Nordicom 2009/2
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Nordicom 2009/2

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Nordicom 2009/2 Nordicom 2009/2 Presentation Transcript

  • Change in the society and the advent of multicultural organization Kaja Tampere, Phd University of Jyväskylä (FIN) www.kajatampere.wordpress.com
  • Purpose
    • The study aims to analyse what happens in organizations subject to radical change in their societal environment and organizational culture. Specifically, the study examines the situation where the organization impacts new managers who differ in nationality and cultural backround from most of the other employees in the organisation.
  • Questions
    • What is the effect go on the organization of such an event? What factors influence the organisational climate and work culture in such a situation? How do the different nationalities and cultures adapt and integrate in the same work environment? How do organizations develop and manage a culture of diversity? How much does society influence the organization’s internal life?
  • Method
    • The article is based on a previous study of an Estonian phone company. 20 in-depth interviews with middle and general manager and workers’ representatives had also worked in the company.
  • Concept of change
    • Change, transition and a constant turning into something are the ‘natural’ state of society.
    • It is paradoxical that even when changes are useful, expected and dreamed of, they can be painful.
    • The living systems approach
    • The comfort zones of everyday life were destroyed.
  • Concept of cultural trauma
    • cultural sphere is multi- layered, i.e. with the addition of a new culture the old one does not disappear but is always partly retained.
    • Culture is also an environment for change – people pick up different symbols, metaphors and other signs and use them to interpret and adapt to personal or collective changes
  • Concept of Cultural Invasion and Cultural Colonisation
    • Cultural colonization may also be a reason to cultural trauma as well as a result of the change.
    • The invasion theory as an explanation of change utilizes the idea of external conquest as providing the catalyst for the new ideas appearing in a culture, such as the arrival of novel artefacts or building styles.
  • Cultural tensions
    • Language
    • National culture and national character
    • Different understandings, incl societal experience
    • Humor
    • Traditions
    • etc