Cognitivism Table of ContentsWhat is it?TheoristsCognitivism for TeachersCognitivism for StudentsReferences
What is it?Replaced behaviorismPeople’s actions result from theirthoughtsHow the brain interprets the world
What is it continued…How people learnHow people thinkExplore the mind
TheoristsKurt Lewin – group/social interactionGagne – conditions of learningBloom – high order thinkingLawrence Kohlberg – moral developmentJean Piaget – groundbreaker of child psychological development
KohlbergInfluenced by PiagetBorn in 1927; attended Andover AcademyBA in psychology – University of ChicagoTaught at U of C and HarvardDoctorate in psychology
Kohlberg“Heinz Steals the Drugs”PreconventionalConventionalPostconventionalEach stage has two subcategories
Cognitivism for TeachersUnderstand why students obey/disobeyPredict student’s reactions to directionsWith technology teachers can predict if…• Students will (not) observe copyright rules• Students will (not) plagiarize• Students will understand information on websites
Cognitivism for TeachersTeachers should:• Emphasize main idea• Build on past lessons• Check student progress often• Have students perform several different examples
Cognitivism for StudentsStudents will:• Understand how they learn best• Understand their thought process• Understand how to study
Cognitivism for Students Cont…Students will learn the bestway to:• Understand computer programs• Interpret information on websites• Use computer hardware
ReferencesLearning Theories Knowledgebase (2012, April). Cognitivism at Learning-Theories.com. Retrieved April 6th, 2012 fromhttp://www.learning-theories.com/cognitivism.htmlAtherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Cognitive theories of learning [On-line: UK] retrieved 6 April 2012from http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/cognitive.htmJorda, M. & Campbell, S. (n.d.). Cognitivism and Constructivism. Florida Atlantic University. Retrieved fromhttp://www.coe.fau.edu/faculty/cafolla/courses/eme6051/cognitivism.htm.Daniels, V. (n.d.). Kurt Lewin Notes. Victor Daniels’ website in the psychology department at Somona University. Retrieved fromhttp://www.sonoma.edu/users/d/daniels/lewinnotes.html.Penn State. (n.d.). Gangé conditions of learning. Retrieved from http://www.personal.psu.edu/wxh139/gagne.htm.Crain, W.C. (1985). Theories of Development. Prentice-Hall. pp. 118-136. Retrieved fromhttp://faculty.plts.edu/gpence/html/kohlberg.htm.Kolk, Melinda. rodinthinker1.jpg. April 2003. Pics4Learning. 6 Apr 2012 http://pics.tech4learning.comCuesta College (n.d.). Memory Enhancement. Retrieved from http://academic.cuesta.edu/acasupp/as/264.htm.[ajc31366]. (2011, May 22). Cognitivism. Retrieved from www.youtube.com
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