Ελληνιστική εποχή Hellenistic period 323 -146 πΧ The Hellenistic period of Ancient Greek history was the period between the death of Alexander the Great (Alexander III of Macedon) in 323 BC and the annexation of the Greek peninsula and islands by Rome in 146 BC .
Ρωμαϊκή περίοδος 146 πΧ -33 μΧ Roman Greece Roman Greece is the period of Greek history (of the Greece proper as opposed to the other centers of Hellenism in the Roman world) following the Roman victory over the Corinthians at the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC until the reestablishment of the city of Byzantium and the naming of the city by the Emperor Constantine as the capital of the Roman Empire (as Nova Roma , later Constantinople ) in 330.
Βυζαντινή περίοδος 330 -1453 μΧ Byzantine empire is also known as the Eastern Roman Empire of the Middle Ages and the Empire of the Greeks because of the dominance of Greek language , culture and population. Emperor Constantine I was the first " Byzantine Emperor ". It was he who moved the imperial capital in 324 AD from Nicomedia to Byzantium , refounded as Constantinople , or Nova Roma (" New Rome ")
Οθωμανική περίοδος 1452 -1821 μΧ Ottoman Greece Most of Greece was part of the Ottoman Empire from the 14th century until its declaration of independence in 1821 .
Νεότερη περίοδος 1821 – σήμερα Modern Greece The Kingdom of Greece ( Greek : Βασίλειον τῆς Ἑλλάδος , Vasíleion tīs Elládos ) was a state established in 1832 in the Convention of London
Με τον όρο Μικρασιατική καταστροφή περιγράφεται η τελευταία φάση του Ανατολικού ζητήματος , δηλαδή το τέλος του ελληνοτουρκικού πολέμου του 1921-22, η κατάλυση από την Τουρκία της ελληνικής διοίκησης που είχε εγκατασταθεί στα δυτικά μικρασιατικά παράλια κατά τη Συνθήκη των Σεβρών και η εκδίωξη του ελληνικού στρατού και μεγάλου μέρους τους ελληνικού πληθυσμού από τη Μικρά Ασία . Τα γεγονότα αυτά Ασίας είχαν ως αποτέλεσμα τον ερχομό 1,5 εκατομμυρίων προσφύγων στην Ελλάδα . Population exchange between Greece and Turkey The 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey is the first large scale population exchange , or agreed mutual expulsion in the 20th century . It involved some two million people, most forcibly made refugees and de jure denaturalized from homelands of centuries or millennia, in a treaty promoted and overseen by the international community as part of the Treaty of Lausanne . The document about the population exchange was signed at Lausanne , Switzerland in 1923 , between the governments of Greece and Turkey . The exchange took place between Turkish citizens of the Greek Orthodox religion established in Turkish territory, and of Greek citizens of the Muslim religion established in Greek territory.
The Greek Civil War (Ελληνικός εμφύλιος πόλεμος was fought between 1946 and 1949 The Greek military junta of 1967-1974 or in Greece "The Junta" ( Greek : Η Χούντα) and "The Seven Years" ( Greek : Η Επταετία) Rule by the military started in the morning of 21 April 1967 with a coup d'état led by a group of colonels of the Greek military , and ended in July 1974. The Axis occupation of Greece during World War II ( Greek : Η Κατοχή , I Katochi , meaning "The Occupation") began in April 1941 after the German and Italian invasion of Greece , and was done together with Bulgarian forces. It lasted until the German withdrawal from the mainland in October 1944 . In some cases however, such as in Crete and other islands, German garrisons remained in control until May or even June 1945 .
The history of the Hellenic Republic constitutes three discrete periods in modern Greek History : 1822 - 1832 , 1924 - 1935 and 1974 - present.