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Yearbook Photojournalishm

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  1. 1. Photojournalism Techniques By Mrs. Goodwin
  2. 2. Focus <ul><li>Use the camera’s focus lock feature. </li></ul><ul><li>Center the subject to focus on it. </li></ul><ul><li>Hold the picture-taking button partway down to lock the focus. </li></ul><ul><li>Compose the subject placed off center with the button still partway down, then take the photo. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Composition <ul><li>Composition is how objects are arranged in a photograph. </li></ul><ul><li>We will look at 4 things to consider: </li></ul><ul><li>Framing -- Angle of the camera </li></ul><ul><li>Cropping -- Zooming in and out </li></ul><ul><li>Center of interest -- Rule of thirds </li></ul><ul><li>Content -- Story telling without noise </li></ul>
  4. 4. Composition 1 - Framing <ul><li>Horizontal </li></ul><ul><li>(landscape) </li></ul><ul><li>Funky tilt </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical </li></ul><ul><li>(portrait) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Composition 1 - Framing <ul><li>Individuals are often vertical (portrait) </li></ul><ul><li>Groups are often horizontal (landscape) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Composition 2 - Cropping <ul><li>3/3 crop (full length) </li></ul>2/3 crop 1/3 crop Crop the subject by thirds (in the camera or on the computer).
  7. 7. Composition 3 - Center of Interest <ul><li>The viewer’s eye is bored with perfectly centered subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>Offsetting the main element usually produces a dynamic, interesting picture. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the rule of thirds. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Composition 3 - Center of Interest Place the subject on the left 1/3 or right 1/3.
  9. 9. Composition 3 - Center of Interest Place the subject or the horizon on the top 1/3 or bottom 1/3.
  10. 10. Composition 4 - Content <ul><li>Are background items too prominent? </li></ul>Feet in the way of the ball Car bumping into her head.
  11. 11. <ul><li>Are important story elements out of the picture? </li></ul>Composition 4 - Content Missing the story. Telling the story.
  12. 12. Composition 4 - Content <ul><li>Walk-Around Angle: </li></ul><ul><li>Walk around the subject and find the best angle. See how the view of subject, light, foreground and background change as the angle changes. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lighting - Sunlight <ul><li>Direct sunlight on the person creates harsh shadows. (left) </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions: </li></ul><ul><li>Put the subject in the shade. (right) </li></ul><ul><li>Use a flash to lighten the shadows on the face caused by sunlight. YES…Try using a flash outside! </li></ul><ul><li>Photograph on a cloudy day or at sunrise or at sunset. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lighting - Backlit <ul><li>A window or sun behind your subject can leave dark and dim faces with little or no detail. </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions: </li></ul><ul><li>Try using a flash. </li></ul><ul><li>Try a different angle so the light is not behind the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the window/sun is behind your back as you take the photo. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Lighting - Creating Mood <ul><li>Try viewing your subject from different angles to learn how lighting differences can change the mood of your picture. </li></ul>
  16. 16. High Contrast <ul><li>Light colours on a dark background or dark colours on a light background create a dynamic intense look. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Low Contrast <ul><li>Mostly dark images can provide a mysterious setting. </li></ul>Lighter photos look sunny, bright and cheerful. dark on dark light on light
  18. 18. Point of View <ul><ul><li>A bird's eye view </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Point of View <ul><li>A worm’s eye view </li></ul>
  20. 20. Balance <ul><ul><li>Balance is the relationship between two or more important picture elements. </li></ul></ul>Perfect or equal balance is static and boring. Asymmetrical balance is more dynamic. Note the placement of the people is not in a straight row.
  21. 21. Eyeline <ul><li>A good picture leads the eye on a stroll around the picture, and repeatedly brings it back to the main subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal, vertical and especially diagonal elements will entice the eye to follow them. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Eyeline <ul><li>Eyeline can also refer to where the subject seems to be looking. Our eyes tend to follow that path too. </li></ul><ul><li>Put extra space on the side the person is looking towards (called face room). </li></ul>
  23. 23. Spontaneous Photos <ul><li>Don’t try to re-create a spontaneous-looking event with posed shots. Few people will be convinced. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are always seen with a camera, people become more relaxed. </li></ul><ul><li>Story-telling photos are not taken until after the need for posing is over. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Which picture is spontaneous?
  25. 25. The End Photojournalism takes time to learn…you’ll need to practice!