Sentences need. . . . •A subject •A verb •And they need to make sense (be an independent clause)“When writing, silent thoughts produce powerfulsentences.”
A phrase is a group of wordsthat lacks a subject, a verb,or both. Two phrases thatwe use are—Prepositional phrase•Sentence: They kept dialingRose’s phone number with nosuccess.Infinitive phrase (to + verb)•Sentence: Matilda always wantedto run a marathon
• An infinitive phrase isthe word “to” + a verb—to run, to jump, to kiss.•What we call a “splitinfinitive is when a wordor phrase comesbetween the word “to”and the verb.•We want to sincerelywelcome you to class. (A clumsy infinitive— to welcome.)
Fix the split infinitives in the following:1. The coach told her to quickly run five laps around the track.2. It is important to softly and silently step into the baby’s room.3. Jonathan Edwards preached with such strong conviction to positively, absolutely, unequivocally keep sinners from hell.
Sometimes sentences are notreally a sentence, but afragment.Sometimes a sentence is lacksthe subject or verb.Sometimes a sentence lacksboth a subject and verb.
Sometimes sentences are run-on sentences or what is called, a “comma splice.”For example:Joey ran to the store he ate a hamburger on his way home.(run-on)Joey ran to the store, he ate a hamburger on his way home.(comma splice)Joey ran to the store. He ate a hamburger on his way home.(correct)
Now it’s your turn. How might you correct these fragments or run-on/comma splice sentences?1. Rosa talks about her relationship with her parents, she grew up following her family’s values.2. Ralph always wanted to be a stand-up comic he liked to make people laugh.3. The family set out for a new country. In which they could practice their culture and religion.
A modifier that is not grammatically linked to the noun or phrase it is intended to describe is said to be dangling. Walking into the house, the telephone rang. (The sentence says the telephone was walking.)
Delighted with the team’s victory, the parade routewas decorated by fans.(The sentence says the parade route wasdelighted.)
Method 1: Keep the modifier, but make the subject of the independent clause the person or thing modified.1.Walking into the house, we heard the telephone.2.Delighted with the team’s victory, the fans decorated the parade route.
More on DangleMethod 2: Change the modifier phrase into a clause with its own subject and verb.1. While we were walking into the house, the telephone rang.2. Because the fans were delighted with the team’s victory, they decorated the parade route.
Remember….The sentence is verypowerful: chooseyour wordscarefully, and usethem to youradvantage.