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Act science

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  • 1. ACT Science: How to read charts and graphs ACT Prep
  • 2.  First- look at the title to find out what this pie chart shows  Area of New York City by Boroughs This will let you know the TYPE of information you’re looking at
  • 3.  Next, you should be able to answer questions about this pie chart. What borough has the largest area?  Queens What is the next largest area?  Brooklyn
  • 4.  What information is supplied in this chart?  Survey of whether or not certain groups think video games  How many people said yes  How the survey was divided age group wise
  • 5.  What information is NOT supplied in this chart?  Why they think this  What types of video games they meant  Whether the people were male or female  At what age the survey stopped teenager, adults, elderly
  • 6. What information is in this chart? What contributes to Greenhouse Gas Emissions What gases make up greenhouse gas emissions Percentage for each
  • 7. Reading Charts and Graphs You need to be able to identify the information in the chart You should be able to use the information to explain what is NOT in the chart. What doesn’t it tell you? You should be able to use the information to extrapolate information
  • 8. Bar Chart  What does this chart show?  Revenues by year  What year had the highest revenue?  2006  What year had the lowest revenue?  2008
  • 9. Using charts to prove a hypothesis  What hypothesis is NOT supported by this graph?  Fertilizers make plants grow taller than just water  This is not supported because water and Peters appear to affect plants the same
  • 10. What does this chart prove? The higher the wind, and lower thetemperature, the faster you will get frostbite
  • 11. Tips Pay attention to color coding, and labels Always read the title, and supplementary information on the chart/graph Think of what the chart tells you, as well as what it does not tell you Be careful of questions that include NOT and EXCEPT