LiterasiMaklumatKearahPembestarianPendidikan : PembelajaranBerdasarkanSumber<br />Oleh:<br />BahagianTeknologiPendidikan<b...
Fasa ekonomi  Malaysia secara holistik<br />Knowledge Based<br />Knowledge & <br />Technology<br />Driven<br />2000<br />H...
EVOLUSI PROSES PENGAJARAN DAN PEMBELAJARAN (P&P)<br />AMALAN P&P LAMA <br />AMALAN P&P BARU<br />P<br />E<br />N<br />G<br...
Memberi lebih jawapan daripada soalan
Bertanya soalan aras rendah
Mengguna sumber dalam bentuk teks dan bukan elektronik
Membekalkan tugasan yang mencabar dan memerlukan penyiasatan dan analisis
Memberi lebih soalan daripada jawapan
Bertanya soalan aras tinggi
Mengguna sumber yang pelbagai khususnya yang berteknologi</li></ul>METODOLOGI<br /><ul><li>Berpusatkanmurid
Berfokuskanpembelajaran
Berpusatkanpemikiran
Berorientasikanproses</li></li></ul><li>PENGGUNAAN SUMBER PENGAJARAN DAN PEMBELAJARAN SECARA BERANSUR-ANSUR<br />SEKOLAH K...
Bahanpembelajarankemampuansendiriuntukpengayaandanpemulihandalambentuk media bercetakdanperalatan multimedia
Bahanpembelajarankemampuansendirididapatididalampelbagaibentuk
Perisian multimedia untuksemuasubjek
Aksestanpagangguanpadaperisian multimedia danjaringan Internet
Guru membimbingpembelajaran
Muridmulapembelajaranterarahkendiri
Multimedia digunakanuntukmenampungkeperluanindividu</li></li></ul><li>3 TUNJANG PEMBESTARIAN <br />Kebolehanmendapatkanmak...
CARA PEMBELAJARAN PEMBESTARIAN<br /><ul><li>Dengan Courseware interaktifmenggunakan CD ROM ataumelalui intranet sekolah
Dengan Networking melalui e-mail kepadapakarataupihaktertentu
Denganmendapatkanbahandi internet
Denganberkongsimaklumatdenganrakan lain melaluiperbincangan
Denganmembuat“field trip”ataulawatanketempat yang mempunyaisumbermaklumat yang diperlukan
Memperolehimaklumatdaribahankonvensionalsepertibukudanperpustakaantradisional</li></li></ul><li>Pusat Akses<br />Makmal Pe...
ICT MerentasiLiterasiMaklumatdalam era digital<br />
LiterasiMaklumat<br />LiterasiMaklumatadalahsuatukemahiranyang digunakanbilamaklumattertentudiperlukan, kebolehanmencarida...
…Information Literacy<br />The ability to access, evaluate and use information from a variety of sources.<br />Christina 	...
KEPENTINGANNYA<br />* Muridharustahucara yang teraturdantepatbagimendapatkanmaklumat yang sesuaikeranamaklumatmemainkanper...
…KEPENTINGANNYA<br />   * Melibatkanmuridsecaraterusdengansumberpembelajaransupayapembelajaranmenjadilebihaktifdanmemberan...
… KEPENTINGANNYA<br />  * Melatihmuriduntukmenanganiilmu yang pelbagaidanmenjadikansumbersebagaipuncapembelajaran<br />
PEMBELAJARAN BERASASKAN <br />SUMBER <br />Tell me and I will forget<br />Show me and I remember<br />Involve me and I wil...
UNDERLINING PRINCIPLES <br />All students have the ability to learn and progress, which can be enhanced by using appropria...
A NATION PREPARED<br />“People …… will not come to the workplace knowing all they have to know, but knowing how to figure ...
INTERNET SEARCH<br />
The Internet is a vast source of information <br />It connects millions of computers around the world <br />Computers belo...
Malaysia is Sophisticated Online<br /><ul><li>16.8m internet users (60%)
2/3 of internet users now also use social media
Largest group of users aged 15-19 (17.9%)
Over 33% of users have a Friendster account
28% of home users access blogs
More than a quarter of all internet users live in Selangor (26.1%)
One of countries with most bloggers per person in the world</li></li></ul><li>Information comes from a wide variety of sou...
How Malaysia Uses Online<br />2/3 of internet users now also use social media<br />Get information (94.4%)<br />Text commu...
What Is Online Communications?<br />Web sites<br /><ul><li>Formal means for communicating with your audiences, content is ...
The Old Lecture<br />Government Spokesperson<br />Public Rallies<br />Minister Speeches<br />International Media(Wall Stre...
The New Conversation<br />Government<br />Communication<br />Foreign Entities<br /><ul><li>People can go anywhere to get i...
Format doesn’t matter anymore
People share information with each other – sources are shifting
People choose  that which fits their interest and world view</li></ul>Bloggers<br />Religious <br />Groups<br />Activists<...
How can I find information on the Internet? <br />   There are two main types of Internet search tools:<br />Search Engine...
SEARCH ENGINES<br />Search engines work by sending out special Web-harvesting software to Web sites around the World to au...
Search Engines<br />What are some widely used search engines?<br />
SEARCH ENGINES<br />	Pros <br />Search engines are useful if you want to find a very precise piece of information<br />Wil...
META SEARCH ENGINES<br />Perhaps the best-known search engine is: <br />Google<br />Metacrawler<br />Googlescholar <br />
How Do Searches Work?<br />Content – the words on the page<br />Tags, page titles, search listing<br />What other sites th...
ONLINE SEARCHING<br />Finding information on the web can be a difficult tasks. This can only be due to the sheer size of t...
Using Search Engines and Meta Search Engines.<br />For this tutorial, the search engines used are Googlescholar, Alta Vist...
Recommended search engines<br />http://www.googlescholar.com/<br />http://www.altavista.com/<br />http://www.metacrawler.c...
What is Google Scholar?<br /><ul><li>Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From...
Tips for effective searching:<br /><ul><li>If you know the site that you want to go, type the address and enter!  Don’t wa...
When using the keyword to search, be as specific as you can.  The search engines do not understand grammar.
Be careful about phrases.  Typing, say, virtual reality modelling language will return all pages that contain all four wor...
Search Strategies:<br />Online searches rely on the use of Boolean operators – AND, OR, NOT, often in conjunction with par...
Subject Directories<br />Subject gateways to online libraries containing links and pages on a variety of topics or discipl...
Educational Organizations<br />Services provided by Educational Organizations and State Educational bodies.<br />Recommend...
Selected Home Pages –The Knowledge Portal<br />These home pages provide the perfect gateway to lots of interesting sites a...
Waktu operasi Helpdesk<br />EduWebTV Home Page<br />Butangkoleksisaluran<br />Butang Laman Utama<br />Ruang Carian<br />Ru...
Taqwim<br />Video Pilihan<br />Berita Terkini<br />
Selected Home Pages –The Teacher’Community<br />These home pages provide the perfect gateway to lots of interesting sites ...
Latest concept in library services<br />Virtual library<br />Virtual Reference<br />
Virtual libraries<br />A collection of materials from a variety of separate libraries that are organized in virtual space ...
Electronic Reference (Virtual Reference) <br />Reference services provided online<br />Through electronic means – e-mail, ...
Electronic Reference (Virtual Reference) <br />Use of Internet as reference services<br />Some example are:<br />http://ww...
VIRTUAL REFERENCE<br />
VIRTUAL REFERENCE …cont.<br />
Electronic Reference Sources<br />Dictionaries<br />http://www.merriam-webster.com/<br />http://www.e-kamus-malaysia.com/<...
Electronic Journals<br />Some local E-journals that are relevant:<br />http://lib.upm.edu.my/onlinejour.html<br />http://p...
Bengkel Pusat Sumber Sekolah Peringkat Negeri Johor, 28 April 2009, Sri Malaysia Hotel , JB.<br />
Electronic Magazines<br />Magazines and Newspapers available on the Internet provided by publishers on the Internet :<br /...
Online Databases<br />Databases that are being subscribed and provided by the library.  As the services are based on fees,...
Online Databases …cont.<br />The databases provide online journals on specialized subject areas.  <br />Please take note t...
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  • Need to improve communications in all aspects – web content, search availability, collaborative media, and social media We’ll focus on social media first, as it’s had the most profound impact on communications flow
  • Explain that while government may push its information online into social media, where it will get covered and how is determined by the online community Each of these venues won’t necessarily be targeted or important to government online interactions, but it’s important to consider all of the ways your online reputation is shaped Explain terms such as micro-blogging, virtual worlds, and social networks in this context
  • The government no longer speaks to the people through the media. Instead, communications shift and change as they make their way from where they are delivered through online channels to their final destination. However, online also gives the opportunity to address the people directly in new ways, which we will discuss in more detail later
  • - We’ve talked about how search is critical because it’s how people generally find answers to the information they seek. But what determines search results? And how can this help us communicate?- Which of these is most important? Which is least?
  • Internet search btp_r[1].pptx edit

    1. 1. LiterasiMaklumatKearahPembestarianPendidikan : PembelajaranBerdasarkanSumber<br />Oleh:<br />BahagianTeknologiPendidikan<br />KementerianPelajaranMalaysia<br />Mei 2010<br />
    2. 2. Fasa ekonomi Malaysia secara holistik<br />Knowledge Based<br />Knowledge & <br />Technology<br />Driven<br />2000<br />Hi tech. manufacturing & Services<br />Productivity <br />Driven<br />1990s<br />Medium tech. manufacturing & Services<br />Investment<br />Driven<br />1980s<br />Assembly type manufacturing<br />Labour<br /> Driven<br />1960-1970s<br />Primary commodities<br />Labour<br /> Driven<br />1957<br />
    3. 3. EVOLUSI PROSES PENGAJARAN DAN PEMBELAJARAN (P&P)<br />AMALAN P&P LAMA <br />AMALAN P&P BARU<br />P<br />E<br />N<br />G<br />A<br />J<br />A<br />R<br />A<br />N<br /><ul><li>Membekalkan maklumat
    4. 4. Memberi lebih jawapan daripada soalan
    5. 5. Bertanya soalan aras rendah
    6. 6. Mengguna sumber dalam bentuk teks dan bukan elektronik
    7. 7. Membekalkan tugasan yang mencabar dan memerlukan penyiasatan dan analisis
    8. 8. Memberi lebih soalan daripada jawapan
    9. 9. Bertanya soalan aras tinggi
    10. 10. Mengguna sumber yang pelbagai khususnya yang berteknologi</li></ul>METODOLOGI<br /><ul><li>Berpusatkanmurid
    11. 11. Berfokuskanpembelajaran
    12. 12. Berpusatkanpemikiran
    13. 13. Berorientasikanproses</li></li></ul><li>PENGGUNAAN SUMBER PENGAJARAN DAN PEMBELAJARAN SECARA BERANSUR-ANSUR<br />SEKOLAH KINI<br />PEMBESTARIAN<br />Muriddibenarmajupadakadar yang berlainan<br />Muriddibenarmajupadakadar yang berlainan<br />Kelas maju pada kadar yang sama<br /><ul><li>Guru sebagaisumbermaklumat
    14. 14. Bahanpembelajarankemampuansendiriuntukpengayaandanpemulihandalambentuk media bercetakdanperalatan multimedia
    15. 15. Bahanpembelajarankemampuansendirididapatididalampelbagaibentuk
    16. 16. Perisian multimedia untuksemuasubjek
    17. 17. Aksestanpagangguanpadaperisian multimedia danjaringan Internet
    18. 18. Guru membimbingpembelajaran
    19. 19. Muridmulapembelajaranterarahkendiri
    20. 20. Multimedia digunakanuntukmenampungkeperluanindividu</li></li></ul><li>3 TUNJANG PEMBESTARIAN <br />Kebolehanmendapatkanmaklumatdaripelbagaisumberuntuktujuantertentusepertibuku, jurnal, TV, bertanya, berbincangatau Internet<br />AksesKendiri<br />Muridtidaktertaklukkepadakelajuanataukebolehanpelajar lain tetapidibenarkanuntukmajukepadakemahiranatautajukbaruapabilaiatelahmenguasaisesuatumatapelajaran<br />Kadar Kendiri<br />Muriddibenarkanmenerokatajuk yang diminatitanpaterkongkongdengankurikulum yang rigid. Muridbolehmelakukandenganbantuanteknologisepertimelaluikemudahan multimedia CD ROM, TV, radio, Internet dan lain-lain<br />TerarahKendiri<br />
    21. 21. CARA PEMBELAJARAN PEMBESTARIAN<br /><ul><li>Dengan Courseware interaktifmenggunakan CD ROM ataumelalui intranet sekolah
    22. 22. Dengan Networking melalui e-mail kepadapakarataupihaktertentu
    23. 23. Denganmendapatkanbahandi internet
    24. 24. Denganberkongsimaklumatdenganrakan lain melaluiperbincangan
    25. 25. Denganmembuat“field trip”ataulawatanketempat yang mempunyaisumbermaklumat yang diperlukan
    26. 26. Memperolehimaklumatdaribahankonvensionalsepertibukudanperpustakaantradisional</li></li></ul><li>Pusat Akses<br />Makmal Pengkomputeran<br />Agensi Pelaksana Utama : BTP<br />Pelaksana : BPP, BS, JPN<br />Teras 2, 4<br />Latihan Guru<br />Agensi Pelaksana Utama : BS<br />Pelaksana : BPP, BS, BTMK,<br />BTP, PPK, JPN,<br />Teras 2, 4<br />Agensi Pelaksana Utama : BPG<br />Pelaksana : BPG, BSM, IPG, JNS<br />Teras: 2, 3, 5, 6 <br />Sekolah Rintis Bestari<br />TV Pendidikan / <br />eduWebTV<br />Agensi Pelaksana: BTP<br />Pelaksana : Semua Bahagian<br />Teras: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6<br />Agensi Pelaksana Utama : BTP<br />Pelaksana : BS, JPN<br />Teras 1, 2, 4<br />Perisian Kursus<br />Agensi Pelaksana Utama : BTP<br />Pelaksana : BPG, BS, IPG, JNS, JPN<br />Teras: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 <br />SchoolNet<br />Agensi Pelaksana Utama : BTMK<br />Pelaksana : BS, JPN, BTP<br />Teras 2, 4<br />MBMMBI<br />(Makmal BM /BI)<br />AgensiPelaksanaUtama : PPK<br />Pelaksana : BS, JPN, BTP, BBT , JNS Teras 2, 4<br />PEMBESTARIAN SEKOLAH MENGAMBIL KIRA INISIATIF ICT KPM<br />
    27. 27. ICT MerentasiLiterasiMaklumatdalam era digital<br />
    28. 28. LiterasiMaklumat<br />LiterasiMaklumatadalahsuatukemahiranyang digunakanbilamaklumattertentudiperlukan, kebolehanmencaridanmemperolehimaklumatdalamapajua format danmenggunakanmaklumattersebutsecaraaktifsepertikata Anthony Robins dalambukunyaThe Unlimited Power, “Information is power, action is obsolute power”. <br />
    29. 29. …Information Literacy<br />The ability to access, evaluate and use information from a variety of sources.<br />Christina A.Doyle(1992)<br />
    30. 30. KEPENTINGANNYA<br />* Muridharustahucara yang teraturdantepatbagimendapatkanmaklumat yang sesuaikeranamaklumatmemainkanperananpentingdalamkehidupan<br />
    31. 31. …KEPENTINGANNYA<br /> * Melibatkanmuridsecaraterusdengansumberpembelajaransupayapembelajaranmenjadilebihaktifdanmemberangsangkan<br />* Melatihmurid, belajarberdikarisecaraberansur-ansuruntukmemudahkanmerekamenghayatikonseppendidikanseumurhidup<br />
    32. 32. … KEPENTINGANNYA<br /> * Melatihmuriduntukmenanganiilmu yang pelbagaidanmenjadikansumbersebagaipuncapembelajaran<br />
    33. 33. PEMBELAJARAN BERASASKAN <br />SUMBER <br />Tell me and I will forget<br />Show me and I remember<br />Involve me and I will understand<br />
    34. 34. UNDERLINING PRINCIPLES <br />All students have the ability to learn and progress, which can be enhanced by using appropriate learning technologies<br />Learning is a consequence of thinking, and good thinking is learnable by all students<br />Learning should include deep understanding, which involves the flexible, active use of knowledge<br />
    35. 35. A NATION PREPARED<br />“People …… will not come to the workplace knowing all they have to know, but knowing how to figure out what they need to know, where to get it, and how to make meaning out of it.”<br />Thompson, Helen M and Henley, Susan A (2000)<br />
    36. 36. INTERNET SEARCH<br />
    37. 37. The Internet is a vast source of information <br />It connects millions of computers around the world <br />Computers belonging to all sorts of people and organizations. <br />All these computers hold information, some of which is free for everyone to access and use. <br />
    38. 38. Malaysia is Sophisticated Online<br /><ul><li>16.8m internet users (60%)
    39. 39. 2/3 of internet users now also use social media
    40. 40. Largest group of users aged 15-19 (17.9%)
    41. 41. Over 33% of users have a Friendster account
    42. 42. 28% of home users access blogs
    43. 43. More than a quarter of all internet users live in Selangor (26.1%)
    44. 44. One of countries with most bloggers per person in the world</li></li></ul><li>Information comes from a wide variety of sources such as: <br />
    45. 45. How Malaysia Uses Online<br />2/3 of internet users now also use social media<br />Get information (94.4%)<br />Text communications (84.7%)<br />Education (64.5%)<br />Leisure (63.5%)<br />Financial activities (31.8%)<br />Public services (29.2%)<br />E-government transactions (19.8%)<br />Online stock trading (5.9%)<br />Social network visitors (August 2009)<br />Facebook: 6.2 million<br />Friendster: 4.2 million<br />MySpace: 2.1 million<br />Flickr: 1.5 million<br />Twitter: 750,000<br />Sources: Alexa and Google Ad Planner, 2009<br />
    46. 46. What Is Online Communications?<br />Web sites<br /><ul><li>Formal means for communicating with your audiences, content is important, needs to be “portable” for social media</li></ul>Search <br /><ul><li>Primary means for people to find information on the web</li></ul>“Social Media”<br /><ul><li>Facebook, Friendster, Twitter, YouTube, Digg, Blinklist, FriendX, Wikipedia, Message Boards</li></li></ul><li>What is Social Media?<br />Encompasses online personal publishing – blogs, social networks, comments on news websites, forums, chat rooms, Wikipedia, podcasts<br />As with the media, it puts government statements on the record<br />23<br />
    47. 47. The Old Lecture<br />Government Spokesperson<br />Public Rallies<br />Minister Speeches<br />International Media(Wall Street Journal, Economist)<br />Domestic media(Bernama, NST, Malaysia Insider)<br />Public<br />
    48. 48. The New Conversation<br />Government<br />Communication<br />Foreign Entities<br /><ul><li>People can go anywhere to get information
    49. 49. Format doesn’t matter anymore
    50. 50. People share information with each other – sources are shifting
    51. 51. People choose that which fits their interest and world view</li></ul>Bloggers<br />Religious <br />Groups<br />Activists<br />Newspapers<br />Business<br />Political Parties<br />NGOs<br />Public<br />
    52. 52. How can I find information on the Internet? <br /> There are two main types of Internet search tools:<br />Search Engines <br />Specialist Search Tools – Meta Search Engines<br />
    53. 53. SEARCH ENGINES<br />Search engines work by sending out special Web-harvesting software to Web sites around the World to automatically create a huge index that lets you search millions (if not billions) of Web pages. <br />Most of the famous search engines are run by commercial companies in the USA. <br />
    54. 54. Search Engines<br />What are some widely used search engines?<br />
    55. 55. SEARCH ENGINES<br /> Pros <br />Search engines are useful if you want to find a very precise piece of information<br />Will find something on every subject imaginable <br /> Cons <br />Can give you too many results – time consuming to sort through <br />Can return lots or irrelevant or inappropriate information<br />
    56. 56.
    57. 57.
    58. 58. META SEARCH ENGINES<br />Perhaps the best-known search engine is: <br />Google<br />Metacrawler<br />Googlescholar <br />
    59. 59.
    60. 60.
    61. 61. How Do Searches Work?<br />Content – the words on the page<br />Tags, page titles, search listing<br />What other sites the site links to<br />What links point to the site<br />Web site traffic<br />Content Portability<br />
    62. 62. ONLINE SEARCHING<br />Finding information on the web can be a difficult tasks. This can only be due to the sheer size of the WWW, which currently contained an estimated 3 billions documents. <br /> Secondly, the WWW is not indexed in any standard vocabulary (unlike a library catalogue)<br />
    63. 63. Using Search Engines and Meta Search Engines.<br />For this tutorial, the search engines used are Googlescholar, Alta Vista and MetaCrawler.<br />A search engine is a software that finds things on the WWW. A Meta Search Engines is a powerful search engines that search the Internet’s top search engines simultaneously.<br />
    64. 64. Recommended search engines<br />http://www.googlescholar.com/<br />http://www.altavista.com/<br />http://www.metacrawler.com/<br />
    65. 65. What is Google Scholar?<br /><ul><li>Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and articles, from academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories, universities and other scholarly organizations. Google Scholar helps you identify the most relevant research across the world of scholarly research.</li></li></ul><li>MetaCrawler? AltaVista?<br />MetaCrawler: Search engine that retrieve results in relevency ranked order; useful power search available with a template of search options. <br />AltaVista : searches web sites and Usenet newsgroups with advanced Boolean and field search options.<br />
    66. 66.
    67. 67.
    68. 68.
    69. 69.
    70. 70. Tips for effective searching:<br /><ul><li>If you know the site that you want to go, type the address and enter! Don’t waste your precious time.
    71. 71. When using the keyword to search, be as specific as you can. The search engines do not understand grammar.
    72. 72. Be careful about phrases. Typing, say, virtual reality modelling language will return all pages that contain all four words, but not necessarily together. To search for the phrase, put it in quotes: “virtual reality modelling language”</li></li></ul><li>Tips for effective searching: …cont.<br />Use “not” to exclude extraneous materials. In AltaVista for example, commerce not electronic excludes searching the words electronic from pages, which contain the two words. <br />Keep trying. If the first try is to much or too little, adjust the search and try again. Doing is the only way to learn.<br />
    73. 73. Search Strategies:<br />Online searches rely on the use of Boolean operators – AND, OR, NOT, often in conjunction with parentheses. How does Boolean operators work during searching: Examples are : <br />AND – “Children” AND “Television”<br />OR – “Women” OR “Females”<br />NOT – “Mechanical Engineering” NOT “School of …”<br />
    74. 74. Subject Directories<br />Subject gateways to online libraries containing links and pages on a variety of topics or disciplines.<br />Recommended sites are:<br />The Librarian’s Index to the Internet - http://www.lii.org<br />Academic Info – .<br />http://www.academicinfo.net<br />
    75. 75.
    76. 76.
    77. 77. Educational Organizations<br />Services provided by Educational Organizations and State Educational bodies.<br />Recommended sites are:<br />Statistics<br />http://www.statistics.gov.my<br />Research<br />http://www.esekolah.info/<br />Teaching Materials<br />http://apps.emoe.gov.my<br />http://jpnperlis/muatturun.htm<br />
    78. 78.
    79. 79.
    80. 80.
    81. 81.
    82. 82. Selected Home Pages –The Knowledge Portal<br />These home pages provide the perfect gateway to lots of interesting sites and information directories.<br />http://www.tutor.com.my<br />http://www.cikgu.net<br />http://www.jaim.edu.my<br />http://www.zoom-a.com/<br />http://www.eduwebtv.com/index7.php<br />Bengkel Pusat Sumber Sekolah Peringkat Negeri Johor, 28 April 2009, Sri Malaysia Hotel , JB.<br />
    83. 83.
    84. 84.
    85. 85.
    86. 86.
    87. 87.
    88. 88. Waktu operasi Helpdesk<br />EduWebTV Home Page<br />Butangkoleksisaluran<br />Butang Laman Utama<br />Ruang Carian<br />Ruangan Ahli<br />Pengumuman<br />
    89. 89. Taqwim<br />Video Pilihan<br />Berita Terkini<br />
    90. 90. Selected Home Pages –The Teacher’Community<br />These home pages provide the perfect gateway to lots of interesting sites and information directories.<br />http://www.cikguzul.com/<br />http://www.cikgu.net<br />http://cikgunooratsemi.blogspot.com/<br />http://www.teacher.tube.com/<br />
    91. 91.
    92. 92.
    93. 93. Latest concept in library services<br />Virtual library<br />Virtual Reference<br />
    94. 94. Virtual libraries<br />A collection of materials from a variety of separate libraries that are organized in virtual space using computers and computer network<br /> Or<br />A system by which users access information that resides solely in electronic format on computer networks, without respect to physical location on the information<br />
    95. 95.
    96. 96.
    97. 97.
    98. 98.
    99. 99.
    100. 100.
    101. 101.
    102. 102.
    103. 103. Electronic Reference (Virtual Reference) <br />Reference services provided online<br />Through electronic means – e-mail, chat, instant messaging, etc.<br />Web-based reference services (commercial/Free) <br />
    104. 104. Electronic Reference (Virtual Reference) <br />Use of Internet as reference services<br />Some example are:<br />http://www.ask.com<br />http://www.abuzz.com<br />http://www.askme.com<br />
    105. 105. VIRTUAL REFERENCE<br />
    106. 106. VIRTUAL REFERENCE …cont.<br />
    107. 107. Electronic Reference Sources<br />Dictionaries<br />http://www.merriam-webster.com/<br />http://www.e-kamus-malaysia.com/<br />Encyclopedias<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page<br />http://www.britannica.com/<br />Bartleby Reference<br />http://www.bartleby.com/reference/<br />
    108. 108.
    109. 109.
    110. 110.
    111. 111. Electronic Journals<br />Some local E-journals that are relevant:<br />http://lib.upm.edu.my/onlinejour.html<br />http://pkukmweb.ukm.my/~library/oaj_bi.htm?Id=3352<br />
    112. 112.
    113. 113.
    114. 114.
    115. 115. Bengkel Pusat Sumber Sekolah Peringkat Negeri Johor, 28 April 2009, Sri Malaysia Hotel , JB.<br />
    116. 116. Electronic Magazines<br />Magazines and Newspapers available on the Internet provided by publishers on the Internet :<br />http://mylib.pnm.my/e-resources/e-magazine/e-magazine.htm<br />http://dir.yahoo.com/News_and_Media/Newspapers/By_Region/Countries/Malaysia/?skw=malaysia+newspaper<br />
    117. 117.
    118. 118.
    119. 119. Online Databases<br />Databases that are being subscribed and provided by the library. As the services are based on fees, the library provide user Id and a password. <br />Using the password and user ID, library patrons can have access to the services at any internet location. <br />
    120. 120. Online Databases …cont.<br />The databases provide online journals on specialized subject areas. <br />Please take note that users are required to enter the correct ID and password to activate the searches. The ID and password can be obtained from your librarian.<br />
    121. 121. Some example of online databases<br />1. EBSCOHOST – Business, Management, economics, finance, etc.<br />http://search.epnet.com/login.asp<br />2. Proquest (GPO and BPO) – Business, Management, Social Sciences, General.<br />http://www.umi.com/proquest<br />3. LEXIS-NEXIS Academic Universe – News, Business, Medical, Legal Research.<br />http://web.lexis-nexis.com/universe<br />
    122. 122. Examples:<br />4. INFOTRAC – Business, Social Science, Management.<br />http://infotrac.galegroup.com/itweb/uitm_jhr<br />Emerald Intelligence – Library Science, Information Management.<br />http://www.emeraldinsight.com<br />6. Wilson Library – Library literature and Information Science.<br />http://hwwilsonweb.com<br />
    123. 123. Proquest Main Page<br />
    124. 124. Proquest Main Page …cont.<br />
    125. 125. The internet<br />The Internet is not a new phenomenon.<br />It changes the way in which we view and use information.<br />Due to “the information overload”,we need skill to use and evaluate information.<br />And finally, we can maximize the use of the Internet for quality information retrieval.<br />
    126. 126. KEMAHIRAN MAKLUMAT<br />Aktiviti Utama<br />Proses Maklumat<br />KEMAHIRAN <br />KRITIKAL DAN<br />PENYELESAIAN <br />MASALAH<br /><ul><li>Pemahaman
    127. 127. Sintesis
    128. 128. Analisis
    129. 129. Terjemahan
    130. 130. Inferens
    131. 131. Penilaian</li></ul>PENAKRIFAN<br />PENCARIAN<br /> LITERASI<br /><ul><li>Membaca
    132. 132. Menulis
    133. 133. Mendengar
    134. 134. Bertutur
    135. 135. Memerhati
    136. 136. Melukis</li></ul>PEMILIHAN<br />Maklum Balas<br />PENYUSUNAN<br />PENGHASILAN<br />PERKONGSIAN<br />PENILAIAN<br />Adalah Kemahiran berfikir<br />
    137. 137. PEMBELAJARAN BERASASKAN SUMBER DAN TEKNOLOGI KOMUNIKASI<br />Penekanankeataspembelajaranbermaknadan<br />engageddenganteknologi<br /><ul><li>Muriddilibatsecaraaktif
    138. 138. Muridsebagaipenerokadanpereka
    139. 139. Pembelajarankolaboratif
    140. 140. Pembentukankemahiranberfikir yang kritikal
    141. 141. Penyelesaianmasalah
    142. 142. Tugasanautentik
    143. 143. Guru sebagaipemudahcaradanpembimbing</li></li></ul><li>GPM dan GPB perlu:<br />- kerjasama(collaborate) denganguru matapelajaran<br />- caripelbagaisumberuntukguru danmurid<br /><ul><li>berhubungdenganpakardiseluruhdunia</li></ul>- menyediakanperkhidmatandankemudahankemudahanteknologi yang diperlukanuntukmengaksesmaklumatbagimewujudkankomuniti yang ‘information literate’<br />- mendidikmuridcaramenguruskansumbermaklumat<br />- tunjukkepadamuridcaramelayarimaklumatdaripangkalan data<br />
    144. 144. PROGRAM ICT<br />Kelab Komputer<br />Pensijilan ICT-Kelas Literasi ICT<br />Global School Network<br />Aplikasi ICT Dalam P&P<br />
    145. 145. PROGRAM ICT<br />Kursus ICT Untuk Guru<br />Networking Preparation<br />IT Community<br />Kursus Dalaman- Panitia MP<br />
    146. 146. PERPUSTAKAAN LUAR NEGARA<br />Library of Congress in <br /> Washington<br />2. The British Library<br />National Library of Beijing<br />The New AlexandriaLibrary- <br />Egypt<br />
    147. 147. Library of Congress in Washington <br />
    148. 148. Library of Congress in Washington <br />It was founded in 1800. This library stocks over 30 million books<br />107<br />
    149. 149. The British Library <br />
    150. 150. The British Library <br />
    151. 151. The British Library <br />Lobby <br /> Entrance hall <br />
    152. 152. The British Library <br />Books Reading room <br />
    153. 153. National Library of Beijing <br />112<br />
    154. 154. National Library of Beijing <br />Main lobby<br />National Library of China is in Beijing, China. It was founded in 1909. This library stocks over 22 million books.<br />
    155. 155. National Library of Beijing <br />Reading hall<br />
    156. 156. The New Alexandria Library- Egypt <br />
    157. 157. The New Alexandria Library<br />
    158. 158. Alexandria Library<br />
    159. 159. Alexandria Library<br />
    160. 160. Alexandria Library<br />
    161. 161. HAPPY SURFING<br />THANK YOU<br />

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