Jessie Lindsay New Nation Study Guide


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New Nation Study Guide by Jessie and Lindsay

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Jessie Lindsay New Nation Study Guide

  1. 1. Review for Life in the 1790’s
  2. 2. Vocabulary • What was the blueprint for the new government and when did it go into effect? • Who were the original members of George Washington cabinet and what was their role? • What is it called when power is divided between the states and national
  3. 3. Vocabulary Answers • The Constitution. It went into effect in the 1789. • The original members of the George Washington’s cabinet were Thomas Jefferson (Sec. State), Henry Knox (Sec. of War), Edmund Randolph (Att. Gen.), Alexander Hamilton (Sec. of Treasury) and Samuel Osgood (Postmaster Gen.) • Federalism
  4. 4. Life in 1790 • If you lived in 1790 how would you get from place to place? • Which state had the biggest population and why? What did it prove?
  5. 5. Answers to Life in 1790 • You would travel by boat, horse and buggy, and by foot. • Virginia had the most population because there were a lot of slaves which counted as 3/5 of a person. This proved that slavery was a big deal in the 1790’s
  6. 6. Geography of the U.S. in • Why were the Appalachian a hindrance to people who wanted to explore? • Who was the U.S. surrounded by?
  7. 7. Answers to Geography of • The Appalachian Mts. were a hindrance to explorers because they blocked the passages to the western territories and they were filled with Native Americans. • The U.S. was surrounded by Britain to the north and Spain to the west and south.
  8. 8. Important People • Which cabinet member wanted the federal government to have a lot of power? • Who was Washington’s vice president and how big was his role in the executive branch? • Which cabinet member had spent several years as the U.S. ambassador to France?
  9. 9. Answers to Important People • Alexander Hamilton • George Washington’s vice president was John Adams. His role was not very large because the vice president only got to observe congress debates, and step only if there was a tie in the votes. • Thomas Jefferson
  10. 10. Money Issues • How did Alexander Hamilton want to deal with the war debt? • How did Thomas Jefferson want to deal with the war debt? • Why were so many farmers poor after the war?
  11. 11. Answers to Money Issues • Alexander Hamilton wanted to tax everyone and create and National Bank • Thomas Jefferson did not to tax and create a National Bank to solve the debt. He wanted the Northern States to pay back what they owed. • Farmers were poor because the government had given them bonds for their money, but they were scared that they would not get the money back so they sold them to speculators for a lower price.
  12. 12. Loose vs. Strict Construction • Which cabinet member thought that the government should follow the Constitution word for word? • If congress wanted make a law banning spam in email because the Constitution granted congress to make laws that are necessary and proper, would this be loose or strict construction?
  13. 13. Loose vs. Strict Construction Answers • Thomas Jefferson. • This view would be considered loose construction because it doesn’t specifically say that congress can ban spam in email, but someone could infer that because it would be necessary and proper.
  14. 14. The National Bank • What did Alexander Hamilton propose we use a national bank for? • Why was a national bank a good idea?
  15. 15. Answers National Bank • Alexander Hamilton said we could use a national for storing tax money, loaning money to businesses, and to help establish a single currency for the nation. • A national bank was a good idea because it would help pay off the war debt.
  16. 16. Foreign Policies • Why did some people think that we should help France in the French Revolution? • How did Washington choose to deal with the French Revolution?
  17. 17. Answers to Foreign Policy • People thought the U.S. should help France in the French Revolution because we were allies, and France had been one of the key factors in winning the Revolutionary war, so we should help France win theirs. • Washington chose to stay neutral for war, because we didn’t have enough money or supplies, and they couldn’t risk alienating either of their allies.
  18. 18. The Neutrality Proclamation • In the neutrality proclamation, what was the punishment for helping either side in the French Revolution? Why did George Washington make such a severe punishment?
  19. 19. Answers to the Neutrality Proclamation • The punishment for helping either side of the French Revolution (if you were a U.S. citizen) was that the U.S. wouldn’t back the person up if they were caught, and the U.S. would charge them with a crime. George Washington made the punishment severe because he wanted to make it known that it would endanger the U.S., and he couldn’t risk making either side of the war angry.
  20. 20. George Washington and • How did George Washington deal with the issue of slavery? • What did George Washington intend to do with his slaves once he died?
  21. 21. Answers to George Washington and Slavery • George Washington didn’t mention slavery in public at all during his presidency. • When George Washington died, he intended for his slaves to be set free (but not the ones Martha owned). However, they got split between family and friends upon his death.
  22. 22. George Washington’s Farewell Address • Why did George Washington think that political parties were a very bad idea? • What warning did George Washington give to the public about alliances with other countries?
  23. 23. Answers to George Washington’s Farewell Address • George Washington thought that political parties were a bad idea because they were starting to be based on where people lived and not what they believed in. • George Washington warned the public that the countries should not make permanent alliance with other countries and expect and big favors from other countries because they weren’t real and the country should not grow used to expecting favors from others.
  24. 24. ¡THE END! By Lindsay Buff and Jessie Klinck