11 eu politics, european politics

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11 eu politics, european politics

  1. 1. EU politics, European politics<br />
  2. 2. Outline – problemsin Europe<br />Democracy deficit<br />European identity<br />EU’sfuture?<br />Economicdevelopment<br />Education<br />Socialsituation<br />
  3. 3. Democracy deficit<br />Institutional<br />Only European Parliament elected directly by citizens<br />Commission, Council, Court of Justice not, but they make important decisions<br />People don’t know how they work (transparency)<br />Identity<br />Many Europeans feel that EU is not useful, not important or even harmful<br /> They think their country lost its independence and got nothing in return<br />They identify more or only with their country<br />
  4. 4. European identity – what?<br />European Union<br />Common set of values<br />Sense of belonging to the EU<br />in addition to national identities<br />Indirectly (unity in diversity)<br />Citizenship<br />European public sphere<br />
  5. 5. CONSTITUTIONAL TOOLS FOR FOSTERING EUROPEAN IDENTITY – democraticparticipation<br />Symbols of the European Union<br />European Parliamentelections<br />Referendums<br />European Citizens’ Initiative<br />
  6. 6. Symbols<br />9th of May Europe Day<br />“United in diversity” is the motto of the European Union<br />€<br />.eu TLD<br />Anthem<br /><ul><li>Beethoven set to music the "Ode to Joy" written in 1785 by Friedrich von Schiller
  7. 7. human race becoming brothers</li></li></ul><li>Joy, beautiful divine spark,Daughter of Elysium,We enter, drunk with fire,O heavenly one, your holy shrine.Your magic once again bonds togetherWhat custom strictly divided,All Mankind become brothersWhere your gentle wings hold sway.<br />
  8. 8. EP elections<br />
  9. 9. Referendums<br />1992 Denmark: no, France: yes, butsmallmargin<br />2001 Ireland: no<br />ConstitutionalTreaty<br />2005: France, Netherlandsvote no<br />Reform (Lisbon) Treaty<br />2008: Irelandvotes no<br />
  10. 10. European citizens’ initiative<br />Constitutionaltoolusedinseveralcountries<br />IntheConstitutionalTreaty (I-47)<br />InLisbon – TEU Provisionsondemocraticprinciples (Art. 11)<br />
  11. 11. Enlargement - Turkeyand the EU<br />1987 applicationformembership<br />2005 recognisedas a candidate country<br />Conditionsforjoining:<br />Democraticsystem<br />Functioningmarket economy<br />Adoptingtheacquiscommunautaire<br />
  12. 12. Issues of joining<br />“too big, too poor, and too Muslim”<br />Referendums<br />Positive example for European Christian and Moslim cooperation<br />Common Foreign and Security Policy<br />
  13. 13. Other candidates<br />Croatia <br />Iceland <br />The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia <br />Montenegro <br />Albania<br />Serbia<br />Kosovo<br />
  14. 14. Reform of the EU<br />6 membersto 27<br />Supranationality<br />Amendingtreaties, case-law<br />ConstitutionalTreaty<br />2005: France, Netherlandsvote no<br />Reform (Lisbon) Treaty<br />2008: Irelandvotesno<br />Now adopted – needs to be applied<br />
  15. 15. Where is the end of EU integration?<br />
  16. 16. Formteams<br />Writeyournames and theselectedcountries’ namesonthepaper<br />Drawthepicturesyoulookedup<br />Explainaboutthemtoyourgroup<br />

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