Chapter 13, Section 4
Marie Curie <ul><li>Born in Poland, lived in France </li></ul><ul><li>discovered radium, an element that gave off energy <...
Albert Einstein <ul><li>provided a new picture of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>theory of relativity stated that space an...
<ul><li>Matter was now believed to be energy, an idea that led to understanding the energies within atoms and to the Atomi...
Sigmund Freud <ul><li>Vienna, Austria </li></ul><ul><li>proposed groundbreaking theories about the human mind and human na...
<ul><li>Beginning in childhood, Painful experiences were repressed influencing people’s actions without their knowledge.  ...
Psychoanalysis <ul><li>Patient and therapist both probe deep into the patient’s psyche through free association, talking, ...
Social Darwinism <ul><li>Racists and nationalists misapplied Darwin’s ideas to human society.  </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme n...
Anti-Semitism <ul><li>hostility and discrimination against the Jews  </li></ul><ul><li>Since the Middle Ages, Jews had bee...
<ul><li>In the nineteenth century, Jews had increasingly assumed positions within mainstream European society.  </li></ul>...
Dreyfus Affair <ul><li>Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish captain in the French Army, was accused of selling military secrets.  </li...
<ul><li>The worst treatment was in Eastern Europe, where 72% of the world Jewish population lived.  </li></ul><ul><li>In R...
Modernism <ul><li>Between 1870 and 1914 many artists and writers rebelled against traditional artistic and literary styles...
<ul><li>At the beginning of the 20th century, a group of writers known as  symbolists  caused a literary revolution by arg...
Impressionism <ul><li>begun in France in the 1870s,  </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Monet.  </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionists lef...
 
 
Postimpressionism <ul><li>arose in France and Europe in the 1880s.  </li></ul><ul><li>Vincent van Gogh  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Van Gogh Self Portrait
S T A R R Y N I G H T
Photography <ul><li>George Eastman created his first Kodak camera in 1888.  </li></ul><ul><li>Now everyone could capture r...
 
Pablo Picasso <ul><li>One of the most famous figures in  </li></ul><ul><li>modern art was the Spaniard.  He began his care...
Dora Maar au Chat, 1941
<ul><li>The Russian, Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring revolutionized classical music by using synthesizers.  </li></ul>
Stravinsky by Picasso
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Chapter 13, Section 4
World History
From Friday, March 27, 2009

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Sections 4

  1. 1. Chapter 13, Section 4
  2. 2. Marie Curie <ul><li>Born in Poland, lived in France </li></ul><ul><li>discovered radium, an element that gave off energy </li></ul><ul><li>It appeared that atoms were worlds in themselves, not just hard material bodies. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Albert Einstein <ul><li>provided a new picture of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>theory of relativity stated that space and time are not absolute but are relative to the observer. </li></ul><ul><li>Matter and energy reflect the relativity of space and time. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Matter was now believed to be energy, an idea that led to understanding the energies within atoms and to the Atomic Age. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sigmund Freud <ul><li>Vienna, Austria </li></ul><ul><li>proposed groundbreaking theories about the human mind and human nature. </li></ul><ul><li>human behavior is strongly influenced by past experiences and internal forces that people for the most part are not aware of. </li></ul><ul><li>These added to the uncertainty of the era. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Beginning in childhood, Painful experiences were repressed influencing people’s actions without their knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>To help people get rid of these repressed unconscious forces, Freud proposed a method called psychoanalysis . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Psychoanalysis <ul><li>Patient and therapist both probe deep into the patient’s psyche through free association, talking, and dream analysis to go back to childhood and confront the painful experiences to unlock the repression. </li></ul><ul><li>The patient’s gaining control of the painful experience and being released from the unconscious control of the repression led to healing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Social Darwinism <ul><li>Racists and nationalists misapplied Darwin’s ideas to human society. </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme nationalists said that nations were in a Darwinian struggle for survival. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Anti-Semitism <ul><li>hostility and discrimination against the Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Since the Middle Ages, Jews had been portrayed as the murderers of Christ, subjected to mob violence, and had their rights restricted. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>In the nineteenth century, Jews had increasingly assumed positions within mainstream European society. </li></ul><ul><li>The Dreyfus affair in France showed that these gains were weak. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Dreyfus Affair <ul><li>Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish captain in the French Army, was accused of selling military secrets. </li></ul><ul><li>He was sentenced to life imprisonment even though evidence showed his innocence and pointed to the guilt of a Catholic officer. </li></ul><ul><li>Public outrage finally resulted in a new trial and pardon for Dreyfus. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The worst treatment was in Eastern Europe, where 72% of the world Jewish population lived. </li></ul><ul><li>In Russia, for example, there were organized persecutions and massacres called pogroms . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Modernism <ul><li>Between 1870 and 1914 many artists and writers rebelled against traditional artistic and literary styles. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>At the beginning of the 20th century, a group of writers known as symbolists caused a literary revolution by arguing that art should be about the inner life of people and should serve only art , not social progress. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Impressionism <ul><li>begun in France in the 1870s, </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Monet. </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionists left the studio and painted outdoors, hoping to capture the light that illuminated objects, rather than the objects themselves. </li></ul>
  16. 18. Postimpressionism <ul><li>arose in France and Europe in the 1880s. </li></ul><ul><li>Vincent van Gogh </li></ul><ul><li>For him, art was a spiritual experience. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed color was its own kind of language. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Van Gogh Self Portrait
  18. 20. S T A R R Y N I G H T
  19. 21. Photography <ul><li>George Eastman created his first Kodak camera in 1888. </li></ul><ul><li>Now everyone could capture reality. </li></ul>
  20. 23. Pablo Picasso <ul><li>One of the most famous figures in </li></ul><ul><li>modern art was the Spaniard. He began his career in </li></ul><ul><li>He created a new style called cubism , that used geometric designs to recreate reality. </li></ul><ul><li>He painted objects from many different views at once. </li></ul>
  21. 24. Dora Maar au Chat, 1941
  22. 25. <ul><li>The Russian, Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring revolutionized classical music by using synthesizers. </li></ul>
  23. 26. Stravinsky by Picasso

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