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LONDON OLYMPIC GAMES 1948 Karoliina Grentsmann C. R. Jakobson Gymnasium Form 9c Supervisor: Tiia Pukk 2012
FACTS ABOUT THE OLYMPIC GAMES Was held in London, England, United Kingdom A record 59 nations were represented 4,104 athletes, 3,714 men, 390 women The host nation won 23 medals Officially opened by King George VI Opening ceremony 29 July Closing ceremony 14 August Was held in Wembley Stadium
ELECTION AS HOST CITY IOC awarded the 1944 Olympic Summer Games to London World War II stopped the plans London again stood as a candidate for 1948 Britain almost handed the 1948 games to the USA London became the second city to host the Olympics twice
ORGANIZATION Lord Burghley was named Chairman of the Organising and Executive Committees Olympic pictograms were introduced for the first time Three separate pictograms for the arts competition, the opening ceremony and the closing ceremony Athletes were given increased rations They ate 5,467 calories a day, instead of the normal 2,600
ORGANIZATION Male competitors stayed at RAF camps in Uxbridge, West Drayton and Richmond Female competitors stayed in London colleges The first games to be held following the death of Pierre de Coubertin The last to feature an arts competition
OPENING CEREMONY Army bands began playing at 2 pm in Wembley Stadium The Royal Family arrived at 2:45 pm At 3 pm the competitors entered the stadium in a procession that took 50 minutes At 4 pm the King declared the Games open 2,500 pigeons were set free Olympic Flag raised to its 35 ft flagpole at the end of the stadium The National Anthem was sung, the athletes marched out of the stadium, led by Greece, tailed by Britain.
SPORTS Athletics Basketball Boxing Canoeing Cycling Diving Equestrian Fencing Field Hockey Football
SPORTS Gymnastics Lacrosse Modern pentathlon Rowing Sailing Shooting Swimming Water polo Weightlifting Wrestling
VENUES No new venues were built for the Games Swimming events were held undercover In 2010 the last remaining venue from the Games was saved when a new 15 year lease was agreed Campaigners and users of the track had feared that it would be forced to close
PARTICIPATING NATIONS A total of 59 nations sent athletes The first time that the Philippines, India and Pakistan competed as independent nations Germany and Japan were not allowed to send athletes to the games Italy was allowed to send athletes The Soviet Union was invited but they chose not to send any athletes
MEDALS US won 84 medals Sweden won 44 medals France won 29 medals Hungary won 27 medals Italy won 27 medals Finland won 20 medals Turkey won 12 medals Czechoslovakia won 11 medals Switzerland won 20 medals Denmark won 20 medals The host nation was 12th, with 23 medals, including three golds