Beyond Scaling Up: The role of social innovation

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This presentation was given at the 'Beyond Scaling Up: Pathways to Universal Access' workshop which was held at the Institute of Development Studies, Brighton on the 24-25 May, 2010. This event was co-sponsored by the Future Health Systems Research Programme Consortium and the STEPS Centre. Gardner presented on the importance of social innovation.

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Beyond Scaling Up: The role of social innovation

  1. 1. What is “Social Innovation”? Beyond Scaling Up: 24-25 May, Brighton UK Charles A. Gardner, Ph.D.
  2. 3. <ul><li>Community-based participatory research (Islamic Republic of Iran) </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-insurance programmes (Africa, Bangladesh...) </li></ul><ul><li>Conditional cash transfers (Mexico, Brazil...) </li></ul><ul><li>Social franchising for product and service delivery (Kenya...) </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom-of-the-pyramid business models (CK Prahalad, WEF-Montreux) </li></ul><ul><li>Earmarking “sin” tax revenues for primary healthcare (Thailand...) </li></ul><ul><li>Contracting health services to NGOs or private sector (World Bank) </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing health system management efficiencies (talk, talk, talk…) </li></ul><ul><li>Price controls; incentives for generics substitution (many LMICs) </li></ul><ul><li>mHealth: mobile phones to collect & provide health information </li></ul><ul><li>Software assisted decision making... </li></ul>What is social innovation? Definition: better ways to manage people and information in the systems that affect health Examples: Bottom-of-the-pyramid business models (CK Prahalad, WEF-Montreux)
  3. 4. What is “innovation”? <ul><li>Innovation is a problem solving process : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from the generation of new ideas; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to their transformation into useful products, services, methods, management practices and policies ; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to their implementation . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complex adaptive systems </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation economics </li></ul>
  4. 5. Health System Health Innovation System Complex adaptive systems Health Research System
  5. 6. <ul><li>Inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Technology mgt. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge translation </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Product & service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Uptake and use </li></ul>Innovation is a process Generation of new ideas Transformation Implementation Education and financing
  6. 7. Social Innovation: Context specific Knowledge Translation Innovation economics Technological Innovation: Research Intellectual property Manufacture Regulation of safety & efficacy Product delivery One-size-fits-all Technology Management Research Knowledge Policy Practice Product and service delivery
  7. 8. Research Intellectual property Manufacture Regulation of safety & efficacy Product delivery <ul><li>Fast-track regulatory approval vouchers </li></ul><ul><li>Transferable patent extensions </li></ul><ul><li>Market analyses and disease burden data </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialization assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Global procurement and distribution funds </li></ul><ul><li>Local pooled procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Advance Market Commitments (AMCs) </li></ul><ul><li>Prizes for successful products </li></ul><ul><li>Government and global R&D funding </li></ul><ul><li>Tax breaks for private sector R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Blended value venture capital </li></ul><ul><li>Liability protection for manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Patent pooling; open source innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurship training </li></ul><ul><li>Public interest technology management </li></ul><ul><li>Product Development Partnerships (PDPs) </li></ul>Push Pull Adapted from CA Gardner, T Acharya and D Yach, Health Affairs , 26, no. 4 (2007): 1052-1061 Incentives Regulatory harmonization and integration Technological innovation system
  8. 9. <ul><li>Market analyses and disease burden data </li></ul><ul><li>Civil society and community participation </li></ul><ul><li>Educate policy makers on value of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and reward social entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Information / communications technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Local and ODA funding for health services </li></ul><ul><li>Prizes for successful social innovations? </li></ul><ul><li>Government and global R&D funding </li></ul><ul><li>Blended value venture capital </li></ul><ul><li>Social entrepreneurship training </li></ul><ul><li>Research policy leadership training </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage experimentation, lessons </li></ul><ul><li>“ Social innovation managers”? </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Translation Platforms </li></ul>Push Pull Incentives Social innovation system? Adapted from CA Gardner, T Acharya and D Yach, Health Affairs , 26, no. 4 (2007): 1052-1061 Research Knowledge Policy Practice Product and service delivery
  9. 10. Asking the right questions <ul><ul><li>How do you create a conducive policy environment for social innovation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(GLOBELICS; Ashoka, Schwab, Skoll) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are the social innovation managers; & prizes for social innovation; etc...? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where is the mechanism to share lessons learned? (WHO?) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. [email_address]

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