Problem based learning[1]
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Problem based learning[1]

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Jairo's exposition

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Problem based learning[1] Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Step 1 create a problem
    Find a real life situation
    Multiple solutions
    Organize students in to teams
    Must raise students interest
  • 2. Step 2 problem analysis
    Students list known facts
    Lists unknown facts
    Research unknowns
  • 3. Step 3 test theories
    Students must model the situations to test their theories
    Students generate possible solutions
  • 4. Step 4 presenting
    Students select the solution that fits best
    Students present their solutions and methods
  • 5. Types of problem
    Well structured
    Ill structured problem
  • 6. Well-structured problem
    Easy to define
    All information provided
    A single answer
    Lack of motivation
    Not like a real life problem
    More like the train A and the train B kind of a problem
  • 7. Thinking frame
    Read the problem
    Record important information
    Use pictures and diagrams if need
    Decide on the pictures
    Solve
    Check your answer
    THE PROBLEM WITH THIS PROBLEM IS THAT DOES NOT MATCH REAL LIFE
  • 8. ILL-structured problem
    Like real life
    Not all information provided
    Must be often redefined
    Many solutions
    Must be define and re-defined often
  • 9. Teaching is problem solving
    How can I teach this skill or concept?
    How can I make this more interesting or student-centered?
    How can I best assess learning?
    How can I incorporate this new strategy into my classroom?
    How can I create a solution where students want to learn
  • 10. Real problems in curriculum
    Social studies
    Science
    Math
    Language & arts
    Health
    Physical education
    the
  • 11. PBL Subject Based Learning
    Vs
    Learn it
    Apply it
    Give a problem to illustrate how to use it
    Identify what
    we need to
    know
    START
    START
    Learn it
    Problem posed
    Told what we need to learn
  • 12. Redefining problems
    how can we get tough on criminals and reduce crime?
    • What types of personal grow and empowerment programs, as well as education, employment and economic opportunities can we develop so people are less inclined to commit crime?
  • Redefining problems
    How can I get students in my class to be quiet and behave?
    • How can I do to create a curriculum that is interesting and relevant so students will want to be engaged and participate?
  • Examples Ill-structured
    of
    How can we become less independent on foreign oil?
    • How can we create cheaper energy sources?
    • 13. How can we create less expensive and more-green cars?
    • 14. How can we stop global warming?
  • PBL
    Hands on and students centered
    • Promotes teamwork
    • 15. Promotes individualization
    • 16. Motivates students to learn
    • 17. Works on real life problems
  • Problem solving strategies
    Algorithm
    Specific steps to come up with one correct answer
    • Heuristic
    • 18. General problem solving strategy
    • 19. There are two types
    • 20. Create Problem Solving (CPS)
    • 21. Means End Analysis
  • CPS thinking frame
    Define problem
    • Generate as many solutions as possible
    • 22. Choose a solution that seems the best
    • 23. Elaborate and refine
    • 24. Implement the solution
    • 25. Review, evaluate and refine as necessary
  • MEA thinking frame
    Describe the current state
    • Describe the desired state
    • 26. Generate a list of necessary steps to do
  • Brainstorming
    All ideas must be accepted
    • The goal is quantity
    • 27. Freewheeling is celebrated
  • Decision making
    Evaluate decisions
    • Take into account all factors
  • Inspired on Dr. Andrew
    Minnesota state university, Mankato
    • johnson@mnsu.edu
    Check
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58NH8q8Gv14&feature=related
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7kizmJANu8&feature=related
  • 28. Dear colleagues
    Questions?
    • Thanks a lot for your time