The Research Paper   Sandra Pesce, Librarian
Overview•   Choosing a Topic•   Finding Sources•   Evaluating Sources•   Documenting Sources
Choosing a Topic•   Clarify your assignment•   Use idea books to find a topic of interest•   Ask a librarian for guidance•...
Develop a Strategy• Jot down an outline of your thesis and  supporting points• Take notes from sources that support your  ...
Finding Sources• Library Web Page  – Books & E-Books  – Articles & Databases  – Web Sites• Other libraries• Societies, ass...
Evaluating Sources• Different Types of Sources  – Popular vs Scholarly  – Primary vs Secondary• “4 Cs” of Evaluating Sources
Popular: Magazine• Secondary source• By reporters for  general audience• “Eye candy”• Little or no  documentation• Adverti...
Scholarly: Journal• Primary source• By scientists for  scientists• Jargon, tables, text• References &  footnotes
Primary Source• Author as direct participant/observer of  research project or event• Raw data• Evidence without interpreta...
Secondary Source• Analysis, interpretation, explanation, or  restatement of a primary source• Often use primary sources to...
“4 Cs” of Evaluating Sources•   Content•   Credibility•   Currency•   Clarity
Documenting Sources: MLAMLA Handbook forWriters of ResearchPapers6th editionBy Joseph Gibaldi
Sample Book CitationAuthor. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication.Hacker, Diana. Research and Docume...
Documenting Sources: HackerResearch and Documentation in the Electro3rd EditionBy Diana Hacker
Research Assistance          • Ask a librarian for            assistance          • Use handbooks to            learn abou...
Works Cited TodayBolner, Myrtle S. and Gale A. Poirer. The Research  Process: Books and Beyond. 2nd ed, rev. printing.  Du...
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Research paper

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  • Library web site is crucial starting point. Take a look for an overview of library services and collections.
  • Sure, you might know the difference between a magazine and a journal, but what if the visual cues are not there? What if you are only looking at an electronic version of the article?
  • Important differences between Magazine & Journal to remember when using electronic sources, since the visual cues are not there, only text. Link to ProQuest: search on American Revolution– show tabs for scholarly, magazine, newspaper, etc.
  • Research paper

    1. 1. The Research Paper Sandra Pesce, Librarian
    2. 2. Overview• Choosing a Topic• Finding Sources• Evaluating Sources• Documenting Sources
    3. 3. Choosing a Topic• Clarify your assignment• Use idea books to find a topic of interest• Ask a librarian for guidance• Pick something of interest to you• Do a literature review to see how much information is available
    4. 4. Develop a Strategy• Jot down an outline of your thesis and supporting points• Take notes from sources that support your thesis and fit your outline• Diagram
    5. 5. Finding Sources• Library Web Page – Books & E-Books – Articles & Databases – Web Sites• Other libraries• Societies, associations
    6. 6. Evaluating Sources• Different Types of Sources – Popular vs Scholarly – Primary vs Secondary• “4 Cs” of Evaluating Sources
    7. 7. Popular: Magazine• Secondary source• By reporters for general audience• “Eye candy”• Little or no documentation• Advertisements
    8. 8. Scholarly: Journal• Primary source• By scientists for scientists• Jargon, tables, text• References & footnotes
    9. 9. Primary Source• Author as direct participant/observer of research project or event• Raw data• Evidence without interpretation or analysis beyond that provided by observer• Examples: diaries, letters, journals, surveys, autobiographies, statistics, court records Source: Bolner, Research Process, p. 54-55
    10. 10. Secondary Source• Analysis, interpretation, explanation, or restatement of a primary source• Often use primary sources to prove a point or persuade reader of a certain opinion• Examples: dictionaries, encyclopedias, textbooks, and books and articles that interpret or review research works Source: Bolner, Research Process, p. 55
    11. 11. “4 Cs” of Evaluating Sources• Content• Credibility• Currency• Clarity
    12. 12. Documenting Sources: MLAMLA Handbook forWriters of ResearchPapers6th editionBy Joseph Gibaldi
    13. 13. Sample Book CitationAuthor. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication.Hacker, Diana. Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age. 3rd ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2002.
    14. 14. Documenting Sources: HackerResearch and Documentation in the Electro3rd EditionBy Diana Hacker
    15. 15. Research Assistance • Ask a librarian for assistance • Use handbooks to learn about doing research
    16. 16. Works Cited TodayBolner, Myrtle S. and Gale A. Poirer. The Research Process: Books and Beyond. 2nd ed, rev. printing. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 2002.Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: Modern Language Association, 2003.Hacker, Diana. Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age. 3rd ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2002.

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