<ul><li>This strategy deals mainly with student motivation.
Students may not realize the relationship between effort and achievement.
Marzano states, "Students who believe the amount of effort they put into a task increases their achievement actually do better." </li></ul>TEACHING ABOUT EFFORT<br />
<ul><li>Most students are not aware of the importance of believing that their level of effort is related to their achievement. (Seligman, 1990, 1994; Urdan, Migley, and Anderman, 1998).
Student’s achievement can increase when teachers show the relationship between an increase in effort to an increase in success (Craske, 1985; Van Overwalle and De Metsenaere, 1990).
Students can learn to change their beliefs to an emphasis on effort. </li></ul>GENERALIZATIONS<br />
<ul><li>Students also need opportunities to track the relationship between effort and success.
Comparing scores on an effort rubric and a related achievement rubric can help create a visual representation of the positive effect of effort.</li></ul>EFFORT AND ACHIEVEMENT RUBRICS<br />
Feedback must be:<br />Responsive to specific aspects of student work. <br />Timely. <br />Feedback is a research-based strategy that teachers, and students, can practice to improve their success.<br />PROVIDING FEEDBACK<br />
<ul><li>Explicitly teach students that effort can improve achievement
Teachers can provide concrete, nonlinguistic reinforcement and recognition for student’s effort and successes, such as stickers, happy face drawings, awards, and treats. </li></ul>RECOGNITION<br />
PAUSE, PROMPT AND PRAISE<br />The “pause” phase is usually initiated by the teacher, who asks the student to stop working on the task for a moment when the student makes an error.<br />“Prompt” phase: The teacher provides the student with some specific suggestion for improving his/her performance.<br />The “praise” element provides a further opportunity for feedback based on the student’s success.<br />
1. Choose the five most populated cities in the world. (5 Points)<br />Tokyo, Japan 33,200,000<br />New York, USA 17,800,000<br />Sao Paulo, Brazil 17,700,000<br />Seoul, South Korea 17,500,000<br />Mexico, City. Mexico 17,400,000 <br />2. Which country has the longest coastline in the world? (1 Point)<br />CANADA<br /> <br />3. Which of these US cities is the furthest north? (1 Point)<br /> <br />CHICAGO <br />4. Which is the largest country in the world (in area)? (1 Point)<br /> <br />RUSSIA 17,075,200 Km2<br />ANSWERS<br />