11 eu politics, european politics

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  • 1. EU politics, European politics
  • 2. Outline – problemsin Europe
    Democracy deficit
    European identity
    EU’sfuture?
    Economicdevelopment
    Education
    Socialsituation
  • 3. Democracy deficit
    Institutional
    Only European Parliament elected directly by citizens
    Commission, Council, Court of Justice not, but they make important decisions
    People don’t know how they work (transparency)
    Identity
    Many Europeans feel that EU is not useful, not important or even harmful
    They think their country lost its independence and got nothing in return
    They identify more or only with their country
  • 4. European identity – what?
    European Union
    Common set of values
    Sense of belonging to the EU
    in addition to national identities
    Indirectly (unity in diversity)
    Citizenship
    European public sphere
  • 5. CONSTITUTIONAL TOOLS FOR FOSTERING EUROPEAN IDENTITY – democraticparticipation
    Symbols of the European Union
    European Parliamentelections
    Referendums
    European Citizens’ Initiative
  • 6. Symbols
    9th of May Europe Day
    “United in diversity” is the motto of the European Union

    .eu TLD
    Anthem
    • Beethoven set to music the "Ode to Joy" written in 1785 by Friedrich von Schiller
    • 7. human race becoming brothers
  • Joy, beautiful divine spark,Daughter of Elysium,We enter, drunk with fire,O heavenly one, your holy shrine.Your magic once again bonds togetherWhat custom strictly divided,All Mankind become brothersWhere your gentle wings hold sway.
  • 8. EP elections
  • 9. Referendums
    1992 Denmark: no, France: yes, butsmallmargin
    2001 Ireland: no
    ConstitutionalTreaty
    2005: France, Netherlandsvote no
    Reform (Lisbon) Treaty
    2008: Irelandvotes no
  • 10. European citizens’ initiative
    Constitutionaltoolusedinseveralcountries
    IntheConstitutionalTreaty (I-47)
    InLisbon – TEU Provisionsondemocraticprinciples (Art. 11)
  • 11. Enlargement - Turkeyand the EU
    1987 applicationformembership
    2005 recognisedas a candidate country
    Conditionsforjoining:
    Democraticsystem
    Functioningmarket economy
    Adoptingtheacquiscommunautaire
  • 12. Issues of joining
    “too big, too poor, and too Muslim”
    Referendums
    Positive example for European Christian and Moslim cooperation
    Common Foreign and Security Policy
  • 13. Other candidates
    Croatia
    Iceland
    The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
    Montenegro
    Albania
    Serbia
    Kosovo
  • 14. Reform of the EU
    6 membersto 27
    Supranationality
    Amendingtreaties, case-law
    ConstitutionalTreaty
    2005: France, Netherlandsvote no
    Reform (Lisbon) Treaty
    2008: Irelandvotesno
    Now adopted – needs to be applied
  • 15. Where is the end of EU integration?
  • 16. Formteams
    Writeyournames and theselectedcountries’ namesonthepaper
    Drawthepicturesyoulookedup
    Explainaboutthemtoyourgroup