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  • 1. LAGAHID, KARLY JEAN S.APM111. What is learning according to Hilgard and Atkinson?Learning - A relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as the result of practice. (Atkinson and Hilgard’s Introduction to Psychology 15th Edition)2. What is:  Classical conditioning A learning process in which a previously neutral stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus through repeated pairing with that stimulus.  Operant conditioning - Certain responses are learned because they operate on, or affect, the environment. - It can be thought of as learning due to the natural consequences of our actions.  Observational learning People can learn by observing the actions of others and noting the consequences of those actions3. What is the difference between classical conditioning and operant conditioning? Classical conditioning is when we train a person or an animal and we introduce stimuli tothem and the stimuli will be used to condition them for a period of time. Thus, the responsethat they create is due to the stimuli was introduced to them. When it is repeated for a periodof time their reaction will become a reflex whenever they see, smell, hear, or feel that stimuli.For example, when we train a dog to eat and we always ring a bell before feeding them theywill automatically salivate when they hear the bell sound because they already know that theyare going to be fed. Meanwhile, operant conditioning is when we learn things trough theresults of the things that we do. For example when a child does something bad the mothertends to scold the child. The child now realizes that what he did was wrong because hismother scolded him.•
  • 2. • Source: http://www.cengage.co.uk/atkinson15/students/glossary/book_gloss.pdf http://allpsych.com/psychology101/conditioning.html