World War Ii Part 2
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World War Ii Part 2

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Chapter 19, Section 2, Part 2

Chapter 19, Section 2, Part 2

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World War Ii Part 2 World War Ii Part 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 19, Section 2, Part 2
    • Great Britain
    • Soviet Union
    • The United States
    • Germany
    • Italy
    • Japan
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  •  
    • The Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel broke through British lines in Egypt and advanced on Alexandria.
    • The British in North Africa had stopped the Germans at El Alamein.
    • In November, British and American forces invaded French North Africa and forced the German and Italian troops to surrender by May .
  •  
    • Hitler decided to attack Stalingrad, a major Soviet industrial center.
    • Between November 1942 and February 1943 the Soviets counterattacked.
    • In May, the Germans were forced to surrender.
      • They lost some of their best troops
    • The Pacific Theater
    • May
    • American naval forces stopped the Japanese and saved Australia from invasion.
    • June
    • the turning point in the Pacific war
    • U.S. planes destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers and established naval superiority
    • By November 1942, after fierce battles in the Solomon Islands , the Japanese power was diminishing.
    • The Allies then moved north and invaded Italy in September.
      • Winston Churchill called Italy the “soft underbelly” of Europe.
    • Mussolini was removed from office and arrested by the king.
    • Allies did not take Rome until June 4, 1944.
    • The Allies had long been planning a “2nd front” in western Europe.
    • They planned to invade France from Great Britain across the English Channel.
    • June 6, 1944
    • the Allies under U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower landed on the beaches in Normandy .
    • This gave the Allies the chance to set up a beachhead.
    • By landing two million men and a half-million vehicles , the Allies eventually broke through the German lines.
    • After the breakout, the Allies moved south and east .
    • In March of 1945, the Allies crossed the Rhine River.
    • In the north they linked up with the Soviet army that was moving from the east.
    • On April 30, Hitler committed suicide.
    • In the Pacific
    • The Dropping of the Atomic bomb
    • U.S. president Harry S. Truman decided to drop atomic bombs on Japanese cities.
    • He hoped that this would avoid an invasion of Japan.
    • The first bomb was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on August 6.
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    • Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki .
    • Both cities were completely destroyed.
    • 60,000 to 75,000 died immediately and 1000’s more died later of radiation sickness. (the total came to over 200,000)
    • The Japanese surrendered on August 14.
    • 17 million people had died in battle in World War II.
    • Some estimate that, including civilian losses, over 50 million people died in the war.