APA ppt


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APA ppt

  2. 2.  What is self-plagiarism?  What is plagiarism?  How  can you avoid plagiarism? What is the difference between paraphrasing and using direct quotations?
  3. 3.  In your paper, you will be using parenthetical citations and in-text citations.  In-text citation: Creswell (2012) highlights that in an emerging design approach, data are analyzed immediately after being collected rather than waiting until all data are collected.  Parenthetical citation: In an emerging design approach, data are analyzed immediately after being collected rather than waiting until all data are collected (Creswell, 2012).
  4. 4. DIRECT QUOTATIONS  When you include direct quotations you should always have the author, year, and specific page number or paragraph number in the text. Example 1: While innovations in research have led to new definitions of the stress concept, based on its earliest foundations stress may be defined as “the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it” (Selye, 1976, p. 14).  Example 2: Selye (1976) suggested that stress should be described as “the nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it” (p. 14), thereby contributing to the literature on stress. 
  5. 5.  If the quotation is 40 or more words it should be a block quotation.  Example: Jones's (1998) study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to  purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help. (p. 199) Note: it should be double-spaced and should not have double quotation marks.
  6. 6. ATTRIBUTING AN ASSERTION TO MULTIPLE SOURCES Parenthetical: Mental illness in higher education is receiving growing awareness in the research community due to its increasing prevalence and negative effects on students (Eisenberg, Gollust, Golberstein, & Hefner, 2007; Hysenbegasi, Hass, Rowland, 2005; Kadison, 2004; Zivin, Eisenberg, Gollust, & Golberstein, 2009). In-text: Cox (1978) and Lazarus (1966) on the other hand, highlight the role of the individual in determining whether a situation is considered stressful and how the individual will respond to the stressor.
  7. 7. REFERENCES  Your references should start on a new page  Only citations that appear in your paper should be included in your references  Also, make sure that everything cited in-text is included on the reference page!  References are all double spaced, flush left with subsequent lines indented 5 spaces  Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work
  8. 8. PERIODICAL Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of periodical, vol(I), pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxx Eisenberg, D., Downs, M. F., Golberstein, E., & Zivin, K. (2009). Stigma and help seeking for mental health among college students. Medical Care Research and Review, 66(5), 522-541. doi:10.1177/1077558709335173 If no doi is assigned use: Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx homepage URL to journal, newsletter, magazine
  9. 9. Book Marshall, H. (2009). Best book ever. New York, NY: Publisher House. Chapter in an edited book Timmerman, B. (2009). Best chapter ever. In H. Marshall (Ed.), Best book ever (pp. 14–27). New York, NY: Publisher House.
  10. 10. SPACING Double space or single space after the end of sentence, but be consistent.  Use just one space after each punctuation mark in the reference list.  Double space your entire manuscript.  Double space the body of the paper including block quotes.  Double space the reference list. 