The icebreaker is nearly 95 metres long and there is lots of crew aboard the ship. If all of Antarctica’s ice melted the Earth’s ocean would rise by 65 metres flooding many cities.It is very cold and windy, and the temperature is dropping. There is only one sunrise and one sunset each year in the south Pole.
Antarctica is covered by a dome-like ice sheet made of compacted snow and ice. The ice sheet is more than 4000 metres thick in places and literally weighs Antarctica down. Scientists have estimated that if the ice sheet was to melt, the rock beneath would rise by over 700 metres. Only about 2% of Antarctica’s land is free of ice.
Despite the cold, people in Antarctica must protect their eyes and faces from the sunlight reflecting off the ice and snow. Some scientist use a special balloon to help gather information on the Antarctic climate.For the station to function, it needs engineers, carpenters, plumbers, mechanics, technicians, electricians, a doctor a chef, and a station leader.