In that act sec.IV was very oppressive, as that not allow any scope for independent criticism of any government action.
2 nd arbitrary feature was that the provincial government was given power to decide what was an offending publication and what was an objectionable matter, and it was not ordinary courts that decide such matters.
Deposit was not less than Rs.1000 to Rs.10,000.
Even the customs officers and officers of post offices were given powers to detain any packet or parcel or consignment suspected to certain objectionable matter and deliver the same to the provincial gov.
The act was vigorously enforced during World War-1
It was another draconian law aimed at curbing the journalistic writes and containing the expression of thoughts.
It also curbing the writing which incites murder or other crimes or violence.
Deposit of Rs.1000 to Rs.10,000 security in advance to afresh start of newspaper.
The government used as a weapon to impose restrictions on the press, for example: the publication of the speeches & messages of leaders arrested, the statement issued from the leaders from jail, ‘exaggerated’ reports of political events, notices & adv. of meetings, processions & other activities tending to promote civil disobedience movement or any other matter in furtherance of the same.
Example- The printers & publishers of Bombay Chronicle Rs.3000; Anand Bazar Patrika –Rs.1000; The Liberty of Calcutta –Rs.6000 and The Free Journal –Rs.6,000.
The government of India has constituted a press law enquiry committee under the chairmanship of Shri Ganganath Jha.
The job of committee was to collect all existing laws and make recommendations to modify and make them suitable to the changed circumstances.
And the recommendations were as follows:
1.There is a need to add one explanation to s.153A of IPC (Promoting enmity between classes) to the effect that it does not amount to an offence under that section to advocate a change in the social or economic order provided such advocacy does not involve violence.
2. Repeal of the Indian States (Protection) Act 1934.
3. Repeal of the Foreign Regulations Act 1932.
4. The Press advisory committee should constitute.
5. There is a need to repeal of Indian Press (Emergency Power) Act 1932 but it was also suggested that certain provisions of that Act which didn’t find the place in the ordinary law of the country should be incorporated at suitable places.
6. Regarding Sedition, s.124A of IPC should be amended so as to apply to the acts or words, which either incite disorders or are intended or tend to incite disorder.