Uk Civil Society And The Recession Cc

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An overview of NCVO's research on the size and scope of the voluntary sector, and wider civil society, as it entered the recession

An overview of NCVO's research on the size and scope of the voluntary sector, and wider civil society, as it entered the recession

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  • I’ve tried to approximate the colours using the ppt RGB mizes as follows: Turquoise: R: 0 G: 187 B: 223 Deep purple (!): 63,25,95 Green: 112,139,15 Mustard: 222,164,0 Maroon: 176,0,22
  • I wonder if we could use our colours to do a tube map?!
  • I wonder if we could use our colours to do a tube map?!
  • I was going to call this slide ruin or resilience!
  • I wonder if we could use our colours to do a tube map?!

Transcript

  • 1. The UK Civil Society Almanac 2009 A review of Civil Society Organisations’ resource base in the run-up to the recession March 2009 NCVO Research [email_address]
  • 2. Background
    • The 2000s have been a period of significant expansion for civil society
    • Too early to tell the impact of recession
    • Can our key indicators of size and scope provide an insight into risks and challenges?
    • The credit crunch began August 2007…with slowdown argued to have begun April 2008 in the UK.
    • Most data are for April 2006-March 2007. Our thanks to GuideStar Data Services for data on charities.
  • 3. The Civil Society mosaic
    • National and local charities | Arts and Cultural organisations
    • Independent Schools | Foundations | Development Trusts Universities | Trusts | Trade Unions | Housing Associations
    • Friendly Societies Faith groups
    • Building Societies Museums
    • Scouts & Guides Social clubs
    • Political Parties Credit Unions
    • Co-operatives ‘Below the radar’ community groups | Armed Forces charities
    • Exempt charities | Community Interest Companies (CICs) Community Amateur Sports Clubs (CASCs) | Industrial and Provident Societies (IPSs) | Social Enterprises | Charities established by Royal Charter | Excepted Charities Community Benefit Societies (BenComs) | NCVO
    870,000 organisations Income of £116 billion Assets of £210 billion Workforce of 1.4 million
  • 4. A ‘map’ of Civil Society
  • 5. The Nice Decade: total income
  • 6. Start-ups and removals: unrelated to recessions?
  • 7. Looking forward: risk or resilience?
    • Voluntary income: charitable giving, legacies
    • Earned income: trading, selling services
    • Government funding
    • Internally generated funds: investments
  • 8. Earned income: the route to resilience?
  • 9. Contracts and grants by subsector
  • 10. Statutory funding practices will shape the impact of recession on 40,000 charities…
    • The financial relationship with the State is driven by public service delivery contracts.
    • Recession proof?
    • 10% cut = £1.2 billion
    • But 130,000 charities have no funding relationship with government
  • 11. … and local statutory authorities are critical
    • Local government still provides the majority of funding
    • 10% cut = £570m
    • Central government is playing an increasingly important role
  • 12. How dependent are individual organisations on statutory income?
  • 13. The differential impact of recession
    • All things being equal , a reduction in funding will…
    • Giving: religion/overseas/ environment
    • Statutory: employment and training/advocacy
    • Investments: foundations, research
    • Other VCOs (eg foundations): development, overseas, infrastructure
  • 14. Public service delivery > increased workforce
    • The VCS workforce has increased by 25% in 10 years…but skills shortages widespread
    • At least 634,000 people now work in the VCS – but this is a small proportion of the total workforce
    • Looking forward: dealing with more volunteers?
  • 15. Assets
    • Assets again grew, reaching £104 billion
    • The recession will hit these assets as investment values fall
    • They are also spread unevenly – nearly 100,000 organisations don’t have funds to cover 1 year’s expenditure
  • 16. Funds matter Funds by subsector – as years of expenditure
  • 17. What can the Almanac tell us about the sector in recession?
    • The ecology of the sector may not be related to the economic cycle
    • Larger charities appear better able to survive…
    • … but if reserves = resilience that may not be the case
  • 18. What can the Almanac tell us about the sector in recession?
    • Income streams are not all equal, nor of equal importance
    • But government funding and charitable giving are more equal than others
    • There is a lag time between recession and impact…so there is enough time to plan