Problem based learning[1]
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Problem based learning[1]

on

  • 246 views

Jairo's exposition

Jairo's exposition

Statistics

Views

Total Views
246
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
246
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Problem based learning[1] Problem based learning[1] Presentation Transcript

    • Step 1 create a problem
      Find a real life situation
      Multiple solutions
      Organize students in to teams
      Must raise students interest
    • Step 2 problem analysis
      Students list known facts
      Lists unknown facts
      Research unknowns
    • Step 3 test theories
      Students must model the situations to test their theories
      Students generate possible solutions
    • Step 4 presenting
      Students select the solution that fits best
      Students present their solutions and methods
    • Types of problem
      Well structured
      Ill structured problem
    • Well-structured problem
      Easy to define
      All information provided
      A single answer
      Lack of motivation
      Not like a real life problem
      More like the train A and the train B kind of a problem
    • Thinking frame
      Read the problem
      Record important information
      Use pictures and diagrams if need
      Decide on the pictures
      Solve
      Check your answer
      THE PROBLEM WITH THIS PROBLEM IS THAT DOES NOT MATCH REAL LIFE
    • ILL-structured problem
      Like real life
      Not all information provided
      Must be often redefined
      Many solutions
      Must be define and re-defined often
    • Teaching is problem solving
      How can I teach this skill or concept?
      How can I make this more interesting or student-centered?
      How can I best assess learning?
      How can I incorporate this new strategy into my classroom?
      How can I create a solution where students want to learn
    • Real problems in curriculum
      Social studies
      Science
      Math
      Language & arts
      Health
      Physical education
      the
    • PBL Subject Based Learning
      Vs
      Learn it
      Apply it
      Give a problem to illustrate how to use it
      Identify what
      we need to
      know
      START
      START
      Learn it
      Problem posed
      Told what we need to learn
    • Redefining problems
      how can we get tough on criminals and reduce crime?
      • What types of personal grow and empowerment programs, as well as education, employment and economic opportunities can we develop so people are less inclined to commit crime?
    • Redefining problems
      How can I get students in my class to be quiet and behave?
      • How can I do to create a curriculum that is interesting and relevant so students will want to be engaged and participate?
    • Examples Ill-structured
      of
      How can we become less independent on foreign oil?
      • How can we create cheaper energy sources?
      • How can we create less expensive and more-green cars?
      • How can we stop global warming?
    • PBL
      Hands on and students centered
      • Promotes teamwork
      • Promotes individualization
      • Motivates students to learn
      • Works on real life problems
    • Problem solving strategies
      Algorithm
      Specific steps to come up with one correct answer
      • Heuristic
      • General problem solving strategy
      • There are two types
      • Create Problem Solving (CPS)
      • Means End Analysis
    • CPS thinking frame
      Define problem
      • Generate as many solutions as possible
      • Choose a solution that seems the best
      • Elaborate and refine
      • Implement the solution
      • Review, evaluate and refine as necessary
    • MEA thinking frame
      Describe the current state
      • Describe the desired state
      • Generate a list of necessary steps to do
    • Brainstorming
      All ideas must be accepted
      • The goal is quantity
      • Freewheeling is celebrated
    • Decision making
      Evaluate decisions
      • Take into account all factors
    • Inspired on Dr. Andrew
      Minnesota state university, Mankato
      • johnson@mnsu.edu
      Check
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58NH8q8Gv14&feature=related
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7kizmJANu8&feature=related
    • Dear colleagues
      Questions?
      • Thanks a lot for your time