Policies for Developing Film Industry Clusters in the “pre-cluster” stage in Baltic states The Creative Industries and Creative Communities Conference 11 November 2009, Staffordshire University Prof. Dr. Tatjana Volkova Department of Management, BA School of Business and Finance (Riga, Latvia) [email_address] Kaspars Steinbergs PhD student, Ventspils University College (Ventspils, Latvia) [email_address]
M. Porter: A geographically proximate group of interconnected companies and associated institutions in a particular field, linked by commonalities and complementarities
Cluster development is a typical example of " bottom-up " approach with the important role of " top-down " governmental policy
Both "bottom-up" and "top-down" activities should be appropriate in each stage of the cluster life cycle
Cluster life cycle Pre-Cluster (no cluster) : Characterized by slow to negative growth and an employment concentration that is not significantly different to the national employment level in that industry.
Creative industries role in economy Source: KEA: The Economy of Culture in Europe, 2006 Value added to national GDP - 2003 Cultural & cultural tourism employment (% of total employment) - 2004 Estonia 2,4 % 3,6 % Latvia 1,8 % 3,2 % Lithuania 1,7 % 2,3 % UK 3,0 % 3,8 %