Open Content, Open Courses, Open Degrees by Gary W. Matkin, UCI


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The purpose of this presentation is to describe the progress and current state of the Open Educational Resources movement as it faces the last crucial and important step, from OpenCourseWare to Open Degrees.

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Open Content, Open Courses, Open Degrees by Gary W. Matkin, UCI

  2. 2. The Sense Making Hierarchy OPEN Knowledge M Degrees/Curriculum OPEN A K I Combine N OCW G Courses OPEN S E Instructional N Design S E Learning Objects OPEN OPEN Content
  3. 3. Related OPEN Movements  Open Source  Open Content  Open Educational Resources  Open Textbooks  Open Degrees  Open Knowledge
  4. 4. Creative Commons Licenses Explode Past 130 Million! Millions
  5. 5. Search Engines  Those that crawl the Internet looking for CC licensed materials  Google Advanced Search   Those that search for descriptions of OCW content or RSS feeds  OCW Consortium (OCWC) and Course Finder   Creative Commons search   OERCommons 
  6. 6. Collections and Repositories  Wikipedia  Wikiversity  Connexions (Rice University)  MERLOT  Knowledge Hub  Flicker CC  UNESCO  Internet Archive  I Tunes  You Tube
  7. 7. University Websites with Large Collections  MIT  Open University  United Nations University  UC Irvine
  8. 8. MIT AND OCW
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Unlocking Knowledge Project Phases 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Year Courses 50 500 950 1,300 1,550 1,800 1,800 Pilot Ramp Up Enhancement 10 Unlocking Knowledge, Empowering Minds
  11. 11. Empowering Minds Visits to OCW and Translations Web Traffic to OCW and OCW Translations since 2003 2,250,000 2,000,000 SBU Chulalongkorn 1,750,000 CORE 1,500,000 OOPS Universia 1,250,000 OCW 1,000,000 750,000 500,000 250,000 - ril ril ril ril ril O ly O ly O ly O ly O ly Ja ber Ja ber Ja ber Ja ber Ja ber Ja ber y y y y y y ar ar ar ar ar ar Ju Ju Ju Ju Ju Ap Ap Ap Ap Ap o o o o o o nu nu nu nu nu nu ct ct ct ct ct ct O Visits since 10/1/2003 11 Unlocking Knowledge, Empowering Minds
  12. 12. Empowering Minds Traffic by Region 18.1% 41.8% 21.0% 8.4% 4.9% 1.4% Visits Since Visits Region 4.4% 10/1/03 % North America 19,586,175 41.8 East Asia/Pacific 9,818,810 21.0 Europe/Central 8,470,908 18.1 Asia South Asia 3,917,728 8.4 MENA 2,297,341 4.9 Latin America/ 2,076,902 4.4 Caribbean Sub-Sah. Africa 661,193 1.4 TOTAL VISITS 46,829,057 12 Unlocking Knowledge, Empowering Minds
  13. 13. Empowering Minds Traffic by Region 18.1% 41.8% 21.0% 8.4% 4.9% 1.4% Visits Since Visits Region 4.4% 10/1/03 % North America 19,586,175 41.8 East Asia/Pacific 9,818,810 21.0 Europe/Central 8,470,908 18.1 Asia South Asia 3,917,728 8.4 MENA 2,297,341 4.9 Latin America/ 2,076,902 4.4 Caribbean Sub-Sah. Africa 661,193 1.4 Mirror sites — Approx. 209 around the globe TOTAL VISITS 46,829,057 13 Unlocking Knowledge, Empowering Minds
  14. 14. Empowering Minds Traffic by Country – Feb 09 Country Visits Country Visits 11 France 17,301 United States 537,249 1 12 Turkey 15,823 India 112,261 2 13 Italy 12,130 China 95,417 3 14 Japan 11,703 South Korea 59,246 4 15 Australia 11,369 Canada 39,063 5 16 Spain 10,896 United Kingdom 35,506 6 17 Egypt 10,079 Iran 29,685 7 18 Mexico 9,764 Brazil 24,341 8 19 Singapore 9,045 Germany 21,851 9 10 Pakistan 17,755 20 Romania 9,040 14 Unlocking Knowledge, Empowering Minds
  15. 15. Empowering Minds Visitors by Role Other 5% Educators 15% Self learners 50% Students 30% 15 Unlocking Knowledge, Empowering Minds
  17. 17. Afghanistan Korea, Republic Of Universidade de Santiago de Compostela Venezuela Kabul Polytechnic University Handong Global University Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona Universidad Central de Venezuela Australia Inha University Universitat de Girona Universidad de Los Andes University of Southern Queensland Korea University Universitat de Valncia Universidad Fermn Toro Austria Kyung Hee Cyber University Universitat Jaume I Universidad Metropolitana Klagenfurt University Kyung Hee University Universitat Oberta de Catalunya Universidad Montevila Brazil Pukyong National University Universitat Rovira i Virgili Universidad Nacional Experimental del Tchira Fundação Getulio Vargas - FGV Online Pusan University University of Deusto Universidad Rafael Belloso Chacin Uniso- Universidade de Sorocaba Seoul National University of Technology UPV/EHU Viet Nam Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora Lebanon Switzerland EduNet Vietnam Canada Global University University of Lausanne Athabasca University Mexico Taiwan Capilano University Tecnologico de Monterrey Aletheia University Matou Campus Affiliate Organizations Chile Universidad de Monterre Chang Jung Christian University California Psychological Association Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile Netherlands Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology Center for Open and Sustainable Learning Universidad de Chile Open University Netherlands Diwan University Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science China TU Delft National Cheng Kung University Chulalongkorn University China Open Resources for Education Peru National Chengchi University Commonwealth of Learning (COL) Colombia Universidad Nacional de Ingenier National Chiao Tung University Connexions Universidad de Manizales Puerto Rico National Tsing Hua University Creative Commons Universidad Icesi Universidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico Tainan National University of The Arts enPraxis Universidad Nacional de Colombia University of Puerto Rico Taipei Medical University European Association of Distance Teaching Universities (EADTU) Dominican Republic Russian Federation Thailand Fahamu - Networks for Social Justice Las Americas Institute of Technology Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities Thailand Cyber University France Saudi Arabia Turkey GEM4 Grenoble Ecole de Management Alfaisal University Middle East Technical University HETS Paris Tech King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Turkish OpenCourseWare Consortium iBerry Iran, Islamic Republic Of Saudi Aramco United Kingdom Institute for Electronic Governance Baha'i Institute for Higher Education South Africa Mathematical Institute, Oxford University Intelligent Television International University of Iran University of the Western Cape Korea Education & Research Information Service Israel Spain The Open University MERLOT - Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and The Open University of Israel IE University The University of Nottingham Online Teaching Japan OpenCourseWare Universia United States Monterey Institute for Technology and Education Doshisha University Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Arizona State University National Institute of Multimedia Education Hokkaido University Universidad Cadiz College of Eastern Utah Novell, Inc. Japan OCW Consortium Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Dixie State College of Utah OCW Translations Inc. Kagawa Nutrition University Universidad de Alicante Johns Hopkins OER Africa Kansai University Universidad de Cantabria Kaplan Higher Education OOPS Keio University Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha Massachusetts Institute of Technology Open Courseware Iran Kyoto Seika University Universidad de Granada Michigan State University Open High School of Utah Kyoto University Universidad de Huelva Open Institute of Law, Int. Open Learning Exchange Kyushu University Universidad de Malaga Tufts University Scribd Meiji University Universidad de Murcia UC Berkeley Vietnam Education Foundation Nagoya University Universidad de Navarra University of Alaska Fairbanks Vietnamese Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) Osaka University Universidad de Oviedo University of California, Irvine Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Universidad de Salamanca University of Massachusetts Boston Ritsumeikan University Universidad de Sevilla University of Michigan Tokyo Institute of Technology Universidad de Valladolid University of Notre Dame United Nations University Universidad de Zaragoza University of Utah University of Tokyo Universidad Extremadura University of Wisconsin- Eau Claire University of Tsukuba Universidad Internacional de Andaluca Utah State University Waseda University Universidad Nacional de Educacion Utah Valley State College UNIVERSIDAD POLITCNICA DE CARTAGENA Weber State University http: Universidad Politecnica de Valencia Western Governors University Universidad Politecnica Madrid Wheelock College
  18. 18. OCWC — U.S. Member Institutions  Arizona State University  University of California, Irvine  College of Eastern Utah  University of Massachusetts Boston  Dixie State College of Utah  University of Michigan  Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School  University of Notre Dame of Public Health  University of Utah  Kaplan Higher Education  University of Wisconsin- Eau Claire  Massachusetts Institute of  Utah State University Technology  Utah Valley State College  Michigan State University  Weber State University  Open Institute of Law, Int.  Western Governors University  Tufts University  Wheelock College  University of California, Berkeley  University of Alaska Fairbanks
  19. 19. 45 Universities on iTunes University Slide 15
  21. 21. Factors Driving the Open Degree Movement  To make the entire sum of human knowledge available to everyone, anywhere, at any time — for free!
  22. 22. Factors Driving the Open Degree Movement  What is the world going to do with the estimated one billion people in developing countries who want and can benefit from higher education? What will happen if they can’t get it?
  23. 23. Barriers to Open Degrees  Content and courseware are a small part of total cost  Degrees require construction of a social context  Award of credit is difficult  Degree awarding authority must be identified  The coherent/context problem across international and cultural boundaries
  25. 25. The OCW Institutional Value Proposition To meet the university’s desire to play a significant role in 1. the contribution to the social welfare of the world To showcase the university’s top instructional efforts and 2. make course materials free on a global scale to educators, students, and self-learners Provide high quality, high visibility examples to the 3. public, prospective students, and parents To create a repository where faculty and researchers can 4. have their work seen by the world To provide potential funding agencies with attractive and 5. useful opportunities for disseminating research results
  26. 26. The OCW Institutional Value Proposition Attract independent funding for public service projects 6. 7. Attract traffic to the institution’s OCW site 8. To provide a vehicle for training incumbent staff and faculty 9. To more fully and legitimately take advantage of material produced elsewhere 10. Provide entree to a world wide community of dedicated educators
  27. 27. How Can Your Institution Become Involved ? Join the OCW Consortium Click on “How to Join” at
  28. 28. Gary W. Matkin, Ph.D. Dean, Continuing Education University of California, Irvine