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EU in the world
Foreign relations
External Relations 
European Neighbourhood Policy
External Trade
Development
HumanitarianAid
Enlargement
A system of external relations
National foreign policies
Intra-EU connections 
EC/EU level policies
Categories
Large Western states
Neutrals
Small states
Former socialist countries in the East
Evolution of foreign policies
Trade policy naturally with common market
Foreign policy
Measure of independence
NATO, other...
Early attempts at political and defense cooperation
1950
European Defence Community
European Political Community
1954: Fre...
Western European Union (WEU)
1954 Brussels Treaty
BeNeLux, France, Germany, Italy, UK
Aim is to ensure European defense
19...
European Political Cooperation
1969 Hague summit
Member States agreed to hold consultations on different levels to start c...
Levels of operation
Heads of State and Government
Foreign ministers
Political Committee
Just consultation: no certainty of...
1992, Maastricht
Common Foreign and Security Policy = second pillar of the EU
Still operating on an intergovernmental basi...
Prospects of CFSP
The common foreign and security policy shall include all questions related to the security of the Union,...
Western European Union (WEU)
an integral part of the development of the Union
implement decisions and actions of the Union...
WEU’s new roles
Before: common defense
1992 Petersberg Declaration
Humanitarian and rescue tasks
Peacekeeping tasks
Crisis...
Results of Maastricht
Weak cooperation
Joint actions fail
Stronger Member States pursue their own interests
Germany recogn...
Yugoslav dissolution wars
Wars during the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia:
War in Slovenia (1991)
...
EC/EU participation?
Yugoslavia might spill over
Compromises: immediate practical cooperation and leave the door open for ...
Amsterdam - Reform of CFSP
Modified legal sources 
common strategies by European Council
QMV for implementation in some ca...
Saint Malo process
1998: British position changes on WEU
Its integration into EU does not threaten NATO cooperation
Britai...
European Security and Defence Policy
Cologne European Council
By 2000, WEU ceases to exist
EU performs the Petersberg task...
Further developments
2003: European Defence Agency
Develop capabilities, promote cooperation in military technology, encou...
LisbonTreaty
No more pillarstructure
Butunanimityremains
President of the European Council
HighRepresentative of the Europ...
External trade, Development, Enlargement, Humanitarianaid
Commission – Parliament – Council
CommonForeign and Security Pol...
general guidelines
decisions
actions to be undertaken by the Union; 
positions to be taken by the Union; 
arrangements for...
development and enlargement
democracy, the rule of law
the universality and indivisibility of human rights and fundamental...
Inallparts of theworld
Trade
Economiccooperation
Development
Humanitarianaid
…
EU abroad
EU in action
EU Police Mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina
Concordia in Macedonia -> Proxima, EUPAT
Artemis humanitarian resc...
Canuseanysource
But no talking!
Multiplechoicequestions
True – false
Yes – no
Good answer 1 point, badanswer 0 point
atlea...
Presentations
2-4 people – divide labour!!!
15 minutes
Can use Powerpoint or similar, or handouts
NOT reading the case out...
Parts of a judgment
Keywords 
Summary
Parties
Subject of the case
Grounds
Decision on costs
Operative part
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06 eu in the world

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Transcript of "06 eu in the world"

  1. 1. EU in the world Foreign relations
  2. 2. External Relations European Neighbourhood Policy External Trade Development HumanitarianAid Enlargement
  3. 3. A system of external relations National foreign policies Intra-EU connections EC/EU level policies
  4. 4. Categories Large Western states Neutrals Small states Former socialist countries in the East
  5. 5. Evolution of foreign policies Trade policy naturally with common market Foreign policy Measure of independence NATO, other organizations handle it
  6. 6. Early attempts at political and defense cooperation 1950 European Defence Community European Political Community 1954: French Parliament votes no
  7. 7. Western European Union (WEU) 1954 Brussels Treaty BeNeLux, France, Germany, Italy, UK Aim is to ensure European defense 1984 Rome declaration European security policy Harmonisation of defence policies 1990 Spain, Portugal join
  8. 8. European Political Cooperation 1969 Hague summit Member States agreed to hold consultations on different levels to start cooperating in this area 1986 SEA incorporates this informal system formally into the Treaties Coordination of national foreign policies to reach a common conclustion and act on it
  9. 9. Levels of operation Heads of State and Government Foreign ministers Political Committee Just consultation: no certainty of acting together Collapse of the Soviet system Unified Germany
  10. 10. 1992, Maastricht Common Foreign and Security Policy = second pillar of the EU Still operating on an intergovernmental basis Member State governments European Council Council of Ministers Unanimity
  11. 11. Prospects of CFSP The common foreign and security policy shall include all questions related to the security of the Union, including the eventual framing of a common defence policy, which might in time lead to a common defence.
  12. 12. Western European Union (WEU) an integral part of the development of the Union implement decisions and actions of the Union which have defence implications WEU Defence component of EU European pillar of NATO
  13. 13. WEU’s new roles Before: common defense 1992 Petersberg Declaration Humanitarian and rescue tasks Peacekeeping tasks Crisis management, peacemaking
  14. 14. Results of Maastricht Weak cooperation Joint actions fail Stronger Member States pursue their own interests Germany recognising Croatia France nuclear testing UK supporting Iraq invasion
  15. 15. Yugoslav dissolution wars Wars during the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: War in Slovenia (1991) Croatian War of Independence (1991-1995) Bosnian War (1992-1995) NATO campaigns against Serbia: NATO bombing of Republika Srpska (1995-96) NATO bombing of Yugoslavia (1999) Wars in Albanian-populated areas: Kosovo War (1996-1999) Southern Serbia conflict (2000-2001) Macedonia conflict (2001)
  16. 16. EC/EU participation? Yugoslavia might spill over Compromises: immediate practical cooperation and leave the door open for more ambitious steps toward unity later EU not speaking with one voice inability of the EC to settle the dispute EC dependence on NATO military resources Kosovo conflict: NATO intervention once more necessary
  17. 17. Amsterdam - Reform of CFSP Modified legal sources common strategies by European Council QMV for implementation in some cases Constructive abstention for joint actions High Representative of CFSP = Secretary General of the Council Troika: leadership of 3 Before Amsterdam: previous, current, next President of the Council After: President of Council, Secretary-General, Commissioner respolsible for external relations Policy Planning and Early Warning Unit Joint actions financed from EU budget Closer cooperation with WEU
  18. 18. Saint Malo process 1998: British position changes on WEU Its integration into EU does not threaten NATO cooperation Britain supportive of French plans in European defense Saint Malo declaration: EU should have an international influence equal to the size of its economy No duplication of NATO capabilities
  19. 19. European Security and Defence Policy Cologne European Council By 2000, WEU ceases to exist EU performs the Petersberg tasks EU needs an effective military force not dependent on NATO Helsinki European Council Create by 2003 a Rapid Reaction Force of 50-60000 troops Structures in the Council for defence policy Treaty of Nice: progress included in the Treaties
  20. 20. Further developments 2003: European Defence Agency Develop capabilities, promote cooperation in military technology, encourage research 2004: Headline Goals for 2010 Rapidly deployable combat units 1500 troops deployable in 5-10 days 13 units set up, 2 deployable at the same time 2003: European Security Strategy Terrorism, WMD, regional conflicts, weak governments, organized crime
  21. 21. LisbonTreaty No more pillarstructure Butunanimityremains President of the European Council HighRepresentative of the European Union forForeignAffairs and Security Policy CFSP HighRepresentative External Relations Commissioner European External Action Service SeparateForeignAffairsCouncil
  22. 22. External trade, Development, Enlargement, Humanitarianaid Commission – Parliament – Council CommonForeign and Security Policy: European Council, Council Representation: HighRepresentative,thePresident of the European Council and thePresident of theCommission Coherence HighRepresentative of the Union forForeignAffairs and Security Policy European External Action Service Institutionsinforeign policy
  23. 23. general guidelines decisions actions to be undertaken by the Union; positions to be taken by the Union; arrangements for the implementation of the decisions strengthening systematic cooperation between Member States in the conduct of policy Sources of lawinforeign policy
  24. 24. development and enlargement democracy, the rule of law the universality and indivisibility of human rights and fundamental freedoms respect for human dignity principles of equality and solidarity respect for the principles of the United Nations Charter and international law Goals of foreign policy
  25. 25. Inallparts of theworld Trade Economiccooperation Development Humanitarianaid … EU abroad
  26. 26. EU in action EU Police Mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina Concordia in Macedonia -> Proxima, EUPAT Artemis humanitarian rescue in Democratic Republic of Congo EUJUST / THEMIS in Georgia EUJUST / LEX in Iraq AMM monitoring mission in Aceh, Indonesia Peacekeeping in Darfur Palestinian territories border control aid Althea: EUFOR peacekeeping in Bosnia-Herzegovina …
  27. 27. Canuseanysource But no talking! Multiplechoicequestions True – false Yes – no Good answer 1 point, badanswer 0 point atleast 25% chance of guessingcorrectly Read thequestioncarefully! Midtermexam
  28. 28. Presentations 2-4 people – divide labour!!! 15 minutes Can use Powerpoint or similar, or handouts NOT reading the case out loud – quote the most important parts only! Describe the events that led to the case being brought to the Court Try to identify most important issues, topics Describe the reasoning of the Court from this point of view Research on the Internet, in Library first!
  29. 29. Parts of a judgment Keywords Summary Parties Subject of the case Grounds Decision on costs Operative part
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