Russia pp 111111111

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Russia pp 111111111

  1. 1. By: Christina K, Amanda W, Victoria S, Erica S, and Katherine H
  2. 2.  Overview of Russia  History of Russian Childcare  Present Day Childcare  Funding  Philosophy  Rainbow program  Availability/Accessibility  Canada vs. Russia
  3. 3.  Population: 138,739,892  Total area: 17,098,242 sq km  The rise of the Russian empire originated from Moscow  During the Soviet period of Russia, ideology changed from Nationalist to Socialist.  when the ideals and ideas of Russia were being re- evaluated "Education was recognized as a most important way of liberating and developing the individual."
  4. 4.  The first private Kindergarten was open September 27th 1863 in St. Petersburg.  St. Petersburg Frobel society was founded in 1871 to promote primary education for pre-school age children.  The Russian State university implemented courses in their school systems to train teachers.  Laid foundations of Russian psychology
  5. 5.  Children’s centres began in the beginning of the 20th Century  Helped war victims  Combined functions of nurseries and kindergartens  Helped parents raise difficult children  Kindergarten’s for national minorities were established in 1909-1911 - Funded by education societies and private donations - Focused on cultural values and traditions  In 1909-1911 child colonies were also formed for ages 4-15 - Funded by local administrations and donations - About promoting child health
  6. 6.  Kindergartens based on Maria Montessori emerged in 1913  Before the Soviet Union, there were three types of kindergarten  Fee-paying private kindergarten  Free public kindergarten  Kindergartens with partial payment
  7. 7.  There are five types of kindergartens in Russia  Child development centres • Kindergartens operate 6 days a week • Known as “zero classes” or “sixes”  Kindergartens focused on one or more developmental domains  Kindergartens prioritizing the correction of abnormalities  Kindergartens focusing on health improvements (sanitation, hygiene)  Combined kindergartens
  8. 8.  Most kindergartens are state funded and operated  Exteriors are often run-down  Some are financially supported by utility or manufacturing companies  These tend to have better materials, books and equipment
  9. 9.  Considerable attention to health and physical education  Activities are very structured and highly regimented  Routine and order are stressed, as well as discipline  Natural curiosity of children is suppressed  Those unable to conform are sent to kindergartens for children with special needs
  10. 10.  Government-initiated program introducing a new philosophy  Provide a comfortable and safe environment  Aid in the psychological development  Incorporate creative experiences (art, music)
  11. 11.  Factors influencing accessibility of pre-school education  Territorial- (Place of Residence)  Socio-economic inequality of urban families  Health of the child
  12. 12. Universal Child care benefit No benefit when low income Ratios- 1:8 for kindergartens Ratios 1:30+ for kindergartens Greatly looked upon career Not as greatly looked upon career Diploma, degree, masters, bachelor Masters or bachelor Start preschool as early as 3 Starts preschool around 7 Licensed for home daycare/ day nursery Licensed for home daycare/ day nursery Similar to the rainbow program Rainbow Program
  13. 13.  1. What are 3 of the 5 types of kindergarten in present day Russian child care?  2. When was the first private kindergarten opened?  3. What is the name of the government initiated program in Russia?  4. How many days a week does kindergarten operate in Russia?  5. Name one factor that influences accessibility.

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