„The Third Order of Order“
Relational Archival Description and
Indexing as a Chance for
Defragmenting Contexts and
Collect...
„In the third order of order, knowledge doesn’t have
a shape. There are just too many […] ways to make
sense of our world....
Questions
1. Does the today model of fixed archival tectonics
mirror the historic reality?
2. What purpose can meet the di...
Classic fixed tectonics
Multiple meanings
„The meaning of a record, or of any other cultural
artefact is twofold: the meaning of the record and th...
Contextualisation

Place for describung (de- and re-)contextualisations in classic finding aids (Findbüchern):
custodial h...
Answer 1

The today common system of fixed tectonics
presents reality of contexts very limited.
Images / Aggregations
Answer 2

Digitisation in the today paradigmatically
changing culture of describing and using enables
structures and relat...
ICA Metadata Model
EAC

Place

Event

EAD
Matching indexed data
together
Unique data from C/M 1 files

Unique data from T/D files

Type of Entity: Person

Type of E...
CDOC CRM Metaschema

Quelle: Marlies Orlensky: Semantic interoperability in Europeana.
An examination of CIDOC CRM in digi...
CIDOC/CRM as Mediator

Quelle: Lourdi, Papatheodorou, Dörr: Semantic Integration of Collection Description. In: D-Lib
Maga...
Actually working portals
Archives Portal Europe

Europeana

www.archivesportaleurope.net

www.europeana.eu
Answer 3

Archival Description should ad minimum regard
archives, creators and other important agents.
The description pro...
Answer 4
Relational description is based on a system of
corresponding relationships between objects to be
described. It ca...
User-generated collections
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
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"The Third Order of Order" - Relational Archival Description and Indexing as a Chance for Defragmenting Contexts and Collections

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Folien zu einem Vortrag auf der internationalen Datenbanktagung – Conference on Digitization – der Archive von NS-Gedenkstätten, Dachau 23.-25. Oktober 2013

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"The Third Order of Order" - Relational Archival Description and Indexing as a Chance for Defragmenting Contexts and Collections

  1. 1. „The Third Order of Order“ Relational Archival Description and Indexing as a Chance for Defragmenting Contexts and Collections Karsten Kühnel
  2. 2. „In the third order of order, knowledge doesn’t have a shape. There are just too many […] ways to make sense of our world.” (David Weinberger, Everything is Miscellaneous, 83)
  3. 3. Questions 1. Does the today model of fixed archival tectonics mirror the historic reality? 2. What purpose can meet the digitisation of archival material in the context of making descriptive information accessible? 3. What should be the object(s) of archival description and which standards should be used? 4. What is „relational archival description“ and what does it to the users?
  4. 4. Classic fixed tectonics
  5. 5. Multiple meanings „The meaning of a record, or of any other cultural artefact is twofold: the meaning of the record and the meaning for someone or for an occasion. The record is full of meanings, some may be read in the record, or inferred from the intertextuality that connects it to other documents, others have to be deduced from the context of archives‘ creation and use.“ (Eric Ketelaar: Archives and Archivists without Borders, 2010, published 2012)
  6. 6. Contextualisation Place for describung (de- and re-)contextualisations in classic finding aids (Findbüchern): custodial history (Bestandsgeschichte) [Quelle: http://eadiva.com/custodhist/]
  7. 7. Answer 1 The today common system of fixed tectonics presents reality of contexts very limited.
  8. 8. Images / Aggregations
  9. 9. Answer 2 Digitisation in the today paradigmatically changing culture of describing and using enables structures and relationships of archives and archival material to be visualised which could be made visible hardly before.
  10. 10. ICA Metadata Model EAC Place Event EAD
  11. 11. Matching indexed data together Unique data from C/M 1 files Unique data from T/D files Type of Entity: Person Type of Entity: Person Authorized Form of Name: Albaglis, Elia Authorized Form of Name: Albaglis, Ilia Parallel Form of Name: Albaglis, Ilias Parallel Form of Name: Albaglis, Ilias Dates of Existence (Date of Birth): 1912-05-15 Dates of Existence (Date of Birth): 1912-05-15 History: Religion Jewish, Nationality Greek and/or Stateless, Sex Male Places: Smirne (Birth), Feldafing (Place of applying for IRO assistance) Names of Related Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families: DP Camp Feldafing Category of Relationship: Associative History: Nationality Greek Places: Smyrna (Birth) Names of Related Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families: CC Auschwitz Category of Relationship: Associative Description of Relationship: Prisoner No. 182440 Dates of Relationship: 1944-04-11 (entry) Description of Relationship: Applicant for IRO Assistance Names of Related Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families: CC Sachsenhausen Dates of Relationship: 1948-08-30 Category of Relationship: Associative […] Description of Relationship: Prisoner Dates of Relationship: 1945-01-18 (entry) […] Datenquelle: ITS, Bad Arolsen
  12. 12. CDOC CRM Metaschema Quelle: Marlies Orlensky: Semantic interoperability in Europeana. An examination of CIDOC CRM in digital cultural heritage documentation. In: TCDL Bulletin, Vol. 6/2, Fall 2010 (http://www.ieee-tcdl.org/Bulletin/v6n2/Olensky/olensky.html)
  13. 13. CIDOC/CRM as Mediator Quelle: Lourdi, Papatheodorou, Dörr: Semantic Integration of Collection Description. In: D-Lib Magazine, July/August 2009 (Volume 15 Number 7/8): http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july09/papatheodorou/07papatheodorou.html
  14. 14. Actually working portals Archives Portal Europe Europeana www.archivesportaleurope.net www.europeana.eu
  15. 15. Answer 3 Archival Description should ad minimum regard archives, creators and other important agents. The description profiles should be oriented on the EAD and EAC standards.
  16. 16. Answer 4 Relational description is based on a system of corresponding relationships between objects to be described. It can be realised by authority files, facet classifications or by implementing object-oriented conceptual reference models (CRM). Relational description doesn‘t need fixed classifications or hierarchies. Finding aids can be generated on demand by the users themselves according to selected relevant kinds of relationships.
  17. 17. User-generated collections
  18. 18. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
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