Preparing Secondary Students
for Academic Research
Kathy Fester
Adjunct Reference & Instruction Librarian
Adelphi Universi...
Incoming Freshmen Challenges??
• Organization
– Time
• academics
• social life
• sports,
• organizations
• Academics → mor...
Incoming Freshmen First Month?
• FOrE First Year Orientation Experience
• Health, Activities, Organizations, Finances, Lea...
You can prepare them a bit!
Today: To understand what will help incoming
freshmen be prepared for a college level
research...
What is Research for the College
Freshman?
• It is NOT finding an “answer”
• It is NOT an opinion paper (no “I”)
• It IS u...
And also,
• Writing in an academic format with
References (APA) Works Cited (MLA &
Chicago)
• In-text citations
• Followin...
“8” Essential Skills Program*
1. Time Management
2. Studying
3. Note-taking
* Matthew Lavery, Adelphi Learning Center
“8” Continued…
4. Critical Reading
– To access meaning amidst a large volume of required
reading  most don’t do it all
– ...
“8” Continued…
5. Studying
6. Test Taking
7. IPCPS Interpersonal Communication & Public
Speaking
“8” Continued…
8. Research!
• Understand assignment
• Organize time
• Searching skills!
• Narrow/broaden topic
• Synonyms
...
Background Research → Keywords
• Searching using specialized encyclopedias
• Searching using Wikipedia?
• Find key words, ...
Research Sources
• Books & eBooks
• Databases
– Journal articles
– Differences among periodicals
– Differences in academic...
Other Research Issues
• Difference between primary, secondary,
tertiary sources
• Critical reading
– Note-taking
– Drafts ...
You Can Use These…
Freshmen Information Literacy Tutorial
– http://libraries.adelphi.edu/infolit/
Research Overview LibGui...
You Can Use These…
• Any Adelphi University Guides/Tutorials
• Search LibGuides for a high school topic guide
Other Resources
• AU Website
– AU Student Resources
– eCampus, “Moodle” electronic relationship with professor
– IT/Userna...
In Summary…
You can give your students an advantage
1. Work on organizational skills and time management
2. Use Research O...
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Preparing Secondary Students 

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How to give high school students an academic edge when they get to university. Skills to work on that will benefit them with college level research!

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Preparing Secondary Students 

  1. 1. Preparing Secondary Students for Academic Research Kathy Fester Adjunct Reference & Instruction Librarian Adelphi University October 16, 2013
  2. 2. Incoming Freshmen Challenges?? • Organization – Time • academics • social life • sports, • organizations • Academics → more freedom than ever before • Freedom to study when & how • Freedom not to study • Freedom to ask for help
  3. 3. Incoming Freshmen First Month? • FOrE First Year Orientation Experience • Health, Activities, Organizations, Finances, Learning Center, Ethics, Library + • 50 minute sessions • Library Orientation  with no assignment • There will be assignments similar to HS at first • UPS Delivery Pedagogy Analogy
  4. 4. You can prepare them a bit! Today: To understand what will help incoming freshmen be prepared for a college level research assignment. Freshmen Information Literacy Tutorial http://libraries.adelphi.edu/infolit/
  5. 5. What is Research for the College Freshman? • It is NOT finding an “answer” • It is NOT an opinion paper (no “I”) • It IS understanding the process of gathering scholarly peer-reviewed articles on a topic, synthesizing the information, and presenting findings in a cohesive academic paper, and positing future research needs or directions • Higher level thinking Common Core Curriculum
  6. 6. And also, • Writing in an academic format with References (APA) Works Cited (MLA & Chicago) • In-text citations • Following directions
  7. 7. “8” Essential Skills Program* 1. Time Management 2. Studying 3. Note-taking * Matthew Lavery, Adelphi Learning Center
  8. 8. “8” Continued… 4. Critical Reading – To access meaning amidst a large volume of required reading  most don’t do it all – CCSS demands reading in depth and breadth • Use databases for non-fiction reading – Based on interest first? – GVRL, Opposing Viewpoints, JSTOR, Scirus • Increase lexile level over time on the same subject • Vocabulary builds better testing, increases prior knowledge – High School reading breadth/depth has decreased – College reading breadth/depth has increased
  9. 9. “8” Continued… 5. Studying 6. Test Taking 7. IPCPS Interpersonal Communication & Public Speaking
  10. 10. “8” Continued… 8. Research! • Understand assignment • Organize time • Searching skills! • Narrow/broaden topic • Synonyms • Key words—Not “sentence” searching • Boolean/Venn diagram (AND, OR, NOT)
  11. 11. Background Research → Keywords • Searching using specialized encyclopedias • Searching using Wikipedia? • Find key words, “phrases,” names, events • Synonyms! • In-text citations & References lead to more sources  how research evolves • Narrow/broaden topic – Topic –> Subtopics (in chapters, headings in reference, books, journals)
  12. 12. Research Sources • Books & eBooks • Databases – Journal articles – Differences among periodicals – Differences in academic journals! » Research articles, Empirical research articles, and Literature review articles – Abstracts – Google Scholar – Databases in your school & public library
  13. 13. Other Research Issues • Difference between primary, secondary, tertiary sources • Critical reading – Note-taking – Drafts ←→ • Works Cited—References—Bibliography – Research & Documentation Online – KnightCite – RefWorks
  14. 14. You Can Use These… Freshmen Information Literacy Tutorial – http://libraries.adelphi.edu/infolit/ Research Overview LibGuide – http://libguides.adelphi.edu/research-overview
  15. 15. You Can Use These… • Any Adelphi University Guides/Tutorials • Search LibGuides for a high school topic guide
  16. 16. Other Resources • AU Website – AU Student Resources – eCampus, “Moodle” electronic relationship with professor – IT/Usernames/passwords – AU Library Website – Kathy Fester AU LibGuides – Kathy Fester Middle & High School LibGuide Ex:“Good & Evil” – Kathy Fester Middle & High School LibGuide Ex: “Holocaust” – Learning Center – Writing Center – Office of Disability Support Services AND • Academic Honesty – Plagiarism
  17. 17. In Summary… You can give your students an advantage 1. Work on organizational skills and time management 2. Use Research Overview for skills to incorporate into lessons 3. Try the Freshman Tutorial 4. Be a stickler about format & in-text citations 5. Work on note-taking, synonyms, & recognizing key words 6. Use library databases 7. Address plagiarism 8. Collaborate with your librarian Thanks for the invite!
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