Wireless Sensor Networks

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A basic ready made presentation on wireless sensor networks. I will also upload the document from which the ppt was made.

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Wireless Sensor Networks

  1. 1. 1/14/2014 1 A.SATYA KARTHIK 10071A0501 CSE, VNRVJIET WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
  2. 2. CONTENTS              WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS  Introduction Types of WSN Characteristics of a WSN Architecture components of a WSN Architecture of a WSN Characteristics of a middleware Concept of SOA for wireless networks Architectural issues Standards and Specifications Applications Challenges Advantages Disadvantages Future Scope Conclusion 1/14/2014  2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Motivation of development  Parts of a sensor node in the network  Functions of a sensor node in the network WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS What is a wireless sensor network (WSN)…?  1/14/2014  Constraints Cost Size Topology 3
  4. 4. TYPES OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS   Dense collection of nodes Ad-hoc deployment Difficulty in network maintenance Structured WSN  Few and scarcely distributed nodes  Pre-planned deployment  WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS  1/14/2014 Unstructured WSN Lower network maintenance 4
  5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF A WSN Concurrency processing 3. Low cost 4. Restricted energy resources 5. Tiny 6. Small radio range WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Self – Organization 2. 1/14/2014 1. 5
  6. 6. SOFTWARE ENGINEERING Applications - Sensor Applications - Node Applications - Sensor Network Applications  Sensor Application - Readout of a sensor , local storage of the data. It has full access to the hardware and is able to access the operating system directly.  Node Application - Application specific tasks and functions of the middleware to build up and maintain the network  Sensor Network Application - Main tasks and required services of the entire network WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Service oriented architecture  1/14/2014  6
  7. 7. CHARACTERISTICS OF A MIDDLEWARE FOR SENSOR NETWORK Primary objective of a middleware  A middleware has to be Scalable Generic Adaptive Reflective 1. 2. 3. 4. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Middleware - software layer between operating system and application  1/14/2014  7
  8. 8. CONCEPT OF SOA FOR WIRELESS NETWORKS Example of a simple service architecture WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS A simple use case can help determine the software architecture.  1/14/2014  8
  9. 9. ARCHITECTURE OF NODE APPLICATION STRUCTURE 1. 3. Node software has 3 parts Operating System which performs device-specific tasks Sensor Driver which initializes the sensor hardware and performs the measurements in the sensor Host Middleware which organizes the co- operation of the distributed nodes in the network WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS 2. 1/14/2014  9
  10. 10. OVERALL GENERAL ARCHITECTURE 1/14/2014 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS The general overall software architecture of the sensor net is shown in the figure  Individual nodes interact with the distributed middleware layer to perform the functions dictated by the sensor network application  10
  11. 11. ARCHITECTURAL ISSUES  Network topology  Failure in long range communication  Increase in traffic decreases the lifetime  Single tier and multi tier architecture disadvantages WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Energy efficiency 1/14/2014  11
  12. 12. ARCHITECTURE – CLUSTER BASED  Provides Quality of management (Qos)  Dynamic architecture – cluster is a basic unit of software WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Proposed to tackle the previous architectural issues 1/14/2014  12
  13. 13. STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS 2. 3. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS 1. Predominant standards commonly used in WSN communications include: Zig Bee - Transmit data over long distances by passing data through intermediate devices to reach more distant ones Bluetooth - Wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances from fixed and mobile devices by creating PANs’ 6LoWPAN - Defined encapsulation and header compression mechanisms that allow IPv6 packets to be sent to and received from over IEEE 802.15.4 based networks 1/14/2014  13
  14. 14. APPLICATIONS OF WSN  Health care monitoring  Air pollution monitoring  Forest fire detection  Landslide detection  Water quality monitoring  Natural disaster prevention WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Area monitoring 1/14/2014  14  Industrial monitoring
  15. 15. CHALLENGES  Software : 1. Operating systems 2. Security 3. Mobility WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Hardware : 1. Low cost 2. Tiny sensors 3. Lifetime maximization 4. Robustness and fault tolerance 5. Self-configuration 1/14/2014  15
  16. 16. ADVANTAGES OF A WSN  Can accommodate new devices at any time  Flexible to go through physical partitions  It can be accessed through a centralized monitor  Infrastructure WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Avoids a lot of wiring 1/14/2014  16
  17. 17. DISADVANTAGES OF WSN  Comparatively low speed of communication  Gets distracted by various elements  Costly at large  Life of nodes  Energy life WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Easy for hackers to hack a network 1/14/2014  17
  18. 18. FUTURE SCOPE  Needs to be implemented in a wireless sensor network with mobile nodes.  The effects of very large node densities need to be investigated.  The feasibility of using the clustering technique and data aggregation needs to be tested in the same wireless sensor network. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS More research work needs to be done in future. 1/14/2014  18
  19. 19. CONCLUSION 1/14/2014 WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS As described, wireless sensor networks possess the potential for many applications. The advance of technology enabled the creation of prototype WSNs, but the hardware and software both have a ways to go before WSNs are practical, cost-effective, and usefully. 19
  20. 20. REFERENCES  http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/research/tec hnology-research/wsn2.pdf  http://www.researchgate.net/publication/228695105_S erviceoriented_software_architecture_for_sensor_networks/f ile/5046351a8ae5a75f8b.pdf WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS www.wikipedia.org 1/14/2014  20

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