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Reference model for devolution in e governance

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Centralized e-Government needs devolution similar to traditional devolutions in political, administrative and fiscal systems. Devolution in e-Governance leads towards a transformational government …

Centralized e-Government needs devolution similar to traditional devolutions in political, administrative and fiscal systems. Devolution in e-Governance leads towards a transformational government that provides opportunity for local governments to participate, take ownership and localize the e-services. In this paper, we present a reference model for devolution in e-Governance based on the Reference Model - Open Distributed Processing (RM-ODP). We propose a reference model for devolution in e-Government based on devolution of its major elements - enterprise, information, computational, engineering and technology viewpoints. IT and governance experts may use the proposed approach for effective achieving devolution in e-governance programs.

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  • 1. Reference Model for Devolution in e- GovernanceM Kashif FarooqLahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS),PakistanPresented atICEGOV20082nd International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic GovernanceCairo, Egypt, 1 - 4 December 2008.
  • 2. Objective This paper presents a reference model of devolution for a e-Government By using RM-ODP
  • 3. Issues Centralized e-Government Decentralized e-Government Traditional Devolution Types  Political, administrative, fiscal
  • 4. Centralized Initiatives Typical characteristics  all IT functions centralized in one organizational unit  generally limited IT costs but less effective  impacts IT governance by providing a generally tight governance model that is easy to enforce.
  • 5. Decentralized InitiativesTypical characteristics policy is required for  decision making, project management, portals, services, funding, revenue collection and operations distributes IT functions between the various divisions or organizations generally has a high coordination cost IT governance is focused on the coordination effort between central and local activities
  • 6. eGov Power Devolution Devolved Powers P1, P2, P3…….. Service Delivery Channel for localCentralized government 1Portaldeveloped andmanaged by Devolved Powerscentralized P1, P2, P3…….. Service Delivery Channel for localPowers government 2 Devolved Powers P1, P2, P3…….. Service Delivery Channel for local government n
  • 7. RM-ODPRM-ODP: Reference Model of Open Distributed Processing Information ViewpointEnterprise Computational EngineeringViewpoint Viewpoint Viewpoint Local Government Local Local Government Government Technology Local Viewpoint Government Federal Government Local Government Local Government
  • 8. Proposed Framework: (1)Reference Model forDevolution in e-Governancebased onRM-ODP
  • 9. Proposed Framework: (2) Scale of devolution depends upon  the size of the Enterprise,  its resource base,  human capacity, and  governance style. There are two types of devolution  Enterprise devolution  among multilevel governance structure  Portal devolution  among different agencies or departments
  • 10. Proposed Framework (3)Enterprise Viewpoint Roles, rights and functions of Federal or central agency Roles, rights and functions of each partner local government and related agency Business Model for Devolution in e-Governance Business Processes Define the e-Governance Devolution Powers: Operations, Capacity Building, Bridging the Digital Divide and Revenue Sharing etc.
  • 11. Proposed Framework (4)Information DevolutionFederal Powers Vs Local Powers Data Ownership Data Sharing Data Integration Data Usage Data Verification Federal Powers Local Powers
  • 12. Proposed Framework (5)Computational DevolutionFederal Powers Vs Local Powers Integration with local objects and applications Application Service Providing Language Interfaces Federal Powers Local Powers
  • 13. Proposed Framework (6)Engineering DevolutionFederal Powers Vs Local Powers Local ICT Infrastructure Development and usage Efforts for Value-Added Services Federal Powers Local Powers
  • 14. Proposed Framework (7)Technology DevolutionFederal Powers Vs Local Powers Integration of heterogeneous local technologies Adoption of technologies for different local socio-economic, geographic, culture and literacy barriers Federal Powers Local Powers
  • 15. Proposed Framework (8)Relationships among Devolution Powers Dependencies Many devolved powers are dependent on other devolved powers of the same viewpoint or the other viewpoint Constraints Many devolved powers are associated with some limitations Prerequisites Many devolved powers may be conditional with some other requirements
  • 16. ConclusionProposed Reference Model facilitate and classified all devolution power in five groups.We can identify Dependencies, Constraints and Pre-requisites

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