FERMENTATION & FERMENTED FOOD By  SHUMAILA TABASUM   DEPTT  BIOTECHNOLOGY   UNDER KIND SUPERVIION OF MADAM SUGHRA MANGRIO
BIOTECHNOLOGY <ul><li>Biotechnology is a field of applied  biology  that involves the use of living organisms and bio-proc...
INSULIN PRODUCTION THROUGH Rec. DNA Tech;
<ul><li>Ancient biotechnology - early history as related to food and shelter; Includes domestication </li></ul><ul><li>Cla...
Benefits of Biotechnology Medicine Veterinary Biopharming Environment Agriculture Food products Industry and manufacturing
Medicine <ul><li>Certain   blood – derived products  needed in human medicine can be produced in the milk of goats and mic...
Environment <ul><li>A biotechnological process that may promote a good environmental conditions. eg; </li></ul><ul><li>Org...
<ul><li>Problems naturally solved by microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi. break down contaminant into a form less harmf...
Agr, and Forestry <ul><li>It includes; </li></ul><ul><li>Plant bio-tech </li></ul><ul><li>Animal bio-tech </li></ul>
Plant bio-tech <ul><li>Improve plants and the products produced from them </li></ul><ul><li>Insect and disease resistance ...
Animal Bio-tech <ul><li>Improve animals or the products they produce </li></ul><ul><li>Animals may be used to produce prod...
Molecular Bio-tech <ul><li>Changing the genetic make-up of an organism </li></ul><ul><li>Altering the structure and parts ...
GENETIC ENGENERING <ul><li>Manipulation of genes is called genetic engineering or recombinant DNA technology </li></ul><ul...
Genetic Engineering <ul><li>Changing the genetic information in a cell. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific trait of one organism m...
Transgenic <ul><li>Results of Gen. Eng. Are said to be “transgenic” </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic material in an organism has ...
THANX  4  UR  ATTENTION
Overview <ul><li>Summarize the main plans </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the long-term course to follow </li></ul>
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Biotechnology

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IT IS ALL ABOUT BIOTECHNOLOGY

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Biotechnology

  1. 2. FERMENTATION & FERMENTED FOOD By SHUMAILA TABASUM DEPTT BIOTECHNOLOGY UNDER KIND SUPERVIION OF MADAM SUGHRA MANGRIO
  2. 3. BIOTECHNOLOGY <ul><li>Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bio-processes in engineering , technology , medicine and other fields requiring bio-products </li></ul>The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity defines biotechnology as..... &quot;Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use .
  3. 4. INSULIN PRODUCTION THROUGH Rec. DNA Tech;
  4. 5. <ul><li>Ancient biotechnology - early history as related to food and shelter; Includes domestication </li></ul><ul><li>Classical biotechnology - built on ancient biotechnology; Fermentation promoted food production, and medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Modern biotechnology - manipulates genetic information in organism; Genetic engineering </li></ul>
  5. 6. Benefits of Biotechnology Medicine Veterinary Biopharming Environment Agriculture Food products Industry and manufacturing
  6. 7. Medicine <ul><li>Certain blood – derived products needed in human medicine can be produced in the milk of goats and microbes. </li></ul>Therapeutic - product used to maintain health or prevent disease . Bio-pharmaceuticals – drug or vaccine developed through biotechnology Called designer drugs .
  7. 8. Environment <ul><li>A biotechnological process that may promote a good environmental conditions. eg; </li></ul><ul><li>Organisms developed during the gulf war to “eat” oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Organism used in gold mining to “eat” contaminants. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Problems naturally solved by microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi. break down contaminant into a form less harmful or not harmful, for example ; </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-leaching, </li></ul><ul><li>bio remediation, </li></ul><ul><li>Phytoremediation, </li></ul><ul><li>deodorization. </li></ul>USE OF MICROBES
  9. 10. Agr, and Forestry <ul><li>It includes; </li></ul><ul><li>Plant bio-tech </li></ul><ul><li>Animal bio-tech </li></ul>
  10. 11. Plant bio-tech <ul><li>Improve plants and the products produced from them </li></ul><ul><li>Insect and disease resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Engineered to have desired characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>New horticultural and ornamental plants </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife, aquaculture, natural resources and environmental management </li></ul>
  11. 12. Animal Bio-tech <ul><li>Improve animals or the products they produce </li></ul><ul><li>Animals may be used to produce products that promote human health </li></ul><ul><li>For example; </li></ul>Pigs are engineered to produce human hemoglobin
  12. 13. Molecular Bio-tech <ul><li>Changing the genetic make-up of an organism </li></ul><ul><li>Altering the structure and parts of cells </li></ul><ul><li>genetic engineering uses, molecular mapping and similar processes. </li></ul>
  13. 14. GENETIC ENGENERING <ul><li>Manipulation of genes is called genetic engineering or recombinant DNA technology </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic engineering involves taking one or more genes from a location in one organism and either </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transferring them to another organism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Putting them back into the original organism in different combinations </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Genetic Engineering <ul><li>Changing the genetic information in a cell. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific trait of one organism may be isolated,cut, and moved into the cell of another organism. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Transgenic <ul><li>Results of Gen. Eng. Are said to be “transgenic” </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic material in an organism has been altered </li></ul>
  16. 17. THANX 4 UR ATTENTION
  17. 18. Overview <ul><li>Summarize the main plans </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the long-term course to follow </li></ul>

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