Commodity Trade - TEA

1,255 views
870 views

Published on

A presentation about Commodity Trade - TEA. Describing history, different kinds of tea and its world production.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,255
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
26
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Commodity Trade - TEA

  1. 1. Commodity Trade: TEA Kateřina Lančová 3MO523 International Trade Spring 2012/2013
  2. 2. Content  Facts About Tea  The History Of Tea  Manufacturing And Varieties  Potential Health Benefits Of Tea       Production Logistics Organizations Where can we trade it? The Price of Tea Major Players in Trade with Tea
  3. 3. The Facts about Tea  70,000 cups drunk per second  Tea plantations: India, Sri Lanka, East Africa  50 million people involved in Tea industry  Leaves and buds of the Camellia Sinensis plant
  4. 4. The History of Tea  Tradition and Rituals  An act, an experience  Legends  Eyelids of Bodhidharma  The Emperor´s accidental Brew
  5. 5. The History in shortage 4th century 8th century 780 AD 5th century 6th century 1516 17th century 1660 1679 1767 1820 1904 1908 1990 China – originally as medicine Very popular and widely spread in China The very first Tea Tax Turkish traders brought tea along the Silk Road to Europe Accompanied Buddhist monks to Japan – a big part of Japanese lives Portuguese finding a sea route to China – trade with Europe can fully start Dutch entering the trade British entering the trade through the largest monopoly in world history – East India Company Tea traded on London Tea Auction Boston Tea Party The establishment of large scale commercial tea production in India Discovery of Ice Tea Discovery of a Tea Bag The tea trade is moved to the London Chamber of Commerce
  6. 6. Manufacturing  Grown in literally thousands of gardens and estates throughout the world  China, Japan, India, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), and Taiwan (Formosa) --- > unique character and flavor  Manufacture  Orthodox  CTC (crust-tear-curl)
  7. 7. Varieties • „True Tea“ --- > Any leaf, root, fruit or flower that comes from a different plant is considered an herbal tea. • 4 categories --- > own individual appearance, taste and aroma • Oxidation
  8. 8. Potential Health Benefits of Tea • Essential Oils - source of tea’s delicious flavor and aroma • Polyphenols - antioxidants • Phytonutrients - small amounts of vitamins, minerals, and amino acids including L-theanine • Enzymes • Methylxanthines - which are a family of alkaloids that include caffeine. --- > cardiovascular health, cancer risk reduction, boosts immunity, inhibit plaque formation
  9. 9. Tea and caffeine Beverage Espresso Amount of caffeine in 200 ml of beverage 50 – 150 Filter coffee 60 – 80 Instant coffee 40 - 70 Black tea 40 – 60 Oolong tea 30 – 50 Green tea 15 - 20 Red tea 0 Herb and fruit infusions 0 A healthy individual - 350 mg of caffeine per day without any concern
  10. 10. Production  Globally, tea is cultivated in 36,591,938 ha with an annual production of 4.518.060.000 Kg  Global market for hot beverages (coffee and tea)  forecasted to reach US$69.77 billion in value and 10.57 million tons in volume year 2015 (GIA, 2011).
  11. 11. The world production of Tea
  12. 12. World Tea Production (FAO 2008)
  13. 13. Logistics  Packaging • • • • • Tea Bags Loose tea Compressed tea Instant tea Bottled and canned tea  Transportation • in light plywood chests • by ship, truck, railroad, aircraft
  14. 14. Organizations  International Tea Committee • valuable statistical information for 75 years  Fair Trade International • 4 important benefits: • Stable prices • Fairtrade Premium • Partnership • Empowerment of farmers and workers
  15. 15. Where can we trade tea?  Not traded on the exchange market  Auctions --- > makes it possible to distribute a large quantity of tea within a shortest period and with an organized manner.  The most famous auctions • • • • London Tea Auction Guwahati Tea Auction Centre The Chittagong Tea Auction Siliguri Tea Auction Centre  The three main modes preferred for the disposal of tea are: • through auction • ex-factory or ex-garden sale • Forward contract
  16. 16. Price of Tea (past 6 months) Source: www.indexmundi.com/commodities
  17. 17. Price of Tea (past 30 years) Source: www.indexmundi.com/commodities
  18. 18. Tea Exporters Source: www.trademap.org
  19. 19. Tea Importers Source: www.trademap.org
  20. 20. Top Tea Companies Source: Euromonitor International
  21. 21. Sources         www.tea.co.uk www.arborteas.com www.wtea.com www.octaviatea.com www.inttea.com www.teaboard.gov.in www.blog.euromonitor.com www.indexmundi.com
  22. 22. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! AND PLEASE KATERINA

×