Eng. 091 the argument paper copy-1(2)Presentation Transcript
The Argument PaperKaren S. Wright
The argument paper must present a debatable point.Mere knowledge ofthe truth will notgive you the art ofpersuasion.Plato
When choosing a topicfor written argument, besure it is open for debate.Facts are a matter ofinformation, not debate. ThinkAn paper becomes anargument when it takes a Hmmposition concerning thefacts. Yep!
? ? Students at Washington State College areFact: required to take physical education.Open Students at Washington College shouldDebate: not be required to take physical education.Opposite Students at Washington CollegePosition: should be required to take physical education.
•A thesis is a statement that gives aposition about a topic that can besupported by evidence, reasons, andexamples.•The thinking process that movesyou from a topic to a defensibleposition calls for you first to makean have a thesis.
The exact wording of the thesis is important; nonetheless, it may change. A thesis serves as a focus for your thinking and writing.Topic: The commercialization of holidays.Thesis: Holidays have become too commercialized.Thesis: Holidays have not become too commercialized.
Idea: Holidays have Thesis: The spirit ofbecome too the holidays is beingcommercialized. destroyed by commercialism. Thesis: CommercialIdea: Holidays have uses of holidays benefitnot become too the nation’s economycommercialized. and lift people’s spirits.
Develop a thesis statement for a written argumenton the following topic:Topic: Book censorship in libraries.Thesis:Thesis:
Structuring Written Argument• No one structure fits all written arguments.• Most college writing uses a structure based on the classical pattern of argument developed by the Greeks and Romans, which is still highly respected today.
Elements in Written Argument• Introductory S tatement• Thes is S tatement• B ackground Information — if needed• Reas ons or E vidence for your argument• A nticipate Likely Objections• Rebuttal of Objections• C oncluding S tatement- C all to A ction
Introductory Statement• Sets the context for the position that is argued.• Identifies the situation.
Thesis sTaTemenT Oh no!! • It states the position being argued. • A thesis is debatable. • It states the paper’s subject. • It reflects the paper’s purpose. • It includes a focus that conveys your point ofDon’t be upset— view.Just think logically • It uses specific language
Background InformationGives the reader basic information neededfor understanding the position beingargued.
Reasons or Evidence Supports the position being argued. This is the core of the paper. The reasoning must be logical and solid as a rock. Each reason consists of a general statement backed up with specific examples.
What has What canbeen done? be done?
Anticipation of Objections and ResponsesThis section will mention possible oppositions to the argument and rebuts it briefly.
Concluding Sentence Brings the paper to an end that flows logically and gracefully from the thesis. Does not cut reader off abruptly. Call for awareness, action, or similar type of resolution. Look ahead to the future—a call to action
Use Effective Reasoning Be logical: use sound reasoning. Enlist the emotions of the reader: enlist the values and beliefs of the reader by arousing “the better self” of the reader. Establish credibility: in your writing show that you, as the writer, can be relied upon as a knowledgeable person with good sense.
How to Establish a Reasonable Tone• Be fair to opposing arguments.• When you alert your readers to other ways of thinking about the issue, you demonstrate that you have not ignored other positions.• This kind of respect for the other side makes the tone of your argument more reasonable.• Choose your words carefully.• Don’t exaggerate.• Use similes and metaphors to enhance your argument rather than distort it.• Never insult the other side.
Revision Checklist for argument• Does the thesis statement have a debatable topic?2. Is the material properly structured for a written argument?3. Do the reasons and evidence support the thesis statement?4. Are the generalizations supported by specific detail?5. Are opposing positions mentioned and responded to?6. Is the tone reasonable?