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DIGITAL LITERACY AND THEDEATH OF COMMUNITY implications for education                          John Carter McKnight       ...
who and why adjunct professor of law PhD student, Human & Social Dimensions of  Science & Technology former officer/dir...
what’s digital literacy? literacy: the ability to receive and transmit  meaning using a particular technology   (an STS ...
that’s probably important it’s a world of screens – people probably  should be able to use them
but all tool use involvespower“any view of literacy is inherently political, in  the sense of involving relations of power...
so what are the powerrelations? communities associations networks
communities you don’t choose your neighbors “socially integrative” bad side – they can brutally enforce  conformity go...
associations de Toqueville and on – American democracy  is built on associations where people gain “democratic literacy”...
networks “the first fax machine was worthless” what would the politics of the network  become?
networks a democratic renaissance online? “declaration of independence of cyberspace”  1996
the california ideology the electronic frontier foundation mitch kapor linden lab burning man
the view from harvard
guess what? the hippies lost
artifacts have politics community: politics of all of us association: politics of kinds of us network:      politics of...
sherry turkle says - - kids these days are feeling themselves victims   of technological determinism- their parents are mo...
who has power in thenetwork? me!   I can make my echo chamber the network owner   why is facebook free? the data mine...
good for community? probably not everything from transit and housing choices  to high school socializing to gaming sugge...
so we get this -
ok, but what about digitalcreativity? we’ve put a movie studio, a recording studio  and a printing press on every desk w...
the biggest revolution ever?
the empire strikes back secret copyright treaties “enclosure acts” for the information  commons criminalizing the creat...
digital literacy – who getsthe power? what’s our responsibility as teachers? “nothing could be more crucial to democracy...
being here is a politicalstatement "May have been the losing side. Still not  convinced it was the wrong one." - Malcolm ...
what do we do? ask the network, of course!
let’s keep talking john.mcknight@asu.edu johncartermcknight.com
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Digital literacy and the death of community

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Presentation for Virtual Worlds Best Practices in Education, February 2011

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  • Glass half empty today – going to toss out some ideas and hopefully spark a discussion. *Please* backchat, and I’ll follow as best I can, plus take questions via Elektra.
  • so, I’ve been thinking and doing technology and community for about 15 years
  • I’m bringing together linguistics, education theory and STS – I think we need all those perspectives to understand where we are this *definition* is political – it holds that personal production is as central to literacy as consuming official/canon production (Jenkins, particpation gap?)
  • What power relations are inscribed in this space, and why? Who do you think built it, and what do you think their classroom looks like?
  • there are lots of others to look at, but I’m looking at these three
  • John Perry Barlow, Electronic Freedom Foundation – and Kapor
  • OK, LL out of Burning Life is actually kind of the libertarian California Ideology at its finest – but the point is, there was a market competition between two ideologies, two sets of power relationships, and SL lost –brutally. The net-communitarian view is dead as dinosaurs – we’re the last hangers-on after the Facebook meteor hit.
  • Kendall’s talk next, in the workshop zone – me and Nila on classroom experience at 5, me on WoW tomorrow at 11
  • Transcript of "Digital literacy and the death of community"

    1. 1. DIGITAL LITERACY AND THEDEATH OF COMMUNITY implications for education John Carter McKnight Adjunct Professor of Law Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law Arizona State University VWBPE 2011
    2. 2. who and why adjunct professor of law PhD student, Human & Social Dimensions of Science & Technology former officer/director, science education nonprofits Marketing/Communications in SL communities
    3. 3. what’s digital literacy? literacy: the ability to receive and transmit meaning using a particular technology  (an STS spin on socio-linguistics) print literacy: the ability to read and write texts digital literacy: the ability to receive and transmit meaning using a range of computer tools
    4. 4. that’s probably important it’s a world of screens – people probably should be able to use them
    5. 5. but all tool use involvespower“any view of literacy is inherently political, in the sense of involving relations of power among people” – James Paul Gee“artifacts have politics” – Langdon Winner“technology is neither good nor bad, nor is it neutral” – Melvin Kranzberg
    6. 6. so what are the powerrelations? communities associations networks
    7. 7. communities you don’t choose your neighbors “socially integrative” bad side – they can brutally enforce conformity good side – belonging, clarity
    8. 8. associations de Toqueville and on – American democracy is built on associations where people gain “democratic literacy” by making political meaning “bowling alone” for 3 generations now
    9. 9. networks “the first fax machine was worthless” what would the politics of the network become?
    10. 10. networks a democratic renaissance online? “declaration of independence of cyberspace” 1996
    11. 11. the california ideology the electronic frontier foundation mitch kapor linden lab burning man
    12. 12. the view from harvard
    13. 13. guess what? the hippies lost
    14. 14. artifacts have politics community: politics of all of us association: politics of kinds of us network: politics of me and mine
    15. 15. sherry turkle says - - kids these days are feeling themselves victims of technological determinism- their parents are more interested in their BlackBerries- digital literacy = vast social pressure- high school social media, the worst of community and network?
    16. 16. who has power in thenetwork? me!  I can make my echo chamber the network owner  why is facebook free? the data miners  big brother was a punk kid
    17. 17. good for community? probably not everything from transit and housing choices to high school socializing to gaming suggests, we want to choose our ties
    18. 18. so we get this -
    19. 19. ok, but what about digitalcreativity? we’ve put a movie studio, a recording studio and a printing press on every desk what about the politics of that?
    20. 20. the biggest revolution ever?
    21. 21. the empire strikes back secret copyright treaties “enclosure acts” for the information commons criminalizing the creative process
    22. 22. digital literacy – who getsthe power? what’s our responsibility as teachers? “nothing could be more crucial to democracy than the education of its citizens” - Martha Nussbaum citizenship and civilization – “playing well with others” we don’t, we don’t want to, and digital literacy empowers us not to
    23. 23. being here is a politicalstatement "May have been the losing side. Still not convinced it was the wrong one." - Malcolm Reynolds
    24. 24. what do we do? ask the network, of course!
    25. 25. let’s keep talking john.mcknight@asu.edu johncartermcknight.com
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