The Andes mountains run parallel to the Pacific shoreline dividing the country into three geographic regions.
The costa (coast) region is a narrow dry plains, except for valleys created by seasonal rivers.
The sierra (highlands) is made up of the Andes. The highest mountain is Huascarán at 6,768 m (22,205 ft).
The selva (jungle) is a wide area of flat terrain covered by the Amazon rainforest. Almost 60% of Peru is located within this region.
Unlike other countries in the equatorial region Peru does not have an exclusively tropical climate. The costa has moderate temperatures, low precipitation and high humidity. The sierra receives rain and snow. The selva has heavy rainfall and high temperatures and humidity.
The music of Peru is rooted in Peru's Andean musical roots and Spanish musical influences.
Native Peruvian music is played on the charango an instrument in the lute family similar to a mandolin.
Also played are the sikú (or zampoña) and antara. These are ancient indigenous instruments resembling panpipes. They are made of aquatic reeds found in many lakes in the Andean Region of South America.