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Google better! Benefits and features of Advanced Google and Google Scholar. Appropriate for Middle School up.

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  1. 1. GoogleSmart Click icon 1
  2. 2. Research with Google?•  Students, teachers, staff—we all use Google –  Teachers are overheard telling students: “just Google it”•  Students are required to use resources from subscription databases. –  Subscription services are more authoritative, valid, easier to use, and easier to cite.•  But we also Google—either as a start, or to check that something obvious wasn’t missed•  Google is incredibly powerful•  So let’s get better at Googling! 2
  3. 3. Today’s Goals•  Learn how to use Google better. –  Google Advanced –  Key Words, Key Phrases –  Google Scholar•  Discover Google shortcuts and neat “things” 3
  4. 4. Keep in mind: The Invisible Web Google doesn’t search everything…•  What search engines choose not to index –  “The Invisible Web: Text pages, files, or other often high-quality authoritative information available via the World Wide Web that general-purpose search engines cannot, due to technical limitations, or will not, due to deliberate choice, add to their indices of Web pages. Sometimes also referred to as the “deep Web” or “dark matter…what may be invisible today may suddenly become visible tomorrow.” –  “If a Web page has no links pointing to it from any other page on the Web, a search engine crawler can’t find it. These “disconnected” pages are the most basic part of the Invisible Web.” Sherman, Chris and Gary Price, In Library Trends 52 (2) 2003: Organizing the Internet: 282-298 –  “In fact, only a small percentage of the Web’s content is accessible to Google. The term “deep Web” refers to the vast portion of the Web that is beyond the reach of the typical “surface Web” crawlers. Surface Web search engines like Google can’t easily fathom the deep Web because most deep Web content has no links to it.” Sol Lederman,, 2009. 4
  5. 5. So let’s find a typicalassignment for a young student “find out what bottlenose dolphins eat”(This is my part of the report) 5
  6. 6. A “Regular” Google Search 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Many of us do this 10
  11. 11. Worse results thanfirst Google search! 11
  12. 12. Eliminate the “s” and look at drop down suggestions 12
  13. 13. ut tooNo sports teams bmany hits! 13
  14. 14. 1. Click Wheel Box for Drop Down MenuAND, OR, NOT + - 2. Click Advanced search (Boolean Search) “ ” 14
  15. 15. Google Advanced Search Box gic— Bool ean loE asy the boxes fill in 15
  16. 16. Red words are “implied”—you don’t put them in AND AND AND “______” -______NOT AND, OR, NOT + - “ ” EXACTLY 16
  17. 17. NOT Wikipedia 17
  18. 18. Note:you canactuallywritethis in aGooglebox andget thesameresults 18
  19. 19. What was the original question? •  What do bottlenose dolphins eat? Think of synonyms for “eat” 19
  20. 20. OurOur New Search new search 20
  21. 21. 28,200,000 – 128,000 = 28,072,000 FEWER HITS But still too many!More results, more focused 21
  22. 22. Further refine your resultsby choosing a domain . . . .com commercial sites .org organizations .edu educational sites .gov government sites .net computer network .mil militaryNote: a ~ in the URL indicates a personal page, so take heed 22
  23. 23. Speaking of Domains…URL Uniform Resource Locator   The web address which connects you to a website   It may give you information before you see the site—can you tell anything about this URL? 23
  24. 24. Narrowing with domain selection Select a domain to further narrow search 24
  25. 25. Our Final Search… Now we are down to 2,370 educational sites that will have information about what bottlenose dolphins eat 25
  26. 26. Results #1 26
  27. 27. Result #2 27
  28. 28. Result #3 28
  29. 29. Result #4 29
  30. 30. We had 4 authoritative appropriate useful websites on the first page While we had two good results with earlier searches,We did not have enough to compare and verify the information… Now we do 30
  31. 31. “Good enough” is not the same as “good.” 31
  32. 32. Recap•  Eliminate the “s”•  Use Boolean logic to narrow the topic•  Use the Advanced Search feature•  Choose keywords to include & exclude•  Select a domain 32
  33. 33. Tips when Google Searching•  Search is always case insensitive•  Generally, punctuation is ignored, including @#$%^&*()=+[] and other special characters. •  Keep it simple.•  As few terms as possible 33
  34. 34. New Google Search String In the Google search box:filetype:pdf migration intitle:distance of "monarch butterfl*”This says that I am search for:•  A pdf type file•  About migration•  In the title has to be the word distant•  It needs to have the exact phrase monarch butterfly or monarch butterflies 34
  35. 35. A search for… 35
  36. 36. PowerPoint Presentations 36
  37. 37. 37
  38. 38. Another specific search Add Region, Domain, Language, Date, Site (, 38
  39. 39. Results II needed good information originating in Afghanistan about the education of girls 39
  40. 40. Recap•  Use Advanced Search for file type .ppt, .xls, .pdf•  Use the site or domain name, i.e.,,, .gov,•  Limit by date, region, language, usage rights 40
  41. 41. Google ScholarYou have to know about Google Scholar! 41
  42. 42. Where to find Google Scholar 42
  43. 43. For example—tofind a certaintype of journalarticle aboutOCD since 2000 43
  44. 44. You may not have fulltext, but you will findthe article citationinformation and beable to search insubscriptiondatabases 44
  45. 45. Google More…•  For special features and searches in Google go to “more” •  and then “Even more” 45
  46. 46. But kids are better than adults when they search! (you sure?) Click image 46
  47. 47. Kathy Fester, Updated 2/5/2012 47
  48. 48. CopyrightThis work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. 48