Revista de Psicologia (ingles)


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Revista de Psicologia (ingles)

  1. 1. Everything interesting about psychology in one magazine EditorialThe psychology is the sciencewho studies the conduct orhuman behavior and mentalprocesses. In our daily life wecan do what a psychologist
  2. 2. In a philosophical context psychology physiologist, Cabanis wrote a wellwas around thousands of years agoin ancient Greece, Egypt, India,Persia and China. Medieval Muslim The word psychology literallypsychologists and doctors had a means, "study of the soul”more clinical and experimentalapproach to psychology - they werethe first to have psychiatric known essay called "Relationshospitals. between the physical and moral aspects of man" ("Rapports duPierre Cabanis (France) created physique et du moral de lhomme").biological psychology in 1802. A
  3. 3. He interpreted the mind according to believed that sensibility and soul his previous studies of biology. He were parts of the nervous system (Wilhelm wundt 1832-1920) 1879, the birthdate of psychology - In that carried out psychological 1879 Wilhelm Wundt, Germany, research exclusively at Leipzig founded psychology as a truly University. Wundt is known today as independent experimental field of the father of psychology. study. He set up the first laboratory Experimentalpsychologist Jean Piaget Some models of behavioraldid his theories of cognitive therapy included the use ofdevelopment in children equipment that provided electric shocks to the patientfrom observations mademostly with his ownchildren Sigmund Freud, the Karen Horney, one of the few
  4. 4. Things you have to know about the psychology branches Health Psychology Also called behavioral medicineIntegrates science, theory, and or medical psychology. Thispractice in order to understand, branch observes how behavior,predict and relieve maladjustment, biology and social contextdisability, and discomfort. Clinical influence illness and health.psychology also promotes adaption,adjustment and personaldevelopment. Occupational Clinical Psychologyc Psychology Studies the performance of people at work and in training, develops an understanding of how organizations function and how people and groups behave at work. The occupational psychologist aims to increase effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction at work. Forensic Psychologyc
  5. 5. Social Psycchologyc Community Psychology Uses scientific methods to Studies the individuals contexts within understand and explain how communities and the wider society and feeling, behavior and the relationships of the individual to thoughts of people are communities and society. Community influenced by the actual, psychologists seek to understand the imagined or implied presence quality of life of individuals, of other people. communities, and society. Their aim is to enhance quality of life through collaborative research and action Cognotive Psychology There are so much more This branch investigates internal mental processes, such as Branches Of Psychology and each problem solving, memory, has a very specialized and very learning, and language (how detailed approach on the subject people think, perceive, communicate, remember and of study or subject of research learn). that they have like: abnormal Child Psychology Psychology, behavioral This particular branch focuses on psychology, biopsychology,This involvesand behavior of the mind applying psychology to cross-Cultural psychology,criminal investigation and the law. A children from prenatalforensic psychologist practices psychology development through human Factors psychology,as a science within the psychology adolescence. Child criminal justice comparative psychology,system and civil courts. deals not only with how children developmental psychology, grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social educational psychology, development as well. personality psychology, sports psychology and positive psychology
  6. 6. Love is a psychological disorder? Falling in love doesn’t appear as a medical condition, “but if its symptoms”, As noted by the British writer and psychologist Frank Tallis. Researchers have outlined theThe music we hear says neurological effect of falling in love with a person, from the initial "crush"a lot about our to long after the relationship ends.personality? Love has quite an impact on the way the brain would regularly functionPsychologists Peter J. Rentfrow and otherwise and, just like alcohol, yourSamuel D. Gosling, University ofTexas have been scientifically judgment is the first thing to beproven that the musical preferences impaired. Love even alters the activityof each individual define their of various neurotransmitters andpersonality. A few years ago devisedthe "Short Test Musical hormones in the brain that alterPreferences", and subjected to behavior in ways .comparable to someseveral hundred young people to psychological disorders.their questions.And they concludedthat if you love blues or jazz willprobably be a smart person,imaginative and tolerant.
  7. 7. I can find out if youre aHeavy metal consumers agree intheir high intelligence, but are psychopath through youralso particularly curious, athletic twitter?and social leaders. Extroversion,talkativeness, energy and highself-esteem are the features thatpredominate among fans of hip-hop and funky. And those wholisten to popular songs fromMadonna, or the soundtrack ofDances with Wolves, tend to beconservative, wealthy, happy,pleasant and, often, emotionally Only 140 characters are enough tounstable. identify a psychopath? Is the question that has launched the Online Privacy Foundation. to know that the company Kaggle created an experiment called twitter big 5 and applies to the microblogging platform earlier work of Professor Jefferey Hancock of Cornell University, on the relationship between psychopathy and the words we use. The experiment was carried out in the form of online competition in which scientists with expertise in data management have been invited to develop the best possible algorithm to identify a psychopath twitter user. have met three million tweets and personality profiles of 3,000 people, of which 337 have been drawn between the variables included the frequency of writing in the microblogging platform, the number of retweets, as well as personality traits.
  8. 8. Also known as the Rorschach inkblot test, the Rorschach technique, or simplythe inkblot test) is a psychological test in which subjects perceptions of inkblots arerecorded and then analyzed using psychologicalinterpretation, complex algorithms,or both. Some psychologists use this test to examine a persons personalitycharacteristics and emotional functioning. It has been employed to detectunderlying thought disorder, especially in cases where patients are reluctant todescribe their thinking processes openly. The test is named after its creator, Swisspsychologist Hermann Rorschach. In the 1960s, the Rorschach was the most widelyused projective test. In a national survey in the U.S., the Rorschach was rankedeighth among psychological tests used in outpatient mental health facilities. It is thesecond most widely used test by members of the Society for Personality Assessment,and it is requested by psychiatrists in 25% of forensic assessment cases, usually in abattery of tests that often include the MMPI-2 and the MCMI-III. In surveys, the useof Rorschach ranges from a low of 20% bycorrectional psychologists to a high of80% by clinical psychologists engaged in assessment services, and 80%of psychologygraduate programs surveyed teach it. Although the Exner Scoring System (developed since the 1960s) claims to haveaddressed and often refuted many criticisms of the original testing system with anextensive body of research, some researchers continue to raise questions. The areasof dispute include the objectivity of testers, inter-rater reliability, the verifiabilityand general validity of the test, bias of the tests pathology scales towards greaternumbers of responses, the limited number of psychological conditions which itaccurately diagnoses, the inability to replicate the tests norms, its use in court-ordered evaluations, and the proliferation of the ten inkblot images, potentiallyinvalidating the test for those who have been exposed to them.
  9. 9. The ten InkblotsWhen seeing Card I, subjects often inquire on how they shouldproceed, and questions on what they are allowed to do withthe card (e.g. turning it) are not very significantThe red details of Card II are often seen as blood, andare the most distinctive featuresCard III is typically perceived to contain two humans involved insome interaction, and may provide information about how thesubject relates with other people (specifically, response latencymay reveal struggling social interactions)Card IV is notable for its dark color and its shading(posing difficulties for depressed subjects)Card V is an easily elaborated card that is not usuallyperceived as threatening, and typically instigates a"change of pace" in the test, after the previous morechallenging cards.Texture is the dominant characteristic of CardVI, which often elicits association related tointerpersonal closeness; it is specifically a "sex card"
  10. 10. Card VII can be associated with femininity (the human figurescommonly seen in it being described as women or children), andfunction as a "mother card", where difficulties in responding maybe related to concerns with the female figures in the subjects lifePeople often express relief about Card VIII, which lets them relaxand respond effectively. Similar to card V, it represents a "changeof pace"; however, the card introduces new elaborationdifficulties, being complex and the first multi-colored card in thesetCharacteristic of Card IX is indistinct form anddiffuse, muted chromatic features, creating a generalvagueness.Card X is structurally similar to card VIII, but its uncertaintyand complexity are reminiscent of card IX: people who findit difficult to deal with many concurrent stimuli may notparticularly like this otherwise pleasant card. Hermann Rorschach created the Rorschach inkblot test in 1921.
  11. 11. G V H V W D I S O R D E RQ F C N X V P S Y O R Z XO C B Ñ F G S I D R E A IT P P Q J A J L I S V R WY F S S A T U A C C I E IR T Y H Y O R N E H N G LS A I D P C N D A A U I H DisosrderE L S L K L H A N C R O E WilhelmH G I D A I G O I H A J L RorschachE O N P R N C Z L K F Y M PsychologyA R K I F I Q O Z O E F I InkblotsL M B L Q C E S A I G E K Health L I E A V R R V O Y H ForensicT IH W O E A L O R A E N Q GU F T N H Z L Q B V P X MS I S T F O R E N S I C Y
  12. 12. Mario Echeverri Fotografía y entretenimiento V-22667171 Wilmer Martinez Edición V-20927395Neil AularDiseñador Grafico ydesarrollador delcontenidoV-19606748
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