Idiopathic pericardial effusion in dogs –a three
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Idiopathic pericardial effusion in dogs –a three

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    Idiopathic pericardial effusion in dogs –a three Idiopathic pericardial effusion in dogs –a three Presentation Transcript

    • IDIOPATHIC PERICARDIALEFFUSION IN DOGS –A THREEYEAR STUDYBy Katarina Pirtonen, VM12011
    • OUTLINE Introduction Study of Veterinary Hospital Bhoiguda Symptoms of the pericardial effusion Diagnosing Results Treatment References
    • INTRODUCTION Pericardial disease is not usual cardiac disease of dogs. In pericardial diseases, the fluid bunches up to the pericardial sac. The most common causes of pericardial effusion in dogs are cardiac hemangiosarcoma, idiopa thic pericardial effusion and chemodectoma, which lead to right sided heart failure.
    • STUDY OF VETERINARY HOSPITALBHOIGUDA 28dogs out of 811 dogs of different breed, sex and heart problems, were diagnosed with idiopathic pericardial effusion (IPE). The IPE was discovered in 13 Labrador retrievers, 6 Doberman pinschers, 5 German Shepards , 3 Spitz and 1 Great Dane.
    • STUDY OF VETERINARY HOSPITALBHOIGUDA The survey revealed, that pericardial effusion occurs often in male dogs at the age of 7,18 yrs The Labrador retrievers were most prone to the disease.
    • SYMPTOMS OF THE PERICARDIALEFFUSION exercise intolerance dyspnoea at rest weakness ascites cough anorexia pallor mucosa and cyanotic mucosa syncope following exertion or exercise and peripheral edema muffling sounds
    • DIAGNOSING Echocardiography was the most delicate way of diagnosing pericardial effusion Useful to distinguish different cardiac diseases which cause cardiomegaly on radiograph
    • RESULTS By echocardiography there were found free space area (hypoechoic to anechoic) between epicardium and pericardium low voltage QRS complexes with electrical alterans enlarged heart
    • TREATMENT The most efficient treatment were pericardiocentesis with frusemide and ramipril The improvement in physical activity, appetite and general condition was noticed Also cough, dyspnoea and cardiac murmurs alleviated.
    • REFERENCES Idiopathic Pericardial Effusion in Dogs - A three year study K. Satish Kumar, V. V. V. Amruth Kumar, P. Nagaraj, and D. S. Tirumala Rao Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine College of Veterinary Science, Rajendranagar Hyderabad – 500 030, Andhra Pradesh, India http://vetscan.co.in/v6n1/78-Idiopathic- Pericardial-Effusion-Dogs.htm