentences to tell me about your Christmas break! Include and underline at least 10 key vocabulary words we‟ve studied this year. Example: Over break, I observed 12 inches of precipitation (snow) in my backyard! The snow came from low-hanging stratus clouds.
82. 82. Agenda Just Do It: 9 minutes Review of Simple Machines: 12 minutes Science Fair Projects: Review and Conclusion 25 minutes Wrap Up:
83. 83. Review: Simple Machines Speed Review: 1 minute per machine  Write the name of the simple machine  Write one key point about that machine  Time-Permitting, draw an example
84. 84. The Inclined PlaneAn inclined plane is a flat surface that is higher on one end. You can use this machine to move an object to a lower or higher place.Inclined planes make the work of moving things easier. You would need less energy and force to move objects with an inclined plane.
85. 85. The Inclined PlaneExamples of Inclined Planes:RampSlanted RoadPath up a HillSlide
86. 86. The ScrewA screw is a simple machine that is made from another simple machine. It is actually an inclined plane that winds around itself.A screw has ridges and is not smooth like a nail. Some screws are used to lower and raise things. They are also used to hold objects together.
87. 87. The ScrewExamples of the screw:Jar LidsLight BulbsStoolsClampsJacksWrenchesKey RingsSpiral Staircase
88. 88. LeverA lever is a board or bar that rests on a turning point. This turning point is called the fulcrum.An object that a lever moves is called the load. The closer the object is to the fulcrum, the easier it is to move.
89. 89. LeverExamples of the lever:A hammer is a lever when it is used to pull a nail out of a piece of wood.Bottle openersCrow bars
90. 90. PulleyThis simple machine is made up of a wheel and a rope. The rope fits on the groove of the wheel.One part of the rope is attached to the load. When you pull on one side of the pulley, the wheel turns and the load will move.Pulleys let you move loads up, down, or sideways. Pulleys are good for moving objects to hard to reach places. It also makes the work of moving heavy loads a lot easier.
91. 91. PulleyExamples of where pulleys can be used: Flag Poles Clothes Lines Sailboat Blinds Crane
92. 92. Wheel and AxleYou have probably seen a wheel and axle on a car. The axle turns when you put force on the wheel.The axle is a rod that goes through the wheel. This lets the wheel turn. It is easy to move things from place to place with wheels and axles.
93. 93. Wheel and AxleExamples of Wheels and Axles:CarsRoller SkatesWagonsDoor KnobsGears in Watches, Clocks, and Bicycles
94. 94. WedgeA wedge is a simple machine used to push two objects apart. A wedge is made up of two inclined planes. These planes meet and form a sharp edge. This edge can split things apart.
95. 95. WedgeExamples of wedges:KnivesAxesForksNails
96. 96. Science Fair Projects:Review and Conclusion
97. 97.  In conclusion, I found that my hypothesis was _____________. I predicted that _________________________________ _______________, and my results show ________________________________. I learned _________________________ ______________. This could be helpful because _________________________.
98. 98. Exit Ticket Make a T-chart. Label the left side “I get it” and the right side “I need a Review”. Put each of the following in its appropriate column:  Heat, solar, chemical, and mechanical, and electrical energy  Energy transformations  Potential and kinetic energy  The Law of Conservation of Energy  Electromagnets, Generators, and Motors  Energy Transformations  Heat Transfer  Work, force, and motion  Simple Machines
99. 99. Just Do ItPick three topics from the list below which you would like toreview before our final and cumulative TEST next week. Heat, solar, chemical, and mechanical, and electrical energy Energy transformations Potential and kinetic energy The Law of Conservation of Energy Electromagnets, Generators, and Motors Heat Transfer Work, force, and motion Simple Machines
100. 100. Science Fair Projects! Guidelines for Group Work:  Following directions wins  Positive team work wins  Going above and beyond wins The „winning-est‟ team will receive a team PRIZE! The best class work will be compiled and used for our class poster
101. 101. Conclusion: Test REVIEW Draw one example of each kind of energy listed below:  Heat  Solar  Chemical  Mechanical  Electrical BONUS: Illustrate one way electrical energy is transformed to heat energy (A toaster, is one example. You find another example!)
102. 102. Just Do It List as many everyday tools or objects that are made up of simple machines as you can think of. Here are some ideas to get you started:  Door Stopper (inclined plane)  Knife (wedge)  Scissors (lever, wedge)  Lightbulb (screw)  Crane (pulley)
103. 103. Complex MachinesA Complex Machine is made up of 2 or more simple machines.
104. 104. Agenda Just Do It: 5 minutes Complex Machines: 20 minutes Illustration of Complex Machines: 10 minutes Review for Exam: 15 minutes Conclusion: 5 minutes
105. 105. What Simple Machines Make Upthis Can Opener?
106. 106. What Simple Machines Make Upthis corkscrew?
107. 107. What Simple Machines Make Upthis Clamp?
108. 108. Can you think of anotherComplex Machine?
109. 109. Object Simple or Labeled Sketch Complex?Door StopperJar LidScissorsJawboneWheelbarrow
110. 110. Your Mission1. Draw a complex Machine.2. Label the complex machine.3. Label the simple machines that make it up.4. Define the simple machines that make it up.5. Lastly, color the picture.
111. 111. Exam Review: Types of Energy Heat, solar, chemical, and mechanical, and electrical energy Energy transformations
112. 112. Exam Review 6-5.1 Identify the sources and properties of heat, solar, chemical, mechanical, and electrical energy.
113. 113. Name that Energy Source!