World War Ii Part 1


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Chapter 19, Section 2, Part 1

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World War Ii Part 1

  1. 1. Chapter 19, Section 2, Part 1
  2. 2. <ul><li>Some historians think that Hitler was a great military commander-for the Allies! </li></ul><ul><li>He was responsible for several major blunders. </li></ul><ul><li>He underestimated the strength of the Soviet Union and made a huge mistake by attacking. </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to D-Day, the Allies fooled Hitler into thinking the invasion would be in Calais, which weakened the German response. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The 1939 invasion of Poland by Germany took just 4 weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Blitzkrieg (“lightning war”) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>spies sent in ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stuka dive bombers, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>panzer divisions: strike forces of about 300 tanks and soldiers that were supported by airplanes. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 1940 <ul><li>Hitler invaded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denmark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Netherlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belgium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. France
  6. 7. Maginot line Fort Entrance
  7. 10. <ul><li>The French had fortified their border with Germany along the Maginot Line , but the Germans surprised them by going around it. </li></ul>
  8. 11. Maginot Line
  9. 12. <ul><li>An authoritarian French regime under German control was set up to govern the rest of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Marshal Henri Petain, it was named Vichy France . </li></ul>
  10. 13. Hitler in Paris
  11. 14. Great Britain
  12. 15. <ul><li>The British asked the United States for help. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States had a strict policy of isolationism . </li></ul><ul><li>A series of neutrality acts passed in the 1930s prevented the United States from involvement in European conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>Over time, the laws were slowly relaxed and the United States sent food, ships, planes, and weapons to Britain. </li></ul>
  13. 16. August 1940 <ul><li>The Luftwaffe (German air force) began a major bombing offensive (The Blitz) against military targets in Britain. </li></ul>
  14. 17. Video <ul><li>“ The Battle of Britain” </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>Aided by a good radar system , the British fought back but suffered critical losses. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler hoped to break British morale. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy allowed the British to rebuild their air power and inflict crippling losses on the Germans. </li></ul>
  16. 19. Video Clip <ul><li>“ Stepping Up the Air War” </li></ul>
  17. 20. Soviet Union
  18. 21. <ul><li>Hitler was convinced that the way to defeat Britain was to first smash the Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>He thought that the British were resisting only because they were expecting Soviet support. </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>He planned to invade in the spring of 1941, but was delayed by problems in the Balkans. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler seized Greece and Yugoslavia in April 1941. </li></ul><ul><li>Then Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. </li></ul>
  20. 23. <ul><li>German troops moved quickly and captured 2 million Russian soldiers by November. </li></ul><ul><li>The Germans were within 25 miles of Moscow. </li></ul><ul><li>However, winter came early in 1941 and, combined with fierce Russian resistance, forced the Germans to halt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Germans were not equipped for the bitter Russian winter. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 26. <ul><li>On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. </li></ul><ul><li>They also attacked the Philippines and the British colony of Malaya. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon after, they invaded the Dutch East Indies and other islands in the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul>
  22. 27. <ul><li>The Japanese thought that their attacks on the U.S. fleet would destroy the U.S. Navy and lead the Americans to accept Japanese domination in the Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead, it united the American people and convinced the nation that it should enter the war against Japan . </li></ul>