Devolution in e-governance in   perspective of differentarchitectures, frameworks and            models        Paper in Pr...
Devolution (in general)• “Devolution to lower levels has to involve a  meaningful transfer of authority to be  acceptable ...
Types of Devolution• Political• Fiscal• Administrative• e-GovernanceTransfer of powers from centralized e-gov to sub-  nat...
Importance                                                           eGov Legislation   Governing Structure               ...
Research Question•   How can define and frame the devolution in centralized e-    governance with respect to political, fi...
Supporting Theories•   "Souffle" Theory of decentralization    (related to traditional governing system)•   Centralized vs...
"Souffle" Theory of decentralization• Parker (1995) presented  the role of political, fiscal, and institutional  decentral...
A Core-Periphery Solution•   Richard Heeks suggested a solution for the decentralization of    information systems of publ...
Enterprise Architectures (EAs)•   67 % of governments are working on government EA programs but    most of them are at inf...
Research Methodology            Searching of any existing            framework, model approach or            EA related to...
EA Evaluation•   Devolution plan•   Central gov powers•   Local gov powers•   Legal cover of these powers•   Any conflict ...
Enterprise Architecture       Assessment Guide V 2.2• By Institute For Enterprise Architecture  Developments• Score Card m...
Score Card
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Devolution in e governance in perspective of different architectures

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“Devolution to lower levels has to involve a meaningful transfer of authority to be acceptable and to work effectively. It also has to maintain horizontal equity by ensuring a fair distribution of fiscal and other resources across the units”
Types of Devolution

Political
Fiscal
Administrative
e-Governance
Transfer of powers from centralized e-gov to sub-national. These powers may be planning, business process re-engineering, change management, enterprise architecture, networks, portals, back-offices, e-services, etc.

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Devolution in e governance in perspective of different architectures

  1. 1. Devolution in e-governance in perspective of differentarchitectures, frameworks and models Paper in Progress
  2. 2. Devolution (in general)• “Devolution to lower levels has to involve a meaningful transfer of authority to be acceptable and to work effectively. It also has to maintain horizontal equity by ensuring a fair distribution of fiscal and other resources across the units” (Ferguson and Chandrasekharan 2004)
  3. 3. Types of Devolution• Political• Fiscal• Administrative• e-GovernanceTransfer of powers from centralized e-gov to sub- national. These powers may be planning, business process re-engineering, change management, enterprise architecture, networks, portals, back-offices, e-services, etc.
  4. 4. Importance eGov Legislation Governing Structure 2008 2005 2004 2003 EASweden 1 3 4 2 Future issue No Multi-levelDenmark 2 2 2 4 Yes No Multi-levelNorway 3 10 10 7 Future issue Barriers Multi-levelUnited States 4 1 1 1 Yes Gaps Multi-levelNetherlands 5 12 11 11 Yes No Multi-levelJaeger criticized the US constitutional gaps related to doctrines of Federalismand the separation of powers must be reflected in the planning and implementation of an E-government (Jaeger 2002)In most countries, superior e-government components and services are at thefederal or national level, and local governments are generally infancy stage ofe-government establishment (Lee, 2005)
  5. 5. Research Question• How can define and frame the devolution in centralized e- governance with respect to political, fiscal and administrative devolution of traditional governance?Sub-Questions• What is devolution in e-governance and its relation with other devolutions?• How to address it in National Enterprise Architecture?• Define boundaries and overlapping of e-gov. devolution with other approaches like shared services, collaborative approach, New Public Management (NPM) and Application Service Provider (ASP)?• Identify the common devolved powers and their relations with political, fiscal and administrative devolved powers?
  6. 6. Supporting Theories• "Souffle" Theory of decentralization (related to traditional governing system)• Centralized vs. Decentralized Management of Public Information Systems: A Core-Periphery Solution• Enterprise Architectures (EAs) Zachman, RM-ODP, TOGAF, FEA etc.
  7. 7. "Souffle" Theory of decentralization• Parker (1995) presented the role of political, fiscal, and institutional decentralization as they relate to rural development outcomes.• Like a Souffle that needs just the right combination of milk, eggs, and heat to rise, a successful program of decentralization must include just the right combination of political, fiscal, and institutional elements to improve rural development outcomes (Parker 1995)
  8. 8. A Core-Periphery Solution• Richard Heeks suggested a solution for the decentralization of information systems of public sector.• He categorized the eight main areas for centralization or decentralization that are – planning, – organizational structures and staffing, – data management, computing and – data management architecture, – information systems development, – information technology acquisition, – training, and – technical support.• With centralized approach on these areas, many benefits can be achieved, but requires some severe constraints to be overcome.
  9. 9. Enterprise Architectures (EAs)• 67 % of governments are working on government EA programs but most of them are at infancy stage (Christiansen and Gotze 2007)• US Intergovernmental Advisory Board (IAB 2003) has categorized five benefits of e-government as – 1) Financial: Reduced costs of government operations/enhanced revenue collection, – 2) Economic development, – 3) Reduced redundancy: Consolidating and integrating government systems, – 4) Fostering democratic principles and – 5) Improved service to citizens and other constituencies• Lau describes three types of benefits – 1) direct financial costs and benefits, – 2) direct nonfinancial costs and benefits and – 3) indirect costs and benefits (Lau 2007).
  10. 10. Research Methodology Searching of any existing framework, model approach or EA related to Information system or e-government Is it explaining the decentralization in e- Modification or extension governance with respect to in the EA, model or No political, fiscal and framework for e-Gov. administrative? Devolution Yes Details of the decentralization in e-governance with Proposed EA Assessment respect to political, fiscal and administrative Research Paper
  11. 11. EA Evaluation• Devolution plan• Central gov powers• Local gov powers• Legal cover of these powers• Any conflict with Political devolution• Any conflict with fiscal devolution• Any conflict with administrative devolution• Is any BPR needed for these powers?• Is any change management needed for these powers?
  12. 12. Enterprise Architecture Assessment Guide V 2.2• By Institute For Enterprise Architecture Developments• Score Card method• Score Card has four evaluation areas – Business – Information – Information System – Technology Infrastructure
  13. 13. Score Card
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