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Computer Ethics Presentation

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  • 1. Computer Ethics Erin Borgmann Kate Speach
  • 2. Copyright Laws and Ethical Considerations
    • Respect for ownership
    • Respect for privacy
    • “Contributing to the benefit of society”- teaching students through the use of existing knowledge
  • 3. Copyright Laws- An Overview
    • Copyright laws are designed to protect the intellectual property of authors, artists, filmmakers, web designers, etc., so that their own work isn’t stolen for someone else’s profit.
    • Educators are somewhat protected under Section 107 of the copyright laws, which allow for fair use in educational pursuits.
  • 4. What is Ethical?
    • Many people, including educators and students, are very confused about what is and isn’t allowed by law.
    • To help clarify, www.techlearning.com has designed a quiz as part of their Educator’s Guide to Copyright and Fair Use. Answer these following questions from the quiz with true or false to test your knowledge.
    • (By the way, the website: http://www.techlearning.com/db_area/archives/TL/2002/10/copyright_answers.php gives permission for use of the quiz questions and their additional recommendations.)
  • 5. Question 1: Computers and Software Category
    • Q: A geography teacher has more students and computers than software. He uses a CD burner to make several copies of a copyright interactive CD-ROM so each student can use an individual copy in class. This is fair use.
    • A: False. Just as with a print encyclopedia, one student at a time has access to a piece of software. The number of students who can use a software program simultaneously is restricted to the number of copies the school owns
  • 6. Question 2: Internet Category
    • Q: A teacher gets clip art and music from popular file-sharing sites, then creates a lesson plan and posts it on the school Web site to share with other teachers. This is permissible.
    • A: False. Legitimately acquired material can be used in classrooms. However, under the current law, no teacher can redistribute such material over the Net or any other medium. You can use it, but you can't spread it around.
  • 7. Question 3: Video Category
    • Q: A history class videotapes a Holocaust survivor who lives in the community. The students digitally compress the interview, and, with the interviewee's permission, post it on the Web. Another school discovers the interview online and uses it in their History Day project. This is fair use.
    • A: True. That's the other side of fair use. Just as you can use other people's intellectual property for educational purposes without permission, so can your own be used.
  • 8. Question 4: Multimedia Category
    • Q: Last year, a school's science fair multimedia CD-ROM was so popular everyone wanted a copy of it. Everything in it was copied under fair use guidelines. It's permissible for the school to sell copies to recover the costs of reproduction.
    • A: False. Fair use allows educational use of copyright material, true, but it does so only if there is no anticipation of wider distribution.
  • 9. Quiz Reactions
    • Any surprises?
    • What really is Fair Use, and how do we implement it in the classroom?
  • 10. What is Educational Fair Use?
    • Educators are just as responsible as students for properly using and citing other people’s work in their classrooms.
    • Fair Use guidelines can be confusing, but there is flexibility when it comes to using materials for educational purposes.
  • 11. Fair Use Guidelines
    • For short printed works (documents less than 2,500 words, poems less than 250 words), teachers may make multiple copies (1 per student) of original works they legally acquired.
    • http://www.techlearning.com/techlearning/pdf/db_area/archives/TL/2002/10/copyright_chart.pdf
  • 12. Fair Use Guidelines
    • For computer software and licenses, the software may be installed on multiple computers, but users may not exceed the number of licenses purchased. Copies may only be made “to replace lost, damaged, or stolen copies if software is unavailable at a fair price or in a viable format.”
    • http://www.techlearning.com/techlearning/pdf/db_area/archives/TL/2002/10/copyright_chart.pdf
  • 13. Fair Use Guidelines
    • Images, sound files, and video may be downloaded off the Internet to be used in the classroom by students and teachers, but the website where the file was downloaded must have legally acquired the material.
    • http://www.techlearning.com/techlearning/pdf/db_area/archives/TL/2002/10/copyright_chart.pdf
  • 14. Fair Use Guidelines
    • To remain on the safe side, teachers and students should always:
      • Make sure the material they are using was legally acquired.
      • Cite the source of the material used and give credit to the creator
      • Respect other people’s online privacy.
  • 15. Fair Use Guidelines
    • Teachers and students should never:
      • Take credit for work that is not their own.
      • Illegally download pirated materials, such as music or video files.
  • 16. Issues Educators Face
    • Lack of knowledge about Fair Use laws and Acceptable Use policies
    • Lack of materials in the classroom that can/could be obtained from the Internet or other media sources
    • Pressure to use and incorporate multimedia resources in classrooms without proper knowledge about how to legally use the material
    • Teaching students about plagiarism, fair use, and acceptable use policies
    • Enforcing laws and policies with students
  • 17. Support from Web and Software Developers
    • Professional Developers can help educators and students in the development phase by:
    • Clearly outlining on their products/websites what is legally acceptable and what is not
    • Building in restrictions for what can’t be copied and allowing copies of what can be copied and used
  • 18. Support from Web and Software Developers
    • Professional Developers can help educators and students in the post-production and research phases by:
    • Helping educational institutions develop a consistent and applicable set of conduct rules for schools’ use
    • Updating schools/districts when copyright laws change
  • 19. Support from Teacher Preparation Programs
    • Teacher preparation programs should incorporate legal and ethical considerations courses as part of their teacher education programs so teachers enter the workforce prepared to handle this issue
    • Colleges/universities should support local school districts by offering courses on legal and ethical considerations in the classroom to teachers and administrators
  • 20. References/Helpful Websites
    • http://www.techlearning.com/db_area/archives/TL/2002/10/copyright.php
    • http://www.computerlearning.org/articles/respmyth.htm
    • http://www.benedict.com/
    • http://www.cybercrime.gov/cyberethics.htm
    • http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/os/technology/safety.html
    • http://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/students/mickley/ethicsnew.htm

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