MOHAWK NAME The Mohawk Nation, then known as Kanienkehakewas one of the five founding Nations of the IroquoisLeague. The name Mohawk was given to the tribeby the Algonquin and was later adopted by theEuropeans who had difficulty pronouncingKanienkehake
MOHAWK LANGUAGE Most Mohawk people speak English today, butsome Mohawks also speak their native Mohawklanguage. Mohawk is a complex language withmany sounds that are unlike the sounds in English.
WHERE THEY LIVE ? The Mohawks are original people of New Yorkstate. Some Mohawk people still live in New Yorktoday, but most Mohawks retreated to Canada inthe 1700s.
MOHAWK WEAPONS. Mohawk hunters used bows and arrows. Mohawkfishermen used spears and fishing poles. Inwar, Mohawk men used their bows and arrows orfought with clubs, spears and shields. Otherimportant tools used by the Mohawks includedstone adzes flint knives for skinning animals, andwooden hoes for farming. The Mohawks wereskilled woodworkers, steaming wood so that it couldbe bent to make curved tools.
MOHAWK TRANSPORTATION There were two types of Mohawk canoes. A canoemade from elm bark was light and fast. A dugoutcanoe, made from hollowed-out logs, was long andcould carry many people. Over land, the Mohawksused dogs as pack animals. (There were no horsesin North America until colonists brought them overfrom Europe.) During the winter the Mohawks usedsleds and laced snowshoes to travel through thesnow.
THEIR HOMES The Mohawk people lived in villages oflonghouses, which were large wood-frame buildingscovered with sheets of elm bark. One Mohawkhouse could be a hundred feet long, and an entireclan lived in it--up to 60 people!
MOHAWK FOOD The Mohawk Indians were farming people. Mohawkwomen planted crops of corn, beans, and squashand harvested wild berries and herbs. Mohawk menhunted for deer and elk and fished in the rivers.Traditional Mohawk foods includedcornbread, soups, and stews, which they cooked onstone hearths.