By: Christina K, Amanda W, Victoria S, Erica S, and Katherine H
Overview of Russia History of Russian Childcare Present Day Childcare Funding Philosophy Rainbow program Availability/Accessibility Canada vs. Russia
Population: 138,739,892 Total area: 17,098,242 sq km The rise of the Russian empire originated from Moscow During the Soviet period of Russia, ideology changed from Nationalist to Socialist. when the ideals and ideas of Russia were being re- evaluated "Education was recognized as a most important way of liberating and developing the individual."
The first private Kindergarten was open September 27th 1863 in St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg Frobel society was founded in 1871 to promote primary education for pre-school age children. The Russian State university implemented courses in their school systems to train teachers. Laid foundations of Russian psychology
Children’s centres began in the beginning of the 20th Century Helped war victims Combined functions of nurseries and kindergartens Helped parents raise difficult children Kindergarten’s for national minorities were established in 1909-1911 - Funded by education societies and private donations - Focused on cultural values and traditions In 1909-1911 child colonies were also formed for ages 4-15 - Funded by local administrations and donations - About promoting child health
Kindergartens based on Maria Montessori emerged in 1913 Before the Soviet Union, there were three types of kindergarten Fee-paying private kindergarten Free public kindergarten Kindergartens with partial payment
There are five types of kindergartens in Russia Child development centres• Kindergartens operate 6 days a week• Known as “zero classes” or “sixes” Kindergartens focused on one or more developmental domains Kindergartens prioritizing the correction of abnormalities Kindergartens focusing on health improvements (sanitation, hygiene) Combined kindergartens
Most kindergartens are state funded and operated Exteriors are often run-down Some are financially supported by utility or manufacturing companies These tend to have better materials, books and equipment
Considerable attention to health and physical education Activities are very structured and highly regimented Routine and order are stressed, as well as discipline Natural curiosity of children is suppressed Those unable to conform are sent to kindergartens for children with special needs
Government-initiated program introducing a new philosophy Provide a comfortable and safe environment Aid in the psychological development Incorporate creative experiences (art, music)
Factors influencing accessibility of pre-school education Territorial- (Place of Residence) Socio-economic inequality of urban families Health of the child
Universal Child care benefit No benefit when low incomeRatios- 1:8 for kindergartens Ratios 1:30+ for kindergartensGreatly looked upon career Not as greatly looked upon careerDiploma, degree, masters, Masters or bachelorbachelorStart preschool as early as 3 Starts preschool around 7Licensed for home daycare/ day Licensed for home daycare/ daynursery nurserySimilar to the rainbow program Rainbow Program
1. What are 3 of the 5 types of kindergarten in present day Russian child care? 2. When was the first private kindergarten opened? 3. What is the name of the government initiated program in Russia? 4. How many days a week does kindergarten operate in Russia? 5. Name one factor that influences accessibility.