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  • 2. The war of the Vietnam was the longest of the North American history, supposedfor this country an experience of failure and frustration. VIDEO
  • 3.  The Vietnam War occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia from 1959 to 30 April 1975. The war was fought between the communist North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other member nations of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)
  • 5.  He was leader of the government in South Vietnam
  • 6.  Ho Chi Minh (1890- 1969), Vietnamese Communist leader, who was the first president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam Video
  • 7. Anti-Communist forces: Communist forces: South Vietnam  North Vietnam United States  Viet Cong South Korea  Khmer Rouge Australia  Pathet Lao  Peoples Republic of Philippines China New Zealand  Soviet Union North Khmer Republic Korea Thailand Kingdom of Laos
  • 9.  The most important cause was that because of the Indochina War, Vietnam was divided into North Vietnam with a communist state and South Vietnam with a democratic state.
  • 10.  The United States was involved in Vietnam War because American policymakers believed that if the entire country fell under a Communist government, Communism would spread throughout Southeast Asia. This belief was known as the “domino theory.”
  • 11. The United States entered the war to prevent a communist takeover ofSouth Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment.
  • 12.  Kennedy was elected president Australia would follow. If of the United States in communism was not halted in November, 1960. In the first Vietnam it would gradually speech he made to the American spread throughout the world. public as their President This view became known as the Kennedy made it clear that he Domino Theory. intended to continue Eisenhowers policy of supporting Diems South Vietnamese government. He argued that if South Vietnam became a communist state, the whole of the non-communist world would be at risk. If South Vietnam fell, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, Phi lippines, New Zealand and
  • 13.  He secretly sent 400 Special Operations Forces–trained soldiers to teach the South Vietnamese how to fight against Communist guerrillas in South Vietnam. When Kennedy was assassinated in November 1963, there were more than 16,000 U.S. military advisers in South Vietnam, and more than 100 Americans had been killed. Kennedys successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, committed the United States most fully to the war
  • 14.  Johnson, a Democrat, succeeded to the presidency following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, completed Kennedys term and was elected President in his own right in a landslide victory in the 1964 Presidential election.
  • 15.  Johnson was a strong supporter ofthe Domino Theory and believed thatthe prevention of an NationalLiberation Front victory in SouthVietnam was vital to the defence ofthe United States Johnson, like Kennedy beforehim, came under pressure from hismilitary advisers to take moreforceful action against NorthVietnam and the NLF.
  • 16. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution of1964 gave President Lyndon B.Johnson permission to launch afull-scale military intervention inVietnam. The first Americancombat troops arrived inVietnam in March 1965.
  • 17.  The most immediate task facing President Nixon was the Vietnam War. President Nixon introduced his policy of "vietnamization". The plan was to encourage the South Vietnamese to take more responsibility for fighting the war. It was hoped that this policy would eventually enable the United States to withdraw gradually all their soldiers from Vietnam.
  • 18.  Richard Nixon had campaigned in the 1968 presidential election under the slogan that he would end the war in Vietnam and bring "peace with honor." However, there was no plan to do this, and the American commitment continued for another five years.
  • 19. He initially escalated the conflict, overseeing secretbombing campaigns, but soonwithdrew American troops and successfully negotiated a ceasefire with North Vietnam, effectively ending American involvement in the war.
  • 20. The new president, Gerald Ford, a strongsupporter of US involvement inVietnam, tried to raise support for theSouth Vietnamese government but theSenate was adamant that as far as it wasconcerned, the war was over.On April 23, 1975, President Gerald Fordtold the American people: "TodayAmericans can regain the sense of pridethat existed before Vietnam. But it cannotbe achieved by refighting a war that isfinishedEnd of war
  • 21. WRITE (T) FOR TRUE OR (F) FOR FALSEThe Vietnam War occurred in Vietnam, Laosand Cambodia from 1950 to 30 April1975.___F_____Ngo Dinh Diem:He was leader of thegovernment in South Vietnam._T______Australia was a communist force__F__The United States was a anti-communistforce__T___John F. Kennedy, effectively ending Americaninvolvement in the war._F_____