<ul><ul><li>Is the total volume of the water at or near the earth surface which  is approximately 1 500 000 000 km cube. <...
<ul><ul><ul><li>Is the study of waters of the earth in their several states ( solid, liquid, gas) and the  diverse path th...
<ul><li>ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Glacial ice </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh water in lakes and rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Atmospheri...
<ul><li>NORTHERN HEMISPHERE </li></ul><ul><li>SOUHTERN HEMISHPERE  </li></ul>
<ul><li>MARINE WATER-coastal and oceanic  </li></ul><ul><li>SUBSURFACE WATER- well, geyser, aquifer </li></ul><ul><li>FRES...
<ul><li>the scientific study and exploration of the oceans and the seas in all their aspects. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Biological world of the oceans </li></ul><ul><li>Physical aspects of sea water </li></ul><ul><li>Ocean floor and t...
<ul><li>GEOLOGICAL  OCEANOGRAPHY </li></ul><ul><li>BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMICAL OCEANOGRAPHY </li></...
<ul><ul><li>Is a major primary subdivision of the intercommunicating body of salt water occupying the depressions of the e...
<ul><li>THE ATMOSPHERE FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>THE RISEN FALL </li></ul><ul><li>THE OCEANIC FORM </li></ul>
<ul><li>BATHAL ZONE -2,000 m( 6,560 ft.)  </li></ul><ul><li>ABYSSAL ZONE -2,000-6,000 m (6,560- 19, 690 ft.) </li></ul><ul...
 
<ul><li>the importance of the is that: </li></ul><ul><li>it may help us solve the food problem </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge...
 
<ul><li>1. Water Sampling Bottles </li></ul>
<ul><li>2. Deep-Sea Thermometer </li></ul>
<ul><li>3. Bottom Samplers </li></ul>
<ul><li>4. Current Meters </li></ul>
<ul><li>5. Sonic Depth Records </li></ul><ul><li>6. Deep Sea Cameras </li></ul>
<ul><li>OCEAN   FLOOR -  the near-horizontal surface of the ocean basin </li></ul>
<ul><li>TRENCH </li></ul><ul><li>ISLAND ARCH </li></ul><ul><li>MID-OCEANIC RIDGE </li></ul><ul><li>CONTINENTAL SLOPE </li>...
 
 
<ul><li>the alternate rising and falling of the surface of the ocean  </li></ul>
<ul><li>SPRING TIDES ( greater tides) </li></ul><ul><li>NEAP TIDES ( smaller tides) </li></ul>
<ul><li>PACIFIC OCEAN- 3/8  </li></ul><ul><li>ATLANTIC OCEAN- ¼ </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN OCEAN- 1/8 </li></ul><ul><li>ARCT...
<ul><li>- is the boundaries and distinctive  water properties due to: </li></ul><ul><li>a. restricted communication with t...
<ul><li>ANDAMAN SEA </li></ul><ul><li>BALTIC SEA </li></ul><ul><li>BARENTS SEA </li></ul><ul><li>BERING SEA </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>SODIUM CHLORIDE  </li></ul><ul><li>MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE </li></ul><ul><li>MAGNESIUN SULFATE </li></ul><ul><li>CALCIU...
<ul><li>world’s source of Mg, Br </li></ul><ul><li>Important salt of ordinary </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as great heat reservo...
<ul><li>the complete cycle through which water passes from the oceans, through the atmosphere, to the land and back to the...
PROCESSES PRODUCTS OCCURENCE 1. EVAPORATION Water  vapor Water bodies 2. CONDENSATION Cloud atmosphere 3. PRECIPITATION Ra...
<ul><li>absorbed water in pore spaces half filled with air in the zone of aeration and in the zone of saturation. </li></u...
<ul><li>Agent of erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Equalizer of stream flow </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as storehouse providing water t...
 
<ul><li>METEORIC WATER- precipitate </li></ul><ul><li>Water trapped in microscopic spaces in sedimentary rocks </li></ul><...
<ul><li>WELL- hole that is dug or drilled deep enough in to the ground to reach the water table </li></ul><ul><li>AQUIFER-...
<ul><li>an inland body of water, small to moderately large, with its surface water exposed to the atmosphere </li></ul>
<ul><li>1. Existence of a depression / basin without an outlet at the bottom </li></ul><ul><li>2. Depressed water table </...
<ul><li>DIASTROPHISM </li></ul><ul><li>GLACIAL ACTION </li></ul><ul><li>VOLCANIC ACTION </li></ul>
<ul><li>SEDIMENT BUILDS </li></ul><ul><li>SWAMP FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>LAKE DISAPPEAR </li></ul>
<ul><li>KETTLE LAKE </li></ul><ul><li>TARN </li></ul><ul><li>VOLCANIC LAKE </li></ul><ul><li>OXBOW LAKE </li></ul>
<ul><li>Provide cheap transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Serves as water reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Provide water for gener...
<ul><li>-basin that  becomes partly or completely filled with fresh and decayed vegetation sediment in water. </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>-natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course. </li></ul><ul><li>-a large, natural fr...
<ul><li>A river may begin its life in glaciated part of the world. Melting ice and snow from a glacier feed mountain strea...
<ul><li>WATERFALL -  a perpendicular or nearly perpendicular descent of water in a stream </li></ul><ul><li>-stream of wat...
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The earth’s hydroshpere

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report in natsci III-A ACCS

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The earth’s hydroshpere

  1. 2. <ul><ul><li>Is the total volume of the water at or near the earth surface which is approximately 1 500 000 000 km cube. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><ul><ul><li>Is the study of waters of the earth in their several states ( solid, liquid, gas) and the diverse path that link together the oceans, atmospherics moisture and surface and ground in the water in the continent. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Glacial ice </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh water in lakes and rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Atmospheric water vapor </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>NORTHERN HEMISPHERE </li></ul><ul><li>SOUHTERN HEMISHPERE </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>MARINE WATER-coastal and oceanic </li></ul><ul><li>SUBSURFACE WATER- well, geyser, aquifer </li></ul><ul><li>FRESH SURFACE WATER- river, stream, lakes, swamps, waterfalls </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>the scientific study and exploration of the oceans and the seas in all their aspects. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Biological world of the oceans </li></ul><ul><li>Physical aspects of sea water </li></ul><ul><li>Ocean floor and the sediments that accumulate there </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry of sea water </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>GEOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY </li></ul><ul><li>BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMICAL OCEANOGRAPHY </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><ul><li>Is a major primary subdivision of the intercommunicating body of salt water occupying the depressions of the earth’s surface bounded by continents and imaginary lines. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>THE ATMOSPHERE FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>THE RISEN FALL </li></ul><ul><li>THE OCEANIC FORM </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>BATHAL ZONE -2,000 m( 6,560 ft.) </li></ul><ul><li>ABYSSAL ZONE -2,000-6,000 m (6,560- 19, 690 ft.) </li></ul><ul><li>HADAL ZONE – below 6,000 m ( 19, 690 ft.) </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>the importance of the is that: </li></ul><ul><li>it may help us solve the food problem </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge of ocean’s current and its effects on air movements will help to control the earths climate </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>1. Water Sampling Bottles </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>2. Deep-Sea Thermometer </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>3. Bottom Samplers </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>4. Current Meters </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>5. Sonic Depth Records </li></ul><ul><li>6. Deep Sea Cameras </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>OCEAN FLOOR - the near-horizontal surface of the ocean basin </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>TRENCH </li></ul><ul><li>ISLAND ARCH </li></ul><ul><li>MID-OCEANIC RIDGE </li></ul><ul><li>CONTINENTAL SLOPE </li></ul><ul><li>CONTINENTAL SHELF </li></ul><ul><li>SUBMARINE CANYON </li></ul><ul><li>ABYSSAL PLAIN </li></ul><ul><li>SEAMOUNT </li></ul><ul><li>GUYOT </li></ul><ul><li>ISLAND </li></ul>
  20. 25. <ul><li>the alternate rising and falling of the surface of the ocean </li></ul>
  21. 26. <ul><li>SPRING TIDES ( greater tides) </li></ul><ul><li>NEAP TIDES ( smaller tides) </li></ul>
  22. 27. <ul><li>PACIFIC OCEAN- 3/8 </li></ul><ul><li>ATLANTIC OCEAN- ¼ </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN OCEAN- 1/8 </li></ul><ul><li>ARCTIC OCEAN </li></ul><ul><li>ANTARTIC OCEAN </li></ul>
  23. 28. <ul><li>- is the boundaries and distinctive water properties due to: </li></ul><ul><li>a. restricted communication with the open sea </li></ul><ul><li>b. influence of the adjacent of continents or variable wind pattern </li></ul><ul><li>c. usually excessive precipitation and river discharge </li></ul>
  24. 29. <ul><li>ANDAMAN SEA </li></ul><ul><li>BALTIC SEA </li></ul><ul><li>BARENTS SEA </li></ul><ul><li>BERING SEA </li></ul><ul><li>CARIBBEAN SEA </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA SEA </li></ul><ul><li>HUDSAN BAY </li></ul><ul><li>MEDITERRANEAN SEA </li></ul><ul><li>NORTH SEA </li></ul><ul><li>RED SEA </li></ul><ul><li>SEA OF JAPAN </li></ul><ul><li>SEA OF OKHOTSK </li></ul>
  25. 30. <ul><li>SODIUM CHLORIDE </li></ul><ul><li>MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE </li></ul><ul><li>MAGNESIUN SULFATE </li></ul><ul><li>CALCIUM SULFATE </li></ul><ul><li>POTASSIUM SULFATE </li></ul><ul><li>CALCIUM CARBONATE </li></ul><ul><li>MAGNESIUM BROMIDE </li></ul>CHLORIDE 54.3% SODIUM 30.2% SULPHATE 7.6% CALCIUM 1.2% MAGNESIUM 3.7% OTHER CHEMICALS 1.9% POTASSIUM 1.1%
  26. 31. <ul><li>world’s source of Mg, Br </li></ul><ul><li>Important salt of ordinary </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as great heat reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the least expensive form of transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Margins of sea serve as one of the major sites of reaction </li></ul><ul><li>A dumping ground for many waste </li></ul><ul><li>Major potential source of protein and power </li></ul><ul><li>Source of food and water, building products, jewelry and fertilizer </li></ul>
  27. 32. <ul><li>the complete cycle through which water passes from the oceans, through the atmosphere, to the land and back to the ocean . </li></ul>
  28. 33. PROCESSES PRODUCTS OCCURENCE 1. EVAPORATION Water vapor Water bodies 2. CONDENSATION Cloud atmosphere 3. PRECIPITATION Rain Atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere 4. RUN OFF 5. PERCOLATION OF GROUND WATER
  29. 34. <ul><li>absorbed water in pore spaces half filled with air in the zone of aeration and in the zone of saturation. </li></ul><ul><li>GROUNDWATER </li></ul><ul><li>All subsurface water, especially that part is in the zone of saturation </li></ul><ul><li>Largest reservoir of unfrozen fresh water </li></ul>
  30. 35. <ul><li>Agent of erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Equalizer of stream flow </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as storehouse providing water to stream </li></ul><ul><li>Supply water biological needed by all living organisms </li></ul>
  31. 37. <ul><li>METEORIC WATER- precipitate </li></ul><ul><li>Water trapped in microscopic spaces in sedimentary rocks </li></ul><ul><li>MAGNETIC WATER- bound up in minerals </li></ul>
  32. 38. <ul><li>WELL- hole that is dug or drilled deep enough in to the ground to reach the water table </li></ul><ul><li>AQUIFER- a permeable body of rock capable of yielding quantities of groundwater to well and springs. </li></ul><ul><li>SPRING- occur wherever groundwater comes naturally to the surface </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES OF SPRING </li></ul><ul><li>1. MINERAL SPRING- with dissolved minerals </li></ul><ul><li>2. ALKALI SPRING of the dessert </li></ul><ul><li>3. SULFUR SPRING </li></ul><ul><li>HOT SPRING-formed when water gets heated by nearby magma before coming out of the earth </li></ul><ul><li>GEYSER- a hot spring that emits or throw steam and hot water in the air periodically </li></ul>
  33. 39. <ul><li>an inland body of water, small to moderately large, with its surface water exposed to the atmosphere </li></ul>
  34. 40. <ul><li>1. Existence of a depression / basin without an outlet at the bottom </li></ul><ul><li>2. Depressed water table </li></ul>
  35. 41. <ul><li>DIASTROPHISM </li></ul><ul><li>GLACIAL ACTION </li></ul><ul><li>VOLCANIC ACTION </li></ul>
  36. 42. <ul><li>SEDIMENT BUILDS </li></ul><ul><li>SWAMP FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>LAKE DISAPPEAR </li></ul>
  37. 43. <ul><li>KETTLE LAKE </li></ul><ul><li>TARN </li></ul><ul><li>VOLCANIC LAKE </li></ul><ul><li>OXBOW LAKE </li></ul>
  38. 44. <ul><li>Provide cheap transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Serves as water reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Provide water for generating electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Source of livelihood- fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Form of reaction </li></ul>
  39. 45. <ul><li>-basin that becomes partly or completely filled with fresh and decayed vegetation sediment in water. </li></ul><ul><li>REGIONS WHERE SWAMPS ARE COMMON: </li></ul><ul><li>1. GLACIAL REGION </li></ul><ul><li>2. COASTAL REGION </li></ul><ul><li>3. FLOOD PLAINS AND DELT’S OF RIVERS </li></ul>
  40. 46. <ul><li>-natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course. </li></ul><ul><li>-a large, natural freshwater surface stream having permanent or seasonal flow and moving downwards the sea, lakes or another rive in a definite channel. </li></ul>
  41. 47. <ul><li>A river may begin its life in glaciated part of the world. Melting ice and snow from a glacier feed mountain streams. </li></ul><ul><li>OVERLAND FLOW </li></ul><ul><li>- Rainwater running downhill gathers into small streams called TRIBUTARIES, which join to form river. </li></ul>
  42. 48. <ul><li>WATERFALL - a perpendicular or nearly perpendicular descent of water in a stream </li></ul><ul><li>-stream of water descending suddenly from higher to a lower level </li></ul><ul><li>CASCADE- with small water volume </li></ul><ul><li>CATARACT - with large water volume </li></ul>
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